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World War II Ch. 23 & 24. Path to WWII 1935- Germany re-establishes military conscription 1935- Germany re-establishes military conscription Violation.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II Ch. 23 & 24. Path to WWII 1935- Germany re-establishes military conscription 1935- Germany re-establishes military conscription Violation."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II Ch. 23 & 24

2 Path to WWII Germany re-establishes military conscription Germany re-establishes military conscription Violation of Treaty of Versailles Violation of Treaty of Versailles Germany occupy the Rhineland (Alsace-Lorraine) Germany occupy the Rhineland (Alsace-Lorraine) Germany anschluss (union) w/ Austria Germany anschluss (union) w/ Austria Appeasement by British Prime Minister Appeasement by British Prime MinisterAppeasement Germany occupies Sudenland Germany occupies Sudenland Germany invades Poland Germany invades Poland

3 Atlantic Charter Signed Signed between US and Britain No No territorial gain territories changed without peoples desire Right Right of people to choose govt. Abandonment Abandonment of Nations use of force

4 European Theatre Wolf Wolf Packs Rommel Rommel sent to Africa Nickname Nickname desert fox Meant Meant to reinforce Italian army Italy Italy surrendered 1943 Luftwaffe Luftwaffe German German air force Carpet Carpet Bombing Large Large number of bombs scattered over a wide area Memphis Memphis Belle

5 Major Battles Battle Battle of Stalingrad Germany Germany Advanced to major railroad in Stalingrad in Oct Russia Russia stood and cut off Germany in November 90K 90K Germans surrendered Operation Operation Overlord General General Eisenhower leader June June 6, 1944 D-Day Invasion Hitler Hitler believed major offensive to be at Chalis, not Normandy.

6 Major Battles Battle Battle Battle of the Bulge Counter Counter offensive by Hitler with Rommel tanks. Created Created a bulge in Allied lines at Belgium and Luxembourg.

7 German Surrender April April 30, 1945 Hitler Hitler commits suicide in bunker in Berlin May May 8, 1945 Final troops surrender V-E V-E Day Victory Victory in Europe Day Yalta Yalta Conference Germany Germany split into four zones Eastern Eastern countries allowed elections Russia Russia to enter war against Japan within three months of surrender.

8 Pacific Theater Japan bombs Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, Japan bombs Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, Kamikaze Attacks Kamikaze Attacks Ultimate pride to sacrifice life by ramming plane into enemy strapped with bombs Ultimate pride to sacrifice life by ramming plane into enemy strapped with bombs Bataan Death March Bataan Death March 70,000 POWs marched 63 miles. 70,000 POWs marched 63 miles. 7 to 10K died along the march 7 to 10K died along the march

9 Major Battles Island hopping Island hopping Strategy of attacking and conquering one island at a time before moving on. Strategy of attacking and conquering one island at a time before moving on. Battle of Midway Battle of Midway Japan attacked American base on island of Midway. Japan attacked American base on island of Midway. Japan had more ships and carriers. Japan had more ships and carriers. Americans received advance notice of attack and were able to defeat superior force and crippled the remaining Japanese fleet Americans received advance notice of attack and were able to defeat superior force and crippled the remaining Japanese fleet Battle of Iwo Jima Island of Iwo Jima was seen as sacred soil- extension of Japan. 20,000 Japanese fought to the death over several weeks Battle of Okinawa Located only 350 miles from mainland Japan. Over 110,000 Japanese lost their lives attempting to hold onto the island

10 Manhattan Project Tests conducted in Los Alamos, NM. Tests conducted in Los Alamos, NM. Robert Oppenheimer, Neils Bohr, Enrico Fermi and German defect, Albert Einstein created atomic bomb. Robert Oppenheimer, Neils Bohr, Enrico Fermi and German defect, Albert Einstein created atomic bomb. Research conducted over 6 years and spent 2 Billion dollars Research conducted over 6 years and spent 2 Billion dollars

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12 Decision to drop Atomic Bomb Harry S. Truman became President after FDRs death during his fourth consecutive Presidential term in Harry S. Truman became President after FDRs death during his fourth consecutive Presidential term in Strategies for Japanese surrender 3 Strategies for Japanese surrender Massive Invasion Massive Invasion Embargo Embargo Atomic Bomb Atomic Bomb Enola Gay Enola Gay August 6, 1945 American B-29 dropped Bomb on Hiroshima killing 80,000 August 6, 1945 American B-29 dropped Bomb on Hiroshima killing 80,000 Second Bomb dropped on Nagasaki killing 40,000 on August 9th Second Bomb dropped on Nagasaki killing 40,000 on August 9th

13 Japans Surrender V-J Day V-J Day Victory over Japan Victory over Japan August 15, 1945 August 15, 1945 Formal Surrender occurred on Sept 2, 1945 aboard the USS Missouri Formal Surrender occurred on Sept 2, 1945 aboard the USS Missouri


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