3Overview of the MarineTT Initiative AquaTT Scientific Project Officer Dr. Gill MarmelsteinAquaTT Scientific Project OfficerRAC Coordination Meeting – Brussels 21st February 2012
4MarineTT – In BriefType of Funding Scheme: Coordination and Support Action (supporting)Work programme topics addressed:ENV Knowledge transfer and uptake of EU research resultsPartners:Budget: €782,000Duration: 30m (Feb 2010 – July 2012)
5Partnership(Coordinator) – a specialist in marine-related scientific knowledge management and transfer activities(Partner) – manages an Online Portal which is a focal point for Marine Science and Technology Information on marine research infrastructures & RTD projects
6Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union COM(2010) 546 final Policy Drivers“We need to get more innovation out of our research. Cooperation between the worlds of science and the world of business must be enhanced, obstacles removed and incentives put in place.”Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union COM(2010) 546 final
7Timeliness of MarineTT There is a demand to show demonstrable impact from EC-funded researchEC is looking for improved systems and methodologies for knowledge capture and transferMarineTT is a pilot, where we intend to provide new methodologies, tools, insights and measurable impact
8EC RTD funding has different target user groups To help facilitate and accelerate the commercial application of research results (industry) To help support evidence-based policy making (policy makers) To help inform and direct further research (research community)8
9How is MarineTT different? Change of focus:Promotion of research projectsIdentification of individual “Knowledge Outputs”The clustering, analysis and validation of “Knowledge Output” potentialCustomised Knowledge Transfer through appropriate positioning of Knowledge Outputs in the value chain (end user focused)Measuring the outcome of Knowledge Transfer and Impact(s)
10MarineTT Definition What is a “Knowledge Output” A "Knowledge Output" is the term used to describe a unit of knowledge that has been generated during a scientific project. It is not limited to de-novo or pioneering discoveries but may also include new methodologies/ processes, adaptations, insights, alternative applications of prior know-how or knowledgeKnowledge differs from data or information in that new knowledge may be created from existing knowledge by extension of logic.
11Phases of MarineTT 3. Knowledge Transfer 1. Knowledge Collection 2. Knowledge Analysis
13Phase 1: Knowledge Collection Process 1. Identification of marine-related projectsOfficial Source – EC CORDIS online databaseCriteria and supporting elements (panel of EurOcean experts, project coordinators)Quality Control (EC websites and official documents)2. Collection of information – 2 main types and sources:Standard Project Details CORDIS Project Fact Sheet, project websitesKnowledge Outputs Project Coordinators complete online survey3. Validation by Project Coordinators13
14Identification & Collection of marine projects & KOs: FP6 figures EurOcean_MaP Infobasewith FP6 marine projectsin placeCollection ProcessStandard Project Detailsin placeKnowledge OutputsOnline SurveyFP6 Non-Priority Instrumentsfor MarineTTMarie Curie Actions:Less potential for knowledge transfer(scholarships for individual researchers)Main FiguresTotal NumberFP6 projects in CORDIS10.490FP6 MARINE projects in EurOcean MaP Infobase470FP6 MARINE Marie Curie Actions in EurOcean_MaP Infobase147FP6 MARINE Projects Surveyed32314
15Identification & Collection of marine projects & KOs: FP7 figures FP7 Priority Areas for MarineTTIdentification ProcessFP7 Non-Priority Programmesfor MarineTTPeople & Ideas Programmes:Less potential for knowledge transfer(scholarships for individual researchers)Fission & Fusion Programmes:Atomic Energy-related (~NO MARINE)Collection ProcessStandard Project DetailsCORDISKnowledge OutputsOnline SurveyFP7 Main FiguresTotal NumberFP7 projects in CORDIS ( )6.680FP7 projects reviewed (excluding non-priority areas)3.017FP7 MARINE projects identified/surveyed18415
17MarineTT Phase 2: Knowledge Analysis 4 Comprehensive Steps to Analyse Knowledge:Primary AnalysisInternal ValidationValidation by Project Co-ordinatorsValidation by Marine ExpertsMarineTT Phase 2: Knowledge Analysis
18Knowledge Analysis Process Primary Analysis:Review of Coordinator survey & any additional material (publications, website, results, etc.)Completion of missing information for compilation of Knowledge Output Tables (KOT)Interaction with coordinator for clarifications2. Internal Analysis :Proofing of KOT contentPrimary Assessment of KOsClustering of thematic related projects/KOsFinalisation of KOTs for External Validation Phase3. Project Coordinator Review :Approval of revised completed KOTs by project coordinators4. External Expert Assessment of Marine Thematic Groups:Desk top study review of KOTsValidation Meeting for each thematic group (Fisheries, Aquaculture, Water Resource Management, Environmental Monitoring, Ocean Energy, Climate Change)Identification of high potential outputs for Transfer and Uptake18
19All Knowledge Outputs were collected in a “Knowledge Output Table” 19
21Knowledge Output Distribution Marine ThemeNumber of ProjectsNumber of Knowledge Outputs in ThemeAquaculture31121Fisheries23132Water/Resource Management36154Ocean Energy1642Climate Change63Environmental Monitoring2480Total14759221
22FP6 & 7 Fisheries Projects – Research topics by area of investigation Consumer HealthNew gearsMPAsFisheries ManagementParticipatory researchStock Assessment
24Step 4: External Expert Validation Expert groups established to validate the Knowledge Outputs:Each group consisted of at least three experts;policy expertindustry expertRTD expertEach group carried out a desk study, followed by a one day group validation meetingExternal Validation was an essential step in analysing the Knowledge Outputs
25Key Observations on Phase 2 Analysis can only be done based on what is in the Knowledge Output descriptions (limitation of exercise)Initial indications ---> relevant knowledge to shift into the Knowledge Transfer phaseInnovative Knowledge Analysis Methodology developed - adaptable to any discipline/field of researchThere is cross fertilisation between domains(e.g. Environmental monitoring outputs of relevance to aquaculture/fisheries)
27Dissemination vs. Knowledge Transfer Dissemination: one-way, distribute knowledge, assume audience will take up and useKnowledge Transfer:two-way, iterative process.Requires engagement and networking.Understand primary end-users and tailor make transfer to ensure successful delivery of knowledge.Measure if there is an impactYou need to know why you are transferring the knowledge, what is the relevance to the end-users, what would you like them to do?
28Knowledge Transfer Case Studies A major objective of MarineTT is to demonstrate that customised knowledge transfer is more effective than “classical” dissemination15 Knowledge Transfer case studies will be taken forward on “high potential” outputs as identified by experts in Phase 2Measurement of transfer and uptake of knowledge are integrated into the studies
29Knowledge Transfer “Due Diligence” 6 April 2017Knowledge Transfer “Due Diligence”Approach coordinators of high potential outputs to establish willingness to help in MarineTT Knowledge TransferEstablish exact details on “Knowledge Output”Clarify Intellectual Property rights (IP)Assess willingness, ability of Project Coordinator (or owner of output?) to work with usIdentify exact “Primary End User(s)” and assess capacity for uptakeIdentify if knowledge can be clustered or stand-alone for transferIdentify suitable technical level, medium and channel for transfer
30Measuring ImpactOutcome of Transfer - amount of participants, feedback, surveys, measures of transfer activity etc. Impact of Transfer MarineTT will measure - next action taken - indicators of follow on impact down value chain
32MarineTT Knowledge Gate An infobase of EU funded marine projects Provides information and statistics on funding, countries, institutions involved in marine researchA Knowledge Management tool A searchable Knowledge Outputs ListingOne central location for searching – with links to projects & project documentsDescribes each Knowledge Output in clear languageSortable by types of knowledge (prototypes, software tools, products)Suggests potential Next/End Users of the Knowledge Output7/6/2011MarineTT: Added Value and Benefits32
35Next Steps Complete Knowledge Transfer Case Studies Attend major events to showcase project methodology and results of Knowledge TransferTwo Major Events Scheduled1) MarineTT Environment Workshop (April 2012)2) Knowledge Management Workshop (June 2012)- Bring together experts in Knowledge Management to discuss state of the art in field related to EC projects- Provide insights and recommendations on the way Knowledge Management could be improved
37Some Key Insights from MarineTT COLLECTIONThe way knowledge is managed and stored at the end of projects could be improvedIt is possible to share knowledge without compromising IPANALYSISA multidisciplinary, multi-stakeholder team is able to assess the potential applications of Knowledge Outputs and correctly identify the “next users” of the knowledgeTRANSFERDissemination Knowledge Transfer (machine gun vs. sniper)By taking a customised approach focusing on the “next user”, it is possible to transfer knowledge effectively and measure impact
38ConclusionsThe MarineTT methodology has attracted major interest and has already been adopted by other EC projects and is being piloted at a national level in NorwayBy using a systematic process (MarineTT methodology) it is possible to collect, analyse and transfer relevant knowledge to relevant users who can take it up and use itThe experience gained from the process has identified structural challenges in the way knowledge is currently managed in EC projects and we hope to shortly publish our findings and recommendations on how to improve the system and thereby make RTD investment measurably impactfulPlease help us develop suitable resources by providing feedback and informing your members
39Role of RAC’sPlease make your members aware of the MarineTT initiative and resourcesHelp us to transfer relevant knowledge to your members within case studies (act as multipliers)We would be happy to present to individual RACsPlease have a look at the “Knowledge Gate” and give us feedback as usersAny other feedback?
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41DisclaimerThe research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ ) under grant agreement no This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the European Union cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.