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Biodiversity perspectives from Croatia as a new Member State Dubrovnik, November 2013 Ivana Jelenić Nature Protection Directorate Biodiversity perspectives.

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Presentation on theme: "Biodiversity perspectives from Croatia as a new Member State Dubrovnik, November 2013 Ivana Jelenić Nature Protection Directorate Biodiversity perspectives."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biodiversity perspectives from Croatia as a new Member State Dubrovnik, November 2013 Ivana Jelenić Nature Protection Directorate Biodiversity perspectives from Croatia as a new Member State Dubrovnik, November 2013 Ivana Jelenić Nature Protection Directorate

2 Content of presentation Introduction Preparation of the Natura 2000 proposal in Croatia – with reference to the negotiation process in nature protection and „informal rules” Consultations on the Natura 2000 proposal Biogeographical seminar Next steps – ecological network impact assessment (ENIA) and new Nature Protection Act – Natura 2000 management – monitoring and reporting Financing Natura

3 Introduction Natura 2000 – European ecological network Habitats Directive Annex I – habitat types Annex II - species Habitats Directive Annex I – habitat types Annex II - species Birds Directive Annex I Regulary occuring migratory birds (Art. 4.2.) Birds Directive Annex I Regulary occuring migratory birds (Art. 4.2.) SCI list SPA SAC Natura 2000 BIOGEOGRAPHICAL SEMINAR National list of pSCI 6 years 3

4 Introduction 4 EU sites 17,90% (land) km 2 (sea)

5 Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia Task of the State Institute for Nature Protection (SINP) Site selection criteria: – Only scientific criteria as defined in Annex III to the Habitats Directive and, for birds, internationally accepted criteria defined by BirdLife International (IBA) – rulings of the ECJ(Case C-67/99 EC vs. Ireland, C-71/99 EC vs. Germany, C EC vs. France, etc.) – Selected sites must, by their coverage and geographical distribution, allow for long term conservation of each species/habitat type – No specific percentage is defined – the aim is to select the representative parts of distribution area of an endangered habitat type or endangered species – Each country selects proportionally to its biodiversity 5

6 Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia 1st phase: Collecting and interpreting available data with assistance of scientific institutions, experts and NGOs; GIS data - Emerald project of the CoU and 2008 ( €); LIFE III CRO-NEN project ( €) 2nd phase: Organizing and financing the field research (inventory) (State budget  5.8 mil kn) 3rd phase: Consultation process in 2008 and 2009 through the PHARE 2005 project „Institutional strengthening and implementation of the ecological network Natura 2000 in Croatia”( €) 4th phase: Further amendments to the proposal, collection of data on marine habitats and preparation of future project proposals related to monitoring and management (IPA + SFs) 6

7 Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia Emerald network National ecological network Regulation on proclamation of the ecological network (OG 109/07) 52% land, 40% sea47% land, 39% sea 7

8 Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia 780 sites = 742 pSCI + 38 SPA 36,67% land 16,39 % sea 29,38 % total 36,67% land 16,39 % sea 29,38 % total Source: SINP, September 2013 Regulation on ecologiocal network (OG 124/13) 8

9 Consultation on the N2000 proposal – 2008 and 2009 – through the PHARE 2005 project „Institutional strengthening and implementation of the ecological network Natura 2000 in Croatia” – Involvement of the spatial planning offices on local/regional level (Varaždin C., Me đ imurje C., Koprivnica-Križevci C., Virovitica-Požega C., Osijek- Baranja C. and Primorje-Gorski kotar C.) – Intensive exchange of data with forestry sector (11 meetings of the WG for defining forest areas inside N2000 in period ) – Informing stakeholders on N2000 proposal in parallel with the adoption of the new Nature Protection Act (discourses and presentations: Croatian Government, Croatian Chamber of Economy, Croatian Employers’ Association) – Internet consultation on the elements of the Proposal on the Regulation on ecological network (3 May -1 June 2013) based on the new NPA (NN 81/13) 9

10 Negotiations in nature protection Negotiation process : July 2008 – June 2011 (Chapter 27 Environment) No transitional periods, only technical adaptations of annexes to directives (HD- Annexes I, III, IV and V; BD -Annex II) ANNEXES TO DIRECTIVES DO NOT COVER NEW MEMBER STATES !!! 10

11 Negotiations in nature protection „Informal rules”: – Biogeographical regions - possible to exclude – Reference list – not a CHECK list – Things that do (not) pass: Endemic species/habitat types – difficult, but not impossible Species already present in old MS - out of question New taxonomic groups - out of question Species that were already rejected in previous enlargements Adding new species to the annexes of the BD, except on Annex II/B 11

12 Negotiations in nature protection „Informal rules”: – Things that do (not) pass: Habitat types – wise to cover most of the elements through the EU Interpretation Manual of Habitat Types „clever amendments” - habitat types listed on the HD are „widely” described and can cover distribution areas of many species that a new MS would like to add Species/habitats present in neighbouring (candidate/ accessing) countries can easily be added 12

13 Negotiations in nature protection Results of the adaptations : – 2 habitat types added to the Annex I of the HD : Sub- Mediterranean grasslands of the order Trifolio-Hordeetalia and Tufa cascades of karstic rivers – 12 endemic, endangered and/or rare species added to the Annex II of the HD : Dinaromys bogdanovi, Dinarolacerta mosorensis, *Vipera ursinii macrops, Aulopyge huegelii, Salmothymus obtusirostris, Chondrostoma knerii, Chondrostoma phoxinus, Knipowitschia croatica, Squalius svallize, Squalius microlepis, Proterebia afra dalmata, i *Degenia velebitica – 4 endemic, endangered and/or rare species added to the Annex IV of the HD : Dinaromys bogdanovi, Dalmatolacerta oxycephala, Dinarolacerta mosorensis i Degenia velebitica – 7 species of birds added to the Annex II/B of the BD: Alectoris chukar, Coturnix coturnix, Corvus corone cornix, Corvus frugilegus, Corvus monedula, Pica pica i Garrulus glandarius COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2013/17/EU of 13 May 2013 adapting certain directives in the field of environment, by reason of the accession of the Republic of Croatia (http://eur- lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:158:0193:0229:EN:PDF)http://eur- lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:158:0193:0229:EN:PDF 13

14 Biogeographical Seminar National list of pSCI – assessment in line with strictly defined criteria ( Approach: „species by species” and „habitat type by habitat type” for each biogeographical region – Present: representatives of the new MS „defending” the proposal (ministry/agency/institute + independent experts – number not limited), NGOs (number is limited), ETC/BD, EC, independent experts invited by the EC “Judgements”: – IN MAJ – new MS has reported some species on the reference list but no sites were selected in a particular biogeographical region for that species – IN MOD – more sites for a species is to be added – IN MIN – species is present on proposed sites and it will be enough to add it as a new „target feature” – SCI RES – reserve – just for a limited period of time in order to conduct additional research (BG and RO – 1 year) 14

15 Next steps By completion of the Natura 2000 work does not end but only begins… Next steps: – Appropriate assessment of plans and projects (HD- Art. 6 Para. 3 & 4) – Management of Natura 2000 (HD- Art. 6 Para. 1 – only conservation measures are obligatory, not management plans! – Monitoring and reporting (HD -Art. 11 & 17; BD-Art. 12) - on national level, for all habitat types and all species listed on directives for each biogeographical region 15

16 Appropriate assessment and new Nature Protection Act (OG 80/13) AA of projects SCREENING MAIN ASSESMENT Procedure OPI (+CM) 85-90% of projects are „screened out” in the Screening phase AA of strategies, plans or programmes 1. SPP for which the SEA or screenig for SEA is obligatory : Screening - Stand alone procedure for strategies, plans and programmes for which the SEA is obligatory OR integrated within the screening for SEA Outcome : Decision/Opinion on acceptability of SPP or Decision/Opinion on the need to carry out the Main assessment of SPP Main assessment -Need for Main assessment „triggers” the obligation to carry out the SEA! -Main assessment integrated into the SEA procedure - Outcome : Opinion on acceptability (with mitigation measures) or opinion on unacceptability 2. SPP for which SEA/screening for SEA is not obligatory, AA is carried out within the procedure of issuing the nature protection conditions and prior approval (Art of the NPA) 16

17 ENIA statistics Chart No.1 : Percentage of project requests per Screening, Main assessment and OPI&CM at the level of the Ministry in period Source: MENP, 2013

18 ENIA statistics 18 Chart No. 2: Percentage of project requests per Screening, Main assessment and OPI&CM at the level of the counties in period Source: SINP, 2013

19 Management of Natura 2000 NPA articles  Conservation measures are obligatory basic = shell be defined horizontally by ordinances for SPAs and SACs additional = can be defined, if needed, with specific management plans  Implementation of conservation measures – important role of both PIs and legal entities responsible for management of natural resources  Role of PIs in management  active role (national parks, strict/special reserves)  coordination/advisory role (in N2000 areas where other legal entities are active managers) 19

20 Management of Natura 2000 Natura 2000 management plans  not obligatory  content will be defined with Ordinance on the content of management plans for protected areas and procedure of its adoption (NPA, Art. 138) obligatory elements: analysis of the status of target features, site conservation objectives, management goals and indicators of achievement  one plan for more N2000 sites  adoption of the management plan–responsibility of the PIs 20

21 Management of Natura 2000 Project IPA 2009 Natura 2000 Management and Monitoring (NATURA MANMON) ,00 €  drafts of 6 MPs defined : Spačva (aluvial forest) – pSCI Odransko polje i Turopolje (aluvilal forests, floodplains, migratory bird species) – pSCI and SPA Rijeka Sutla (fish and mussel species) – pSCI Lokalitet Bulji (grasslands and plant species) - pSCI Lokalitet Pregon (butterfly, frog and snail species) – pSCI Snježnica i Konavosko polje (complex of Mediterranean fields and mountains) - pSCI  21

22 Monitoring and reporting  Monitoring methodology is not standardized on the EU level, only monitoring reports are defined problem for the EC in terms of analysis and comparison of monitoring results  Through the IPA 2009 NATURA MANMON project monitoring programmes were prepared for 3 for habitat types and 24 species General design of national Natura 2000 monitoring framework in Croatia was defined  Future reporting  in 2014 and derogations under the BD and HD (HaBiDes)  In 2019 – HD Art. 17 report 22

23 COHESION POLICY COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY COHESION FUND EUROPEAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUND EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUND EUROPEAN AGRICULTURAL FUND FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT COMMON FISHERIES POLICY EUROPEAN MARITIME AND FISHERIES FUND Structural funds Financing biodiversity objectives in the programming period EUROPEAN STRUCTURAL AND INVESTMENT (ESI) FUNDS European Programmes Environment and Climate Action LIFE Research and Innovation Horizon

24 EFRD - What are national priorities identified ? 1. BIODIVERSITY DATA Inventarisation and scientific research of species and habitat types of european importance and their distribution 1. BIODIVERSITY DATA Inventarisation and scientific research of species and habitat types of european importance and their distribution 4. INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES (IAS) risk assessment procedures identify and prioritise IAS and their pathways control or eradicate priority IAS species manage pathways to prevent the introduction and establishment of new IAS research activities 2. NATURA 2000 MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK develop and implement management framework for Natura 2000 areas including establishment of supporting mechanisms species’ action plans, including measures for conservation prevention of damage caused by strictly protected animals and develop and implement measures that will improve their coexistence with humans 3. MAINTANCE AND RESTORATION OF ECOSYSTEMS AND THEIR SERVICES map and assess state of ecosystem services and their economic value Restore degradaded habitats (demining) 3. MAINTANCE AND RESTORATION OF ECOSYSTEMS AND THEIR SERVICES map and assess state of ecosystem services and their economic value Restore degradaded habitats (demining) 5. EDUCATION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS ACTIVITIES education and promotion of the value of biodiversity, nature and ecosystem services Communication of Natura 2000 to general public 5. EDUCATION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS ACTIVITIES education and promotion of the value of biodiversity, nature and ecosystem services Communication of Natura 2000 to general public 6. PROTECTION AND CARE FOR STRICTLY PROTECTED SPECIES rescue centre for strictly protected animal species procedures for species recovery and programs for seized species

25 EAFRD and AES - progress till today MENP (within NIP project) component “Consulting services for Support to Agri ‐ Environment Scheme” Working group established (MENP, SINP, MA, Paying agency for Agriculture, Agricultural Advisory Service, Agricultural Land Agency, NGOs) How the priorities were selected? Expert basis (SINP) – prioritization of species and habitat types related to/ or dependent on agricultural land Draft proposal of AE measures for nature protection (May 2013)

26 National priorities identified Horizontal measures for grasslands arable land (wildflower strips) meadow orchards and traditional olive grows landscape elements (hedgerows and stone walls carp fish ponds development of nature protection plans for 100 selected farms Pilot measures for protection of particular species (corncrake and large-blue butterfly)

27 EUROPEAN TERRITORIAL CO-OPERATION CROSS-BORDER CO-OPERATION PROGRAMMES CROSS-BORDER CO-OPERATION PROGRAMMES TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMMES TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMMES INTERREGIONAL CO-OPERATION INTERREGIONAL CO-OPERATION FINANCING BIODIVERSITY OBJECTIVES IN THE PROGRAMMING PERIOD *Till now RH partners were able to participate only as project partners in IPA with a limited amount of available IPA funds In the new financial perspective (new programmes) they may apply as a leading partners in all programmes!

28 THANK YOU


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