Presentation on theme: "Contents of the Presentation"— Presentation transcript:
0 Transition from JAA to EASA Gert LitterscheidtMaintenance Director
1 Contents of the Presentation Co-operation on Safety Regulations in Europe:Today: The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA)Future: The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)ConsiderationsTransition activities
2 JAA EASA Should start in August 2003 Started in 1969Status:- Co-operative body for aviation safety- No delegation of legal powersLegal Framework:- Cyprus Arrangement (1990): legally non-binding; “best endeavour”- EU Regulation 3922/91 (1991):binding but for 15 member StatesShould start in August 2003Status: (See art 12 of regulation)European Union AgencyLegal personalityImplementing powers conferred to it by the RegulationLegal framework:European Union Regulation to be adopted through a co-decision process in August 2002
3 JAA EASA High uniform level of safety Cost-effective system Objectives:High uniform level of safetyCost-effective systemContribute to free circulationPromote the JAA system worldwideObjectives: (Art 2 of the Regulation)Principal Objective: High uniform level of safetyAdditional Objectives:High uniform level of environmental protectionFacilitate free movementPromote cost-efficiencyAssist MS in fulfilling their obligations under Chicago ConventionPromote Community views on aviation safety standards worldwide
4 JAA EASA Membership: Scope: Membership: Scope: (See art 1; 7 and 56) 36 Member AuthoritiesPre-requisite for membership: European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) membershipConcept of full / candidate membersScope:Design and Manufacture; operation and maintenance of aircraftLicensing of aviation personnelAircraft noise and emissionMembership:15 EU Members States (MS)May be open to European Third countries (See art 55 of the Regulation)Scope: (See art 1; 7 and 56)Design, manufacture and continued airworthiness including maintenance of aircraft from August 2003all products and parts “under” EASA 42 months laterOperations and Flight Crew Licensing August 2004
5 JAA EASA Functions: Functions of the Agency: (Art 12) To develop and adopt ‘Joint Aviation Requirements’ (JAR).NOTE: to become binding JARs need to be transposed into National or EU legislationFunctions of the Agency: (Art 12)- To adopt Certification Specifications (e.g. JAR-25) and guidance material (See art 13)- To issue Opinions (e.g. recommendation) for higher level texts (i.e implementing rules; essential requirements, basic principles) to be adopted by the Commission or the Legislator i.e Parliament and Council (See art 13)
6 JAA EASA Functions: Recommend issuance of National Type Certificates To Jointly implement the JARs using ‘Joint Implementation Procedures’ (JIP) for standardisationTo establish procedures for Joint Certification (Multinational and Local)Recommend issuance of National Type CertificatesFunctions of the agency:To issue: (See art 15 of regulation)Type Certificate for aircraftCertification for parts and appliancesEnvironmental certificatesDesign Organisation ApprovalsOutside MS territories, Maintenance and Production Organisation ApprovalsIf requested by MS, Production Organisation Approvals inside MS .
7 JAA EASA Functions: Functions of the agency: (See Art 16 of the Regulation)To assist the Commission by conducting standardisation inspections of MS in particular in relation to:Production and Maintenance Organisations Approvals;Release to Service Personnel Certification;Maintenance training Organisation Approvals
8 JAA EASA Functions: Functions of the Agency: Harmonise with FAA and othersCo-operate with FAA and Others on the Certification of Products and ServicesTo co-operate with EUROCONTROL through Agreement of Co-operationCo-operate with Standardisation Bodies such as EUROCAE, CEN/CENELEC/ETSI and SAEFunctions of the Agency:(See art 18 of the regulation)To assist the Community and MS in their relations with third CountriesTo cooperate with other Authorities and international organisationsTo assist MS to respect their international obligations
9 JAA EASA List of Texts: List of Texts: Joint Aviation Requirements Temporary GuidanceJoint Implementation ProceduresList of Texts:Important note: The EASA structure of texts is different from JARsThere is a need to take the JAA texts and put them at their right place in the EASA hierarchy of texts
10 JAA EASA List of Texts: List of Texts: (see art 4;5;6;7;14;16;24;43;44;54 and Annex 1)Applicability and Basic principlesEssential requirementsImplementing rulesCertification Specifications including airworthiness codes and means of complianceGuidanceWorking methods
11 Status of EASA textsApplicability; basic principles and Essential requirements: Binding; adopted by the legislator under co-decisionImplementing rules: Binding; adopted by the Commission under ComitologyCertification Specification, AMC’s, guidance: non-binding; adopted by the agency.Working methods of the agency: binding for the agency; adopted by the Management board
12 JAA EASA Mutual recognition policy: Mutual recognition policy: JAR + JIP + Full Member + satisfactory standardisation resultsMutual recognition policy:(See art 8 of the Regulation)“certificates” issued in accordance to EASA Regulation must be recognised by Member States.
13 JAA EASA Organisation: Organisation: Governing body: JAAC and JAAB consulting an IPAP (Interested Parties Advisory Panel)Executive: Central JAA and Sectorial TeamsTeams and GroupsOrganisation:Management Board consulting an IPAP(See art 24 to 28)Independent Executive Director, Directors and staff (See art 20;29 and 30)Note: Structure of the Agency is still TBD.
14 ConsiderationsSMOOTH TRANSITION FROM JAA TO EASA IS A CHALLENGE THAT REQUIRES GOOD CO-OPERATION:Transition Activities have been defined. (See Next part of the presentation)SOME ISSUES: Preparation of all necessary texts and working methods; transfer of tasks; participation of European Third Countries; Co-operation with other Authorities and OrganisationsJAA IS COMMITTED TO SMOOTH TRANSITION and at the same time to MAINTAIN SAFETY and SECURITY
15 Transition Activities Essential Requirements, Implementing rules, Certification Specifications and other texts:Concept of Core Groups is set-up by DG-TREN and JAACOrganisation, working methods of the Agency:Consultant tasked by DG-TRENImpact of EASA on JAA:JAA and EU/ECAC/JAA Task forceEuropean Third countries association process and legal aspects of Bilateral agreements:EU
16 Core Groups Concept 11 Core groups to be set-up: Essential requirements:1. Operations;2. LicensingImplementing rules:3. IR 21,4. IR 34&36,5. IR 39,6. IR M,7. IR 145,8. IR 66&147.
17 Core Groups Concept 11 Core groups to be set-up (continued): Certification specifications:9. aircraft and parts and appliances;10. Engine, Propellers and APUs11. Regulations interactions.
18 Core Groups concept Some highlights of the guidance: Essential requirements:“definition”Top down approachOther texts;Basically adapt current JAA-texts into EASA legal frameworkImplementing rules: technical requirements and Administrative procedures
19 Core Group Concept Some highlights of guidance: Deliverables: early drafts that will be processed throught the future EASA consultation and validation processThe NPA system is not mandatorySectorial Teams kept informed and their inputs will be considered.Composition of Core Groups: normally 4 to 6 JAA-NAA experts.
20 CJAA involvement in Consultant activities On the following topics:Potential Structure of the AgencyAdvisory Body of Interested PanelCommunication and Publication StrategyRule-makingEnforcementStandardisation
21 CJAA involvement in Consultant activities On the following topics:Certification of people and organisationsCertification of productsTraining and developmentTransition and Implementation.