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EN Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 1 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Background European UnionMore than escalators and moving walks are in operation More than 50% were installed in the last century These machines are operational at different safety levels with different risk levels which may cause accidents. In today's legal environment, owners and maintenance companies must warrant a high degree of safety for users and service technicians. © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 2 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Today‘s state of the art of safety Reducing the gap with EN 115-2Technology R & D, new standards in health and safety regulations EN115-2 EN115 A2:2004 EN115:1995 EN115 A1:1998 EN115:1983 C.I.R.A. Safety Existing escalators 1920 1969 1983 1995 2000 2001 2004 2008 2009 2010 © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 3 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Approach of EN 115-2 Categorization of hazards and hazardous situations, each of which has been analyzed by a risk assessment Provision of corrective actions to Improve, step by step, the safety of all existing units to today’s state of the art for safety Enable each unit to be audited and safety measures to be identified and implemented List the high, medium and low risks and corrective actions which can be applied in separate steps in order to mitigate (reduce) the risks © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 4 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Use of this standard National authorities to determine their own programs of implementation in a step by step process Process in a reasonable and practicable way based on the level of risk (e.g. high, medium, low) and social and economic considerations Owners to follow their responsibilities according to existing regulations (e.g. Use of Work Equipment Directive) Maintenance companies and/or inspection bodies to inform the owners on the safety level of their installations Owners to upgrade the existing units on a voluntary basis © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 5 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
The Scope This European Standard gives rules for improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks => Aims to reach an equivalent level of safety to that of a newly installed escalator and moving walk by the application of today’s state of the art for safety. © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 6 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
The Scope This standard includes the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks for: Users Maintenance and inspection personnel Persons outside the escalator or moving walk (but in its immediate vicinity) Authorized persons This standard is not applicable to: Safety during transport, installation, repairs and dismantling of escalators and moving walks Spiral escalators Accelerating moving walks © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 7 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
List of significant hazards© ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 8 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
List of significant hazards© ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 9 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
The Safety check list acc. EN 115-2 – The tool toIdentify the significant hazards on an existing escalator or moving walk Determine which type of protective measure(s) proposed by this standard is/are applicable Example of 5 out of 65 items: © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 10 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
National implementation of EN 115-2All technical solutions for upgrading to the state-of-the-art are listed in Clause 5 of this standard No binding requirements for measures to be carried out on which unit and within which period of time Subject to national legislation The given procedures are intended to assist in setting up national regulations Conclusion: this standard gives examples and templates, but they have to be introduced by national recommendations or laws © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 11 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Backup Not for distribution © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 12H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Legal environment Today's state of the art of safety is based onthe European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, the harmonized standard EN (Safety of escalators and moving walks – Construction and installation) and the standard EN (Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks) National laws and regulations related to work and operation safety © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 13 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Contents of EN 115-2 Scope Normative references Terms and definitionsList of significant hazards Safety requirements and/or protective measures Verification of improvement measures Information for use Annex A (informative) Method for national implementation of EN 115-2 Annex B (informative) Safety check list for existing escalators and moving walks © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 14 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
2. Normative references EN 115-1:2008, Safety of escalators and moving walks — Part 1: Construction and installation EN 13015:2001, Maintenance for lifts and escalators — Rules for maintenance instructions EN :2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC :2005, modified) EN ISO :2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO :2003) EN ISO 13850, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 15 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
4. List of significant hazardsHazards not covered in this standard environmental conditions including e.g. earthquake and flooding; electromagnetic interferences; shearing due to sharp edges on machinery; non-conformance with national building codes; fire in the building. © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 16 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
5. Safety requirements and/or protective measuresBasically in accordance to EN 115-1 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures 5.1 General 5.2 Supporting structure (truss) and enclosure General Fire hazard 5.3 Steps, pallets and belt 5.4 Drive units Driving machine Braking system 5.5 Balustrade General Dimension of balustrades Skirting 5.6 Handrail system Handrail speed monitoring Profile and position Handrail entry 5.7 Landings 5.8 Machinery spaces, driving stations and return stations 5.9 Fire protection 5.10 (kept free) 5.11 Electric installations and appliances General Main switches Protection against electrostatic loading 5.12 Protection against electric faults - controls Stopping Inspection control 5.13 Building interfaces Free space for users Machinery spaces outside the truss Electric power supply 5.14 Safety signs for the user 5.15 Use of shopping trolleys and baggage carts Escalator Moving walk © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 17 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
6. Verification of improvement measuresBefore putting an escalator or moving walk back into service after major modifications it shall be subject to examinations and tests in accordance with national regulations Schindler: use of site acceptance protocol © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 18 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Information for use Relating to a specific modification made to the unit, documentation related to use, maintenance, inspection and periodic checks shall be provided for those components which are modified or added as far as the safety of workers and users is affected © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 19 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
Identification and evaluation of hazardous situationsBy risk analysis © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 20 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
The risk analysis Classification of priority levelsupgrading all existing units to the state-of-the-art for safety at the same time may not be possible subdivision of the hazardous situations in priority levels which then can be removed in several timed steps The safety levels of the risk profile according to ISO/TS have been used for classifying the priority levels © ELA | T. Kausel | 6-Apr-17 | Page 21 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN ppt
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