Presentation on theme: "Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision First steps towards the revised Territorial Agenda Géza SALAMIN head of department Judit RICZ, Ádám RADVÁNSZKI."— Presentation transcript:
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision First steps towards the revised Territorial Agenda Géza SALAMIN head of department Judit RICZ, Ádám RADVÁNSZKI senior planers TA-TSP Drafting Team Váti Nonprofit Ltd. ESPON Seminar Alcala, June 2010
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Territorial Agenda - Revision 2011 Bacground: Agreed at the Informal ministerial meeting in Leipzig, May 2007 Territorial State and Perspectives of the EU (TSP) – evidence base for policy making, relied dominantly on the available ESPON results Revision was explicitly stated in TA, Responsible: Hungarian Presidency Hungary has underataken the coordination of update of the TSP too The approach: Evidence-based (update of the TSP) Evaluation of experiences and changing context Wide professional partnership
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision TA-TSP Working Group Members delegated from: Lead by Hungarian Ministry for National Development Belgium Cyprus Czech Republic France Germany Greece Italy Latvia Luxemburg Norway Poland Portugal Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland ESPON CU EC DG REGIO
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision The Drafting Team Co-ordinated by Váti -Hungary HU Géza Salamin (HU) PL Jacek Zaucha (PL) SE, FI, NO Ole Damsgaard (SE, FI, NO) HU Iván Illés (HU) CZ Marek Jetmar (CZ) PL Tomasz Komornicki (PL) ES Isidro Lopez (ES) HU Ádám Radvánszki (HU) DE Peter Schön (DE) DE Volker Schmidt-Seiwert (DE) CH Silvia Jost (CH) HU Zsuzsanna Drahos (HU) BE Liesl Vanautgaerden (BE) BE Philippe Doucet (BE) HU VÁTI support team (HU): Márton Péti, Judit Ricz, Attila Sütő, Ágnes Somfai, Kyra Tomay, Réka Prokai,
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Components of TA revision beyond the TSP update Evaluation of the challenges and priorities: Relevance of the content of TA2007 to the current situations (based on TSP results) External coherence of the document with the changing policy context TA assessment exercise by DT and WG experts Experiences with the implementation of TA: review of existing reports, documents member state questionnaire survey review of implementation actions explicitly named in Ch. IV. of the TA
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision TSP BACKGROUND ANALYSIS Mid 2009 TSP DRAFTING 3rd quarter4th quarter1st quarter2nd quarter3rd quarter4th quarter1st quarter TA EVALUATION TA WORDING DISCUSSION, DIALOGUE DTM6 DTM5 DTM4 DTM3 DTM2 WG1 WG2 WG3 WG4 PARTNERSHIP – DISCUSSION WG4 DTM6 Draftint team meetings Working group meetings DTM2
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Milestones Scoping document for the update of TSP and revision of TA (Director General meeting of MS-s)May st Progress report to the NTCCP MeetingMarch Scoping document for the review of the TA for the Director General meetingMay 2010 Draft TSP2011 and the first draft of the revised TA presented to the NTCCPOctober 2010 Drafts of the revised TA and the TSP2011 presented to DGsEnd of November 2010 Draft final updated TSP and draft final revised TA (NTCCP)February 2011 Final updated TSP and final revised TA (DG meeting)March 2011 Final TSP2011 and final TA2011 (Informal Ministerial meeting)May 2011
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Motivations of revision: New challenges Recent trends with significant influence on the EU territory in line with results of TSP update Economic and financial crisis Growing complexity of demographic and social issues, including cultural aspects Increasing attention and changing approach to climate change Higher volatility of food and energy prices and challenges of energy security Aspects of an enlarged EU territory Major global and local-regional responses
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Motivations of revision: Changing policy context Most important milestones: Lisbon Treaty: territorial cohesion as third objective of EU Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion: ‘Turning territorial diversity into strength’ and following discussion on TC (Kiruna conference) Discussions on the future of Cohesion Policy (Barca Report, etc.) EU 2020 and recovery packages of the EU Revised EU Sustainable Development Strategy Permanent strategic watch of policy developments is needed +ESPON Synthesis Report is coming in autumn 2010
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision EU 2020 – A European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth EU2020 Strategy does NOT include any section specifically dedicated to territorial issues BUT it has a few (rather randomly placed) territorial references, e.g.: –urban and rural development, –cross-border cooperation, –EU in the world, etc. AND it definitively will have considerable implications for European territorial development. EU 2020 and the TA could (should) cross-fertilise. The three priorities of EU 2020 are as follows: “– Smart growth: developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation. – Sustainable growth: promoting a more resource efficient, greener and more competitive economy. – Inclusive growth: fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion.”
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Barca report (2009): AN AGENDA FOR A REFORMED COHESION POLICY The Barca Report on future cohesion policy emphasizes the need for a place-based approach in a reformed cohesion policy. Its keywords are: multi-level governance, concentration of priorities and resources, accountability, orientating grants to results, etc. The following priorities are explicitly mentioned in the Barca report:
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Review of EU Sustainable Development Strategy Renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy (2006) is an important policy framework document covering mutually supportive thematic objectives: environmental protection, economic prosperity, social cohesion and global responsibility. Mainstreaming of sustainable development, an overarching and long-term goal of the EU into EU policies (COM, 2009): Review of the EU SDS responding to new challenges like financial and economic crisis The EU SDS does NOT include any section espec. dedicated to territorial issues BUT some territorial indications are explicitly mentioned, e.g.: urban transport, employment opportunities in rural areas, etc. The EU SDS being as holistic as it is, has implications basicly to all TA challenges and priorities 7 cross-cutting challenges in EU SDS: 1.Climate change and clean energy 2.Sustainable transport 3.Sustainable consumption and production 4.Management of natural resources 5.Public health 6.Social inclusion, demography and migration 7.Global poverty The EU SDS includes three further horizontal policy issues: 1.Education and training 2.Research and development 3.Financing and economic instruments
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Main findings of the report of the Swedish presidency on the realization of the First Action Programme need for strengthening coordination greater emphasis on delivery mechanisms and governance aspects more visibility and awareness raising better communication towards the wider public including all stakeholders permanent strategic dialogue on EU, national and subnational level cross-cutting all sectors for a successful territorialisation of EU policy making. more focused approach in revised TA main target groups have to be clearly addressed
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision TAassessment – expert exercise TA assessment – expert exercise IMPLEMENTATION –determination of main addressees –clear messages for sectoral policies –increased role for territorial coordination most challenges and priorities defined in the TA2007 are still valid however their content needs slight modification, more focusing New CHALLENGES (e.g.) effects of global economic and financial crisis; vulnerable local economies and communities; growing peripherality and discrepancies within EU; rural and depopulating areas Ideas for new PRIORITIES (e.g.) shrinking regions and unbalanced demography; diversity and utilization of rural territories local responses and local, regional systems
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Member state example Hungarian Efforts Efforts towards horizontal aspects of territorial cohesion: Policy: National concept in line with territorial cohesion Knowledge creation: territorial monitoring, evaluation system Programmes: horizontal objective in the NSRF 2013 Projects: criteria of selection of projects to be supported Methodology, awareness raising: FGM_VATI_2010.pdf
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Evidences: Using ESPON projects to the revision of the TSP TSP ChaptersESPON 2013 projects ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE, DIVERSITY, DISPARITIES AND DYNAMICS Europe In the Globalized World METROBORDER, ESPON CLIMATE, DEMIFER Growth and Innovation – Recovery from the Economic Crisis CAEE, SURE Transport, Accessibility TIPTAP Climate Change ESPON CLIMATE Energy ReRISK Nature, Environment and Risk Management ESPON CLIMATE Culture Social Cohesion, Demography DEMIFER Cross-Border and Broader Neighbourhood METROBORDER Territorial Structures and Challenges EDORA, TeDi, Typology Compilation, SS-LR, EUROISLANDS, METROBORDER
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision TSP Chapters ESPON 2013 projects EU POLICIES AND THEIR IMPACT ON TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT EU Policies and their Impact Regional (Structural and Cohesion) Policies Common Agricultural Policy (especially the second pillar in the scope of development of the rural areas) TIPTAP, EDORA Energy and Transport Policy ReRISK Environmental Policy ESPON CLIMATE Economic Policy (Competition, R&D policy, EU 2020) Integrated maritime policy Strategy for Sustainable Development Fishery policy European Urban Development Policy FOCI, METROBORDER Social Policy DEMIFER Addressing the Territorial Impact of EU Policies TIPTAP + ESPON database, maps + Synthesis Report 2010 Autumn Contacting lead partners of most relevant projects
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Scoping towards TA 2011 Compass function: –Orienting cohesion policy –Orinentation and co-ordination for member states –Recommendations for EU policies –Clear understanding of territorial matters Actors, competences, resources: –Extended ownership (role of EC, European institutions, governments of member states, etc.) –Partnership with „non-territorial” actors –Strengthening role of MS-s and regions in strengthening territorial cohesion - legitimate actors –Encourage own activities of the member states Character: –Conceptual vs. more tangible ? –More on HOW to put into practice (principles, mechanisms, defining further tasks to develop methodologies, etc.) –More systematic activities to propose –Follow up, monitoring
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Understanding the notion of territorial cohesion Included in the Lisbon treaty N ew paradigm, replacing convergence oriented approach of territorial policy in many countries Hard to understand, ( regional disparities vs. entire territoriality as such) Risk of loosing focus – no common understanding Need for clear common territorial priorites
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Levels of understanding and implementation EU Member states Regions – local authorities If it is about better territorial state: Who has more competence to support territorial cohesion?
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision –Horizontal understanding: Territoriality should be taken into account in every situation Territorial capital Territorial co-ordination Mechanisms –Understanding the space: Identifying and forming territorial structures Territorial structure of sectors/themes Territorial structure of development, potentials of development – sysnthetic types Institutional territorial structures Understanding of territorial cohesion Two sides of the coin „Territorial cohesion/planning is not about money”
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Territories Quantitative term: Giving priority, more resoruces to certain territories Key question: – Who gets support (money), How much? Qualitative term: differences of spaces, specific solutions. –Every place is part of one or more type –There are no more and less important types of territories Key question: How and what to do in a certain spaces!
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Good progress in horizontal realization of territorial cohesion Creation of territorial knowledge:- ESPON, Cohesion reports, etc. Mechanism: Territorial Impact Assesment Coordination, dialogues: –NTCCP, –TCUM and its WGs –Green Paper discussion –COM Interservice group Activities of the 1st Action Programme of the TA Efforts of presidencies so far (DE, PO, SLO, FR, CZ, SE, ES) Instruments: European Terrotorial Cooperation Notions: Territorial capital (TA, Green Paper on TC) Place based approach (Barca report)
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Theoretical models?
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Regions with special geographic characteristics sparsely populated territories – northernmost areas cross-border areas mountains, coastal zones islands river basins, lakesides, protected areas (ecologically, culturally, tourism or recreation areas) Etc. Unbalanced: coastal regions – landlocked regions mountain regions – plain regions Other handicaps? – e.g. territorrially determined segregation Lisbon treaty (Article 174):.. particular attention shall be paid to rural areas, areas affected by industrial transition, and regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps such as: - northernmost, very low population density - island - cross-border - and mountain regions...
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision North: -cold climate and post-glacial landscape - rich in natural resources (water energy, forests, ores, fishery, etc.), clear environment -knowledge economy, solid human capital, competitive and innovative - ahead in R&D intensity & information society -Plenty of space: remote sparsely populated areas - Climate change brings more precipitation South: - climate change makes more vulnerable: growing water scarcity, agriculture, potential desertification, - economy suffers from the large share of low added value activities - net migration has changed to positive - weaknesses in labour force qualifications - low employment rates East: -capital regions: driving forces but development is spreading slowly & unequally -Smaller ecological footprint of the society - unfavourable demographic changes - remains handicapped regarding transport and ICT infrastructure - delayed suburbanization, a boom of urban sprawl - several vulnerable rural peripheries in crisis -Socialist heritage West: - Core: concentration of functions of global/European importance - developed transport networks, multimodal accessibility - high level of GDP/capita and household incomes - highly urbanized area; high pop. density, related environmental problems (urban sprawl) - positive population changes (immigrants) Regional synthesis: Main geographical regions
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Northern Periphery Baltic SeaNorth West Europe North SeaAtlantic CoastAlpine Space Central EuropeSouth West Europe Mediterranean South East Europe Caribbean Area Acores-Madeira- Canarias (Macaronesia) Indian Ocean Area Transnational programmes under the European Territorial Cooperation Objective + European Danube Strategy + Baltic Sea Strategy - Political character - Spaces of cooperation with specific profiles Spaces of transnational cooperation
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Partnership Drafting team: delegated from 10 member states Working group: 16 member states +ESPON, +EC Network of Territorial Cohesion related Contact Points (NTCCP) Director General meetings Dialogue with professionals Co-operation with ESPON CU and TPG-s Consultation from the autumn of 2010
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Partnership Upcoming and recent events DatePlaceEventTarget group Madrid, ESNTCCP meetingNTCCPs Sevilla, ESDG meetingDGs Bonn, DETA WorkshopRegional stakeholders, professionals Pécs, HURSA conferenceResearchers Alcala, ESESPON Open SeminarResearchers, stakeholders Namur, BETA ConferenceEU Sector policies BrusselsGlobal challenges in polycentric regions – what role for strategic spatial planning? Experts, planners, academics Namur, BENTCCP meetingNTCCPs Liége, BEESPON Internal SeminarResearchers, stakeholders WarszawaVASAB Annual conferenceLocal, regional stakeholders
Salamin – Radvánszki – Ricz: TA Revision Thank you for attention!