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Reykjavik 2003 Evolving Concepts in CNS/ATM Mr. John McGraw, FAA 20 th Annual JAA/FAA International Conference Iceland, May 29-June 3, 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Reykjavik 2003 Evolving Concepts in CNS/ATM Mr. John McGraw, FAA 20 th Annual JAA/FAA International Conference Iceland, May 29-June 3, 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reykjavik 2003 Evolving Concepts in CNS/ATM Mr. John McGraw, FAA 20 th Annual JAA/FAA International Conference Iceland, May 29-June 3, 2003

2 Reykjavik 2003 Overview RTSP Concept CNS/ATM (r)Evolution COM, SUR, NAV Capstone - Implementing Change

3 Reykjavik 2003 "Performance Based" "Performance Based" Balance between Aircraft-ATS Requirements Credit for systems and capabilities Savings for ANSP - Reduced Infrastructure Requirements COM RCP NAV RNP SUR RSP ATM R TSP REQUIRED TOTAL SYSTEM PERFORMANCE

4 Reykjavik 2003 Promoting International Harmonization /ATM (r)Evolution CNS/ATM (r)Evolution Avoiding divergent paths in Communications Promoting convergence in Navigation and Surveillance Today: RNAV RNP RVSM FANS VDL 1, 2, 4 ADS-A & B ACARS Mode S, UAT

5 Reykjavik 2003 Communication ADS-B Link Decision July 1, two ADS-B Technologies –1090 Extended Squitter For high altitude airspace For airspace principally used by domestic and commercial aircraft SARPS and MOPS exist for 1090 ES –UAT GA not capable of high altitude flight If 1090ES alone cannot meet long-term goals, UAT provides a complimentary service –TIS-B on 1090 uplink Reports for non-ADS-B and UAT equipped aircraft

6 NEXCOM “Transition to Digital Communications” Analog Voice, 25 KHz Initial Datalink (VDL-2) Full Operational Evaluation & Exercise of Digital Voice and Datalink (VDL-3) Dem/Val Next 5 years VDL-2 Datalink Analog Voice 5-10 years Maintain Terminal Analog Voice Implement VDL-3 Digital Voice Expand Datalink VDL-2 Applications Enroute High Airspace National Airspace RCAG ARTCC VDL-3 Link years Expand Enroute Digital Voice (VDL-3) Initiate Terminal Digital Voice (VDL-3) Increase Datalink Capacity & Capability (VDL-2 & VDL-3) Terminal Airspace years Expand Digital Voice (VDL-3) to all domains Expand Datalink Capacity in all domains and all applications (VDL-2 & VDL-3) AFSS

7 Reykjavik 2003 Advanced Avionics Surveillance Advisory Circular Cockpit Display of Traffic Information (CDTI)Cockpit Display of Traffic Information (CDTI) Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B)Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Contract (ADS-C)Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Contract (ADS-C)

8 Reykjavik 2003  Joint Aircraft Certification and Flight Standards Advisory Circular –Provides an airworthiness to operational approval road map –Design approval guidance for appliance and installation –System safety assessment –Hazard classification and RTCA DO-178B software level –Air/Ground interoperability requirements –System validation tests –Aircraft ground and flight test –Operational approval process for applications –Operational safety assessment –Training requirements AC on Airworthiness and Operational Approval of Surveillance

9 Reykjavik 2003  Provide guidelines on the design approval of certain aircraft surveillance functions: –CDTI symbol set and human factors –TCAS II, CDTI and ADS-B target correlation –Airport Surface Situational Awareness (ASSA) –Traffic Information Service (TIS) –Integrated conflict detection systems –Surveillance display guidance for a Multiple Function Display –ADS-A position reports for oceanic/remote operations –1090 MHz data link transponders –Universal Asynchronous Transceiver data link transponders AC on Airworthiness and Operational Approval of Surveillance (cont)

10 Reykjavik 2003  January 21, 2003  April 30, 2003  December 30, 2003  March 15, 2004  May 31, 2004  July 28, 2004 Begin initial draft advisory circular Begin AIR-130/AFS 400 formal review Clearance record signoff Publish document in the Federal Register Disposition comments Published Approved AC Surveillance AC Schedule

11 ** Western Pacific/South China Sea February 2002 Implementation Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Phnom Penh, Sanya, Singapore, Taipei October 2002 Implementation Hanoi, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Ujung Pandang, Vientiane RVSM Implemented & Planned As of May 2003 Pacific 2/00 ImplementedPlanned NAT 3/97 Mid East 11/03 Asia/Europe South of Himalayas 11/ 03 Canada South 1/05 Canada North 4/02 V WATRS 11/01 CAR/SAM 2005 Europe 1/02 EUR/SAM Corridor 1/02 Domestic US 1/05 Pacific 2/00 **Western Pacific South China Sea 2/02 Australia 11/01

12 Reykjavik 2003 PROGRAM ELEMENTS Aircraft and Operators authorized by the administrator or… for non-US operators/aircraft, the appropriate authority Aircraft altimetry, autopilot, and altitude alert system modified, as necessary to RVSM standards RVSM policy and procedures incorporated into controller, pilot, and dispatch programs Air Traffic systems and programs revised

13 Reykjavik 2003 PROGRAM ELEMENTS (cont) MONITORING: Aircraft altitude keeping observed to confirm performance standards are being met Ground and airborne monitoring systems used to independently monitor aircraft performance 3-5 Aircraft Geometric Measurement Element Clusters (AGHME) are being sited SAFETY ANALYSIS: Is being conducted on accepted Collision Risk Modeling Practices (ICAO Doc v2) Completion by June 2004

14 Reykjavik 2003 RVSM CONCLUSION Implement DRVSM from FL290-FL410 in the airspace of the United States, Alaska, the Gulf of Mexico where the FAA provides air traffic services and possibly the San Juan FIR. The United States, Canada, and Mexico are planning a joint implementation of RVSM. DRVSM is proposed to be implemented on January 20, UTC.

15 Reykjavik Navigation CNS - Navigation Communication Surveillance 2005? 2003 GLS/MLS/ILSRNP Simultaneous RNP Tomorrow Done 2002 LPV/WAAS RNAV RNP Today PA; LNAV; BARO VNAV; RNAV; NPA; GPS 2010? 2015? Vertical RNP 4-D TOAC The Future 2025?

16 Reykjavik 2003 RNP for Departure and Approach Enhanced Airport Capacity, Destination Access, Safety RNP for Departure and Approach Enhanced Airport Capacity, Destination Access, Safety No “Dive and Drive” For Air Transport No “Dive and Drive” For Air Transport Safe 3-D Path to each Rwy and a safe path back out Special Procedures Capturing Performance Benefits & Promoting Safety User Driven Safety Benefits

17 Reykjavik 2003 New York Traffic Flow Proposal LaGuardia vs Kennedy

18 Example: Use of RNP Based Arrival and Departure Paths for Dynamic WX Avoidance ATM/CDM Adjusted WPs Goal: ATM/CDM Integration,Dynamic/Flexible Airspace, & System Efficiencies e.g. Weather Avoidance Performance as an Enabler

19 Reykjavik 2003 Complex procedures that match aircraft capabilities to the business case

20 Reykjavik 2003 Capstone Phase II…. Phase II –Terrain (TAWS compliant) –Traffic (CDTI using ADS-B) –Weather (AWSS, AFSS, FIS) –Flight Locating (J Hopkins U Skysource, Flt. Explorer, etc) “Usable IFR Infrastructure” –Communications ATC and AFSS –Navigation SFAR, AIM, Guidance material GPS/WAAS Avionics RNAV/GPS Route Structure –Surveillance UAT (Mops compliant ADS-B) Juneau Sitka Sitka Ketchikan Ketchikan Yakutat Investment in Safety FAA Alaska Region

21 Reykjavik 2003 Navigation: Phase II Avionics Equipment –Multi-Function and Primary Flight Displays (MFD and PFD) –Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) VFR & IFR Services –GPS+FDE/WAAS(TSO- C145/6) –Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) –Automatic Dependant Surveillance- Broadcast (ADS-B, CDTI) –Flight Information Service- Broadcast (FIS-B) –Traffic Information Service-Broadcast (TIS-B)

22 Reykjavik 2003 Chelton Certification Chelton avionics certification “before and after” University of Alaska C-172 provisional STC installation Chelton avionics certification “before and after” University of Alaska C-172 provisional STC installation

23 Reykjavik 2003 TSO-145/146 DR LegacyVOR/NDB GPS RAIM FDERAIM WAAS Layered Failure Modes TSO-145/146 Capstone TSO-129 Primary (sole) means, only radionavigation equipment required on aircraft Class I all airspace Primary (sole) means Class II oceanic and remote airspace Supplemental VFR Primary WAAS Benefit (increased access) derived from L-NAV Capability

24 Reykjavik 2003 Communications: ATC Voice 2000ft Proposed RCAG Current RCAG Comm Gaps - Coastal (Yakutat-Sitka) - Lynn Canal/Icy Bay - Stephens Passage Proposed RCAG Comm sites –Cape Spencer –Mt Rbt. Barron –Gunnuk Benefits –Direct voice communication with ATC at new RNAV route altitudes Cape Spencer Gunnuk Mt Rbt Barron

25 Navigation: RNAV Structure GUMLE CIBIX FAF 4000 ft 2500 ft JIGMI Approach/Departure RNAV Procedures RNAV/GPS MEAs on Existing Routes

26 Surveillance: ADS-B (& FIS-B) Coverage Initial 14 Ground Broadcast Transceiver (GBT) Sites Current Radar Coverage 1000 ft 3000 ft

27 Reykjavik 2003 Thoughts for Tomorrow RVSM Performance-Based Airspace System Database Integrity Electronic Flight Bag


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