Presentation on theme: "Famous Court Cases II Dred Scott v. Sandford (1854) Plessy v. Fergusen (1896) Brown v. Board of Education (1954) By Kayla Gilbert."— Presentation transcript:
Famous Court Cases II Dred Scott v. Sandford (1854) Plessy v. Fergusen (1896) Brown v. Board of Education (1954) By Kayla Gilbert
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1854) -Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri. -Moved to Illinois (1833-1843) where slavery was forbidden because of the Missouri Compromise of 1820. -He went to Missouri and tried to sue Missouri for his freedom. -His master claimed that no pure-blooded African American was an American citizen because of Article III in the constitution.
Significance Only Congress had the right to give a citizen national citizenship. No one but a citizen of the United States was able to be a citizen in a state. The Court held the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
Plessy v. Fergusen (1896) There were separate train cars for whites and blacks. Plessy was seven-eighths Caucasian and was told to move to the car where the blacks sat. He refused and was arrested.
Significance Plessy tried to say that Louisiannas law about segregation was unconstitutional. The Court said that segregation wasnt unconstitutional because it followed the 14 th amendment. As long as the two race were equal, it didnt classify as discrimination.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) Black children were denied access to public schools if white children attended there. The schools for white children and the schools for black children were equal. Everything was the same.
Significance This was unconstitutional because of the 14 th amendment. Separate but equal is unequal in the context of public education. The unanimous opinion sounded the death- knell for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.