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0 Transition from JAA to EASA
Gert Litterscheidt Maintenance Director

1 Contents of the Presentation
Co-operation on Safety Regulations in Europe: Today: The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) Future: The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Considerations Transition activities

2 JAA EASA Should start in August 2003
Started in 1969 Status: - Co-operative body for aviation safety - No delegation of legal powers Legal Framework: - Cyprus Arrangement (1990): legally non-binding; “best endeavour” - EU Regulation 3922/91 (1991): binding but for 15 member States Should start in August 2003 Status: (See art 12 of regulation) European Union Agency Legal personality Implementing powers conferred to it by the Regulation Legal framework: European Union Regulation to be adopted through a co-decision process in August 2002

3 JAA EASA High uniform level of safety Cost-effective system
Objectives: High uniform level of safety Cost-effective system Contribute to free circulation Promote the JAA system worldwide Objectives: (Art 2 of the Regulation) Principal Objective: High uniform level of safety Additional Objectives: High uniform level of environmental protection Facilitate free movement Promote cost-efficiency Assist MS in fulfilling their obligations under Chicago Convention Promote Community views on aviation safety standards worldwide

4 JAA EASA Membership: Scope: Membership: Scope: (See art 1; 7 and 56)
36 Member Authorities Pre-requisite for membership: European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) membership Concept of full / candidate members Scope: Design and Manufacture; operation and maintenance of aircraft Licensing of aviation personnel Aircraft noise and emission Membership: 15 EU Members States (MS) May be open to European Third countries (See art 55 of the Regulation) Scope: (See art 1; 7 and 56) Design, manufacture and continued airworthiness including maintenance of aircraft from August 2003 all products and parts “under” EASA 42 months later Operations and Flight Crew Licensing August 2004

5 JAA EASA Functions: Functions of the Agency: (Art 12)
To develop and adopt ‘Joint Aviation Requirements’ (JAR). NOTE: to become binding JARs need to be transposed into National or EU legislation Functions of the Agency: (Art 12) - To adopt Certification Specifications (e.g. JAR-25) and guidance material (See art 13) - To issue Opinions (e.g. recommendation) for higher level texts (i.e implementing rules; essential requirements, basic principles) to be adopted by the Commission or the Legislator i.e Parliament and Council (See art 13)

6 JAA EASA Functions: Recommend issuance of National Type Certificates
To Jointly implement the JARs using ‘Joint Implementation Procedures’ (JIP) for standardisation To establish procedures for Joint Certification (Multinational and Local) Recommend issuance of National Type Certificates Functions of the agency: To issue: (See art 15 of regulation) Type Certificate for aircraft Certification for parts and appliances Environmental certificates Design Organisation Approvals Outside MS territories, Maintenance and Production Organisation Approvals If requested by MS, Production Organisation Approvals inside MS .

7 JAA EASA Functions: Functions of the agency:
(See Art 16 of the Regulation) To assist the Commission by conducting standardisation inspections of MS in particular in relation to: Production and Maintenance Organisations Approvals; Release to Service Personnel Certification; Maintenance training Organisation Approvals

8 JAA EASA Functions: Functions of the Agency:
Harmonise with FAA and others Co-operate with FAA and Others on the Certification of Products and Services To co-operate with EUROCONTROL through Agreement of Co-operation Co-operate with Standardisation Bodies such as EUROCAE, CEN/CENELEC/ETSI and SAE Functions of the Agency: (See art 18 of the regulation) To assist the Community and MS in their relations with third Countries To cooperate with other Authorities and international organisations To assist MS to respect their international obligations

9 JAA EASA List of Texts: List of Texts: Joint Aviation Requirements
Temporary Guidance Joint Implementation Procedures List of Texts: Important note: The EASA structure of texts is different from JARs There is a need to take the JAA texts and put them at their right place in the EASA hierarchy of texts

10 JAA EASA List of Texts: List of Texts:
(see art 4;5;6;7;14;16;24;43;44;54 and Annex 1) Applicability and Basic principles Essential requirements Implementing rules Certification Specifications including airworthiness codes and means of compliance Guidance Working methods

11 Status of EASA texts Applicability; basic principles and Essential requirements: Binding; adopted by the legislator under co-decision Implementing rules: Binding; adopted by the Commission under Comitology Certification Specification, AMC’s, guidance: non-binding; adopted by the agency. Working methods of the agency: binding for the agency; adopted by the Management board

12 JAA EASA Mutual recognition policy: Mutual recognition policy:
JAR + JIP + Full Member + satisfactory standardisation results Mutual recognition policy: (See art 8 of the Regulation) “certificates” issued in accordance to EASA Regulation must be recognised by Member States.

13 JAA EASA Organisation: Organisation:
Governing body: JAAC and JAAB consulting an IPAP (Interested Parties Advisory Panel) Executive: Central JAA and Sectorial Teams Teams and Groups Organisation: Management Board consulting an IPAP(See art 24 to 28) Independent Executive Director, Directors and staff (See art 20;29 and 30) Note: Structure of the Agency is still TBD.

14 Considerations SMOOTH TRANSITION FROM JAA TO EASA IS A CHALLENGE THAT REQUIRES GOOD CO-OPERATION: Transition Activities have been defined. (See Next part of the presentation) SOME ISSUES: Preparation of all necessary texts and working methods; transfer of tasks; participation of European Third Countries; Co-operation with other Authorities and Organisations JAA IS COMMITTED TO SMOOTH TRANSITION and at the same time to MAINTAIN SAFETY and SECURITY

15 Transition Activities
Essential Requirements, Implementing rules, Certification Specifications and other texts: Concept of Core Groups is set-up by DG-TREN and JAAC Organisation, working methods of the Agency: Consultant tasked by DG-TREN Impact of EASA on JAA: JAA and EU/ECAC/JAA Task force European Third countries association process and legal aspects of Bilateral agreements: EU

16 Core Groups Concept 11 Core groups to be set-up:
Essential requirements: 1. Operations; 2. Licensing Implementing rules: 3. IR 21, 4. IR 34&36, 5. IR 39, 6. IR M, 7. IR 145, 8. IR 66&147.

17 Core Groups Concept 11 Core groups to be set-up (continued):
Certification specifications: 9. aircraft and parts and appliances; 10. Engine, Propellers and APUs 11. Regulations interactions.

18 Core Groups concept Some highlights of the guidance:
Essential requirements: “definition” Top down approach Other texts; Basically adapt current JAA-texts into EASA legal framework Implementing rules: technical requirements and Administrative procedures

19 Core Group Concept Some highlights of guidance:
Deliverables: early drafts that will be processed throught the future EASA consultation and validation process The NPA system is not mandatory Sectorial Teams kept informed and their inputs will be considered. Composition of Core Groups: normally 4 to 6 JAA-NAA experts.

20 CJAA involvement in Consultant activities
On the following topics: Potential Structure of the Agency Advisory Body of Interested Panel Communication and Publication Strategy Rule-making Enforcement Standardisation

21 CJAA involvement in Consultant activities
On the following topics: Certification of people and organisations Certification of products Training and development Transition and Implementation.

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