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Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) 2nd Stakeholders General Assembly Professor Peter P. Edwards UK Sustainable Hydrogen Energy Consortium.

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Presentation on theme: "Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) 2nd Stakeholders General Assembly Professor Peter P. Edwards UK Sustainable Hydrogen Energy Consortium."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) 2nd Stakeholders General Assembly Professor Peter P. Edwards UK Sustainable Hydrogen Energy Consortium (UK-SHEC) Head of Inorganic Chemistry University of Oxford 26 th October 2009 Hydrogen Production and Distribution

2 Hydrogen: First on the Periodic Table

3 Metallic Hydrogen

4

5 Hydrogen: The First Alkali Metal

6 P.P.Edwards, V.L.Kuznetsov, W.I.F.David, N.P.Brandon, Energy Policy, 36, (2008), p.4356 The Hydrogen Economy

7 The Innovation Landscape Research Applied Research and Development Demonstration Pre-competitive demonstration and deployment Market deployment Research Councils Technology Strategy Board Energy Technologies Institute Carbon Trust Environmental Transformation Fund Market-based mechanisms Ray Eaton, Assistant Director, Department of Energy & Climate Change

8 Strong research base – universities Relatively small number of potentially world-class companies Regionally focused activities including infrastructure development UK has been a good source of capital The UK Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Scene Ray Eaton, Assistant Director, Department of Energy & Climate Change

9 SUPERGEN directed programmes in Hydrogen (2) and Fuel Cells (1) Socio-economics is integrated within the work of the UK Sustainable Hydrogen Consortium (UK-SHEC) University spin-off companies Research Base Ray Eaton, Assistant Director, Department of Energy & Climate Change

10 Fuel cell developers – Intelligent Energy (PEM) – Ceres Power (SOFC) – Rolls Royce Fuel Cells Ltd (SOFC) – CMR Fuel Cells (DMFC) Component suppliers / Other – Johnson Matthey (MEAs, catalysts) – ITM Power (electrolysers) – Acal (Liquid cathode technology) Some UK Fuel Cell Companies Ray Eaton, Assistant Director, Department of Energy & Climate Change

11 The Technology Strategy Board supports industrial research and development in a wide range of technologies through a series of competitions. Support for Industrial Research, Development and Demonstration Ray Eaton, Assistant Director, Department of Energy & Climate Change

12 North East – hydrogen and electric vehicle recharging Midlands – British Midlands Hydrogen Ring London – London Hydrogen Partnership, buses Scotland – Aberdeen hydrogen highway Wales – Renewable Hydrogen Centre Regions / Devolved Administrations Ray Eaton, Assistant Director, Department of Energy & Climate Change

13 Delivery of Sustainable Hydrogen  14 consortia  £62m support since 2003  Over 40 institutions  Programme finishes 2010-3 SUPERGEN Consortia

14 UK-SHEC H&FC Research at UK Universities

15 UK-SHEC considers that hydrogen ultimately derived from renewable sources and used as an energy vector must be considered as a major component of a sustainable energy future in the UK and internationally The UK Sustainable Hydrogen Energy Consortium (UK-SHEC) Vision

16 “There exists the necessity for an epoch-making advance in new materials for hydrogen storage…. This is the hardest challenge” Masatami Takimoto Executive Vice President, Toyota Motor Corporation Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Expo 2006 400 Exhibitors: 23,039 Professional Visitors

17 R.Helmolt, U.Eberle (General Motors), J. Power Sources, 2007, 165, p.833 Hydrogen Storage: The Options

18 The Light Periodic Table

19 Hydrogen Utilization P.P.Edwards, V.L.Kuznetsov, Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science, Chapter 4, 2008, RSC Publishing

20 Hydrogen Storage Utilization J.Kilner, P.P.Edwards, V.L.Kuznetsov, Materials World, July 2009

21 Nature Materials, 7 (2), 138 - 141 (2008).

22 Metal-Organic Framework Materials X.Lin et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2006, 45, 7358 –7364

23 Hy StorM Tuning Promising H 2 Storage Materials Towards Automotive Applications A Technology Strategy Board Funded Project

24 ISIS High throughput materials discovery and characterisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford University, Ilika, Johnson Matthey In-situ bulk characterisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford University

25 Chemical control of decomposition temperature (LiK(BH 4 ) 2 ) (LiK(BH 4 ) 2 )LiBH 4 E. A. Nickels, M. O. Jones, W. I. F. David, S. R. Johnson, R. L. Lowton, M. Sommariva and P. P. EdwardsAngewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 47 1-4 (2008)

26 Renewable Energy (all Known Sources) Electricity - then electrolysis of water Hydrogen CO 2 + H 2 CO + H 2 O 2H 2 + CO (CH 2 ) n + H 2 O Hydrocarbons Store energy as hydrocarbons Transport energy as hydrocarbons Use hydrocarbons as liquid fuels Hydrocarbons + air CO 2 + water NET production of carbon dioxide in ZERO Professor Malcolm L. H. Green, Professor Peter P. Edwards Sequestered Oxford Energy Cycle

27 Principle Investigator – Ian Metcalfe (Univ. Newcastle) Research Director – John T.S. Irvine (Univ. St. Andrews) Project Manager – Martin J. Smith (Univ. St. Andrews) UK EPSRC Supergen Consortium XIV 1 st October 2008 - 2012 Delivery of Sustainable Hydrogen

28 Main focuses: Conversion of electrons, hydrocarbons and biomass-derived fuel sources into hydrogen or indirect hydrogen carriers Lower cost and improved efficiency Socio-technical impacts Technical elements: Catalytic and electrocatalytic processes Separation membranes – oxide, metal, polymer Chemical cycling & CO 2 re-use Alternative H 2 carriers – urea & NH 3 Efficient small scale liquifaction

29 Oxford: A Chemical Grand Challenge Turning CO 2 into Fuel

30 The UK Sustainable Hydrogen Energy Consortium


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