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© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 1 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt EN Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 2 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Background European Union In today's legal environment, owners and maintenance companies must warrant a high degree of safety for users and service technicians. ─More than escalators and moving walks are in operation ─More than 50% were installed in the last century ─These machines are operational at different safety levels with different risk levels which may cause accidents.
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 3 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Today‘s state of the art of safety Reducing the gap with EN Technology R & D, new standards in health and safety regulations Safety Safety Existing escalators C.I.R.A. EN115:1983 EN115:1995 EN115-1 EN EN115 A1: EN115 A2:
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 4 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Approach of EN ─Categorization of hazards and hazardous situations, each of which has been analyzed by a risk assessment ─Provision of corrective actions to −Improve, step by step, the safety of all existing units to today’s state of the art for safety −Enable each unit to be audited and safety measures to be identified and implemented −List the high, medium and low risks and corrective actions which can be applied in separate steps in order to mitigate (reduce) the risks
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 5 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Use of this standard −National authorities to determine their own programs of implementation in a step by step process −Process in a reasonable and practicable way −based on the level of risk (e.g. high, medium, low) and −social and economic considerations −Owners to follow their responsibilities according to existing regulations (e.g. Use of Work Equipment Directive) −Maintenance companies and/or inspection bodies to inform the owners on the safety level of their installations −Owners to upgrade the existing units on a voluntary basis
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 6 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt The Scope ─This European Standard gives rules for improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks => Aims to reach an equivalent level of safety to that of a newly installed escalator and moving walk by the application of today’s state of the art for safety.
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 7 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt The Scope ─This standard includes the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks for: −Users −Maintenance and inspection personnel −Persons outside the escalator or moving walk (but in its immediate vicinity) −Authorized persons ─This standard is not applicable to: −Safety during transport, installation, repairs and dismantling of escalators and moving walks −Spiral escalators −Accelerating moving walks
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 8 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt List of significant hazards
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 9 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt List of significant hazards
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 10 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt ─Identify the significant hazards on an existing escalator or moving walk ─Determine which type of protective measure(s) proposed by this standard is/are applicable The Safety check list acc. EN – The tool to Example of 5 out of 65 items:
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 11 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt National implementation of EN ─All technical solutions for upgrading to the state-of-the- art are listed in Clause 5 of this standard ─No binding requirements for measures to be carried out on which unit and within which period of time Subject to national legislation The given procedures are intended to assist in setting up national regulations Conclusion: this standard gives examples and templates, but they have to be introduced by national recommendations or laws
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 12 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Backup ─Not for distribution
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 13 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Legal environment ─Today's state of the art of safety is based on ─the European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, ─the harmonized standard EN (Safety of escalators and moving walks – Construction and installation) and ─the standard EN (Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks) ─National laws and regulations related to work and operation safety
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 14 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Contents of EN Scope 2.Normative references 3.Terms and definitions 4.List of significant hazards 5.Safety requirements and/or protective measures 6.Verification of improvement measures 7.Information for use 8.Annex A (informative) Method for national implementation of EN Annex B (informative) Safety check list for existing escalators and moving walks
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 15 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt 2. Normative references −EN 115-1:2008, Safety of escalators and moving walks — Part 1: Construction and installation −EN 13015:2001, Maintenance for lifts and escalators — Rules for maintenance instructions −EN :2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC − :2005, modified) −EN ISO :2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic −terminology, methodology (ISO :2003) −EN ISO 13850, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) −EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and −lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 16 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt 4. List of significant hazards ─Hazards not covered in this standard −environmental conditions including e.g. earthquake and flooding; −electromagnetic interferences; −shearing due to sharp edges on machinery; −non-conformance with national building codes; −fire in the building.
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 17 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt 5. Safety requirements and/or protective measures ─Basically in accordance to EN ─5.8Machinery spaces, driving stations and return stations ─5.9Fire protection ─5.10(kept free) ─5.11Electric installations and appliances ─5.11.1General ─5.11.2Main switches ─5.11.3Protection against electrostatic loading ─5.12Protection against electric faults - controls ─5.12.1Stopping ─5.12.2Inspection control ─5.13Building interfaces ─5.13.1Free space for users ─5.13.2Machinery spaces outside the truss ─5.13.3Electric power supply ─5.14Safety signs for the user ─5.15Use of shopping trolleys and baggage carts ─5.15.1Escalator ─5.15.2Moving walk ─5Safety requirements and/or protective measures ─5.1General ─5.2Supporting structure (truss) and enclosure ─5.2.1General ─5.2.2Fire hazard ─5.3Steps, pallets and belt ─5.4Drive units ─5.4.1Driving machine ─5.4.2Braking system ─5.5Balustrade ─5.5.1General ─5.5.2Dimension of balustrades ─5.5.3Skirting ─5.6Handrail system ─5.6.1Handrail speed monitoring ─5.6.2Profile and position ─5.6.3Handrail entry ─5.7Landings
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 18 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt 6. Verification of improvement measures ─Before putting an escalator or moving walk back into service after major modifications it shall be subject to examinations and tests in accordance with national regulations ─Schindler: use of site acceptance protocol
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 19 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt Information for use ─Relating to a specific modification made to the unit, documentation related to use, maintenance, inspection and periodic checks shall be provided for those components which are modified or added as far as the safety of workers and users is affected
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 20 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt ─By risk analysis Identification and evaluation of hazardous situations
© ELA | T. Kausel | 12-Oct-14 | Page 21 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt ─upgrading all existing units to the state-of-the-art for safety at the same time may not be possible ─subdivision of the hazardous situations in priority levels which then can be removed in several timed steps ─The safety levels of the risk profile according to ISO/TS have been used for classifying the priority levels The risk analysis Classification of priority levels
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