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1 Lessons learnt from assessing eco- efficiency in the field of electric mobility STOA Lunch Debate Brussels, May 07, 2013 Rainer Zah, Quantis Peter de.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Lessons learnt from assessing eco- efficiency in the field of electric mobility STOA Lunch Debate Brussels, May 07, 2013 Rainer Zah, Quantis Peter de."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Lessons learnt from assessing eco- efficiency in the field of electric mobility STOA Lunch Debate Brussels, May 07, 2013 Rainer Zah, Quantis Peter de Haan, Ernst Basler + Partner

2 From Hype to Analysis Again and again: hoping for new mobility technologies that are sustainable without need for changing behavior: – Electric cars of the 90ies – Natural gas cars – Hybrid cars – Hydrogen cars – Electric cars of today … but emobility is not THE solution…  When is emobility part of the solution („opportunity“), when is it part of the problem („risk“)? 2

3 Scope of the study  Future development of cars, power supply and user behavior for the years 2012, 2020, 2035 und  eMobility = electric engine + >50% power from grid: H 2 -cars and hybrids are excluded 3 Combustion engine

4 Methods 4 Future development of car components (Literature study) Future development of power supply (Gov. Scenarios) Environmental impact assessment Env. Impacts of future electric cars (LCA) Emobility penetration model (ABM) Env. Impacts of Swiss fleet

5 Batteries as key factor for emobility penetration 5 range? 500km 150km energy density on battery level (Wh/kg)

6 Potential development of battery costs 6 Costs on battery level ($/kWh)

7 Methods 7 Future development of car components Future development of power supply Environmental impact assessment Env. Impacts of future electric cars Emobility penetration model Env. Impacts of Swiss fleet

8 Development of Life Cycle GHG Emissions 8 BEV ICE 80% <10% greenhouse gas emissions compact-cars (kg CO2-eq/km)

9 The role of the electricity mix BEV; certified eco-power, CH, real BEV; governmental scenario, CH, real BEV; consumer mix, CH, real BEV; natural gas power plant, EU, real BEV; consumer mix, EU, real BEV; coal power plant, EU, real ICE; EU-goal 2025, 70g/km CH, NEDC ICE; EU-goal 2025, 70g/km CH, real ICE; Canadian oil sands CH, real Greenhouse gas emissions (g CO2-eq./km) 9

10 Methods 10 Future development of car components Future development of power supply Environmental impact assessment Env. Impacts of future electric cars Emobility penetration model Env. Impacts of Swiss fleet

11 Maximum global production capacity Many forecasts are higher then the technical production capacity of electric cars! 11

12 Electric mobility will never reach 100%; Co-existence with ICE cars even after Percentage sales

13 Methods 13 Future development of car components Future development of power supply Environmental impact assessment Env. Impacts of future electric cars Emobility penetration model Env. Impacts of Swiss fleet

14 How are GHG emissions developing? Greenhouse gas emissions of the Swiss individual car fleet relative to 2012

15 Lessons learnt…  Focus on efficiency for all cars: positive impacts on all aspects. Indirect support of electric mobility. Reduces risk for wrong incentives  From mineral oil tax to road tax: start smooth transition soon. This supports also mixed mobility for long distance driving.  Focus on recycling : improve component reuse and recycling of lithium and rare metals from electeric cars.  Rebound effects: equal taxes per km. Continue with taxes for possessing a car (even a small car). 15

16 Project team Ernst Basler + Partner AG Dr. Peter de Haan, Denise Fussen, Dr. Katrin Bernath, Frank Bruns Project team EMPA Dübendorf Dr. Rainer Zah, Marcel Gauch, Dr. Hans-Jörg Althaus, Dr. Patrick Wäger, Rolf Widmer 16 free access:


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