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2nd Workshop 07. - 08. September, 2006 Sofia / Bulgaria Financial Instruments.

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Presentation on theme: "2nd Workshop 07. - 08. September, 2006 Sofia / Bulgaria Financial Instruments."— Presentation transcript:

1 2nd Workshop September, 2006 Sofia / Bulgaria Financial Instruments

2 Examples of Financial Instruments – Federal Level: -Subsidy / Loan Programmes of KfW -BAFA – creating market incentives for usage of RES through lump-sum allowances -Eco-Tax on fossil fuels, electricity and heat -Renewable Energy Sources Act /EEG/: feed-in tariff for photovoltaic power plants -Fed. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection: funding programme for R&D on renewable energy Financial Instruments

3 Financial Instruments – Berlin: 1.Environmental Mitigation Programme (UEP) 2.Energy Saving Partnership 3.Solar Power Roof Initiative 4. Citizens Solar Facility Berlin (Bürger Solaranlage) Financial Instruments

4 1. Environmental Mitigation Programme (UEP) Environmental Mitigation Programme (UEP) is Berlin's most important funding programme to promote environmental change within the city.  running since 2000  funding of measures for the improvement of the env. situation of Berlin  aim: to accelerate the ecological structural change, to accomplish long-term improvements in the quality of life and the environment, and to integrate the use of innovative environmental technologies in Berlin.  Funds provided by Senate State Department for Urban Development base on recommendations of B.&S.U. acting as implementing agency

5 1. Environmental Mitigation Programme (UEP) UEP financed through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and Berlin State Main areas of supportMax. rate of support Business investment projects(30 – 40%) R&D projects(30 – 65%) Environmental management systems Socio-ecological urban development (max. 90% if public sector/ non-profit measures) Measures promoting the maintenance and extension of nature protection Environmental relief infrastructure projects(max. 90% if public sector/ non-profit)

6 1. Environmental Mitigation Programme (UEP) Results: Total volume: 125 Mil €(thereof 80 Mil € ERDF contribution); to date 84 Mil. 350 project expect to be funded until 2008, at the moment 324 projects 45 Kindergartens, 57 schools, 14 facilities for youngsters CO2 reduction = t/a Savings on primary energy = MWh/a

7 1. Environmental Mitigation Programme (UEP) Example: SULFURCELL offers highly innovative PV solar modules based on the absorber material copper-indium sulfide (CIS) and are characterised by a high electricity yield - even at elevated temperatures or under partial shading. Financing of Sulfurcell includes public funds granted by the federal state of Berlin contributing to 45% of the overall investments of the Sulfurcell's R&D phase. Funding is part of the Environmental Mitigation Programme which is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

8 Instrument developed in Berlin by Berliner Energieagentur GmbH and Unit of Climate Protection of Department of Urban Development, City of Berlin Aim: Reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions and costs for public authorities Situation: State of Berlin enacted energy concept in 1995 with the obligation to reduce CO2 emissions by 25 % until 2010 Idea: Financing investments by Private – Public Partnership Investments into new energy related equipment of public buildings and maintenance financed by private investors 2. Energy Saving Partnership (ESP)

9 Project philosophy Building pools with different users (schools, office buildings, kindergartens, swimming pools, universities, nursing homes etc.) Mix of high profitable with less profitable buildings Investors get financed with the savings Berlin gets a fixed share of the savings Share of additional savings Installed plants become property of Berlin The contractor has to maintain all devices

10 2. Energy Saving Partnership (ESP) Building Pool City of Berlin Energy- Saving- Partner Energy Supplier Construction maintenance Energy saving measures; Technical maintenance Natural gas District Heating Co-ordination, Agreement covering Supply and Technology OilPower Payment Guaranteed savings Payment

11 2. Energy Saving Partnership (ESP)

12 Typical Measures Modernising existing plants like boilers, pumps, motors; heat insulation of equipment; CHP Demand-controlled plant optimisation and performance adjustment Switch of energy source Adjusting the temperature spread in the heating system Installing heat recovery equipment Optimisation of air-handling system Replacement of old fashioned light bulbs by energy saving light bulbs Measures to decrease water consumption Creating energy savings by change of behaviour 2. Energy Saving Partnership (ESP)

13 Benefits Guaranteed energy cost savings during the entire contract period Immediate share of cost savings between public authority and contractor Guaranteed reduction of CO2 emissions No in-house investments One responsible contact agency for all measures for the public authority Achieving environmental & political goals Overcoming financial barriers caused by financial situation of the City of Berlin 2. Energy Saving Partnership (ESP)

14 Results 19 building pools with public buildings So far 60 Mil € invested by private contractors (incl. maintenance costs) Energy costs cut by 25% in public buildings Share of savings for Berlin = 20 Mil € Accumulated CO2-reduction t/a Perspective: Energy Saving Partners Plus – including building and construction measures Focus on new customers as industry, trade, hospitals, office buildings and housing industry New field: ESP for street lighting

15 Instrument developed in Berlin by employees of the Unit of Climate Protection of Department of Urban Development, City of Berlin and different City District Administrations Aim: increasing the use of renewable energy sources and reduction of CO2-emission; encouraging decentralized energy supply Situation: State of Berlin enacted energy concept in 1995 with the obligation to reduce CO2 emissions by 25 % until 2010 Idea: Private – Public Partnership Financing the investments by private investors Supply of roofs by public authorities Very low leasehold (1-3% of feed-in tariff) and contract time for many years 3. Solar Roof Initiative

16 Berlin Energy Program : Share of renewable energies should be doubled Since 2002 no financial encouragement from Berlin for solar energy plants Berlin’s Government Coalition made an agreement in 2002 to offer roofs of public buildings to install solar power plants Solar Roof Initiative relies on private investors Berlin’s target with new State Energy Programme to raise solar energy to 10 MWp power at all.

17 3. Solar Roof Initiative Initial problems e.g. Berlin Senate + districts – lack of experience with new technology, liability and insurance of new plants Investors: static’s, roof reparations, debt guarantees for banks Objective trouble: lower solar radiation, EEG law uncertainty 2004 renewal of Renewable Energy Sources Act /EEG/: feed-in tariff for photovoltaic power plants, PV more attractive for investors New start of the Solar Roof Initiative 2004 via Internet

18 3. Solar Roof Initiative Results  Offer: 73 public roofs with > m2  10 contracts for 12 public buildings  721 kWp under contract  5 plants installed (122 kWp)

19 3. Solar Roof Initiative Freizeit- und Erholungszentrum Wuhlheide StandortAn der Wuhlheide 197, Berlin StadtplanStadtplan Flach-/Schrägdach [°]Flachdach nutzbare Dachfläche [m²]ca verschattungsfreija BemerkungEine Miteinrichtung von Solar-Thermischen Anlagen ist von Interesse für die Schwimmhalle Erwartet wird eine Informationseinrichtung für die Besucher GebäudeeigentümerSenatsverwaltung für Bildung, Jugend und Sport AbteilungIII, Jugend und Familie AdresseBeuthstr. 6-8; Berlin AnsprechpartnerHerr Trutz/Frau Hahn ZeichenIII E 13 AdresseAn der Wuhlheide 205, Berlin Telefon / 419 Telefax umwelt/klimaschutz/solardachboerse/i ndex.shtml

20 Citizens Solar Facility (Bürger Solaranlagen) Berlin Instrument developed in Berlin by Citizens respective the association for solar energy – Solar Group e.V. Aim: increasing the use of renewable energy sources and reduction of CO2-emission, encouraging decentralized energy supply Situation: State of Berlin enacted energy concept in 1995 with the obligation to reduce CO2 emissions by 25 % until 2010 Idea: Private – Private Partnership Financing the investments by private investors Supply of roofs by private or public authorities No leasehold for using the roof and contract time for many years 4. Citizens Solar Facility Berlin

21 -Concept: Environmentally conscious citizens get together, invest in one or more shares of a community solar facility according to their financial possibilities and start a civil law association (GbR). -minimum contribution 500 € for 20 years - Results: so far 4 Citizens Solar Facilities in Berlin + 3 in Brandenburg 4. Citizens Solar Facility Berlin

22 Example of a citizens’ solar facility in Berlin on the roof of High School for Technical Computer Science – Berlin Spandau: Size: 30 kWp Expected electricity production: ca. 25,500 to 30,000 kWh per year Expected return: ca. € 14,500 to € per year On-line inception date: 6 Dec 2004 Managing group: „Bürger-Solar Berlin 3 GbR“ (Civil Law Association - Citizens’ Solar Berlin 3) Investment: € from 46 share holders, minimum investment €500, maximum allowable investment € Financing: € in shares, € loan from the Umweltbank

23 4. Citizens Solar Facility Berlin Citizens’ solar facility in Berlin on the roof of High School for Technical Computer Science – Berlin Spandau:

24 Website: Citizens Solar Facility Berlin 4. Citizens Solar Facility Berlin

25 Important Websites ml


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