Presentation on theme: "Joint Research Centre (JRC)"— Presentation transcript:
1Joint Research Centre (JRC) Serving society, stimulating innovation,supporting legislationProf. Dr. Krzysztof MaruszewskiDirector of Institute for Health and Consumer Protection1
2The JRC in the Commission President José Manuel Barroso27 Commission Members…DG EnvironmentDG Climate ActionDG Agriculture and Rural AffairsDG Mobility and TransportCommissioner Geoghegan-QuinnResearch, Innovation and ScienceDG EnergyJoint Research Centre (JRC)DG Research and InnovationJRC Director-GeneralDominique Ristori2
3JRC’s Mission and Role… is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-basedscientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle.Direct research:JRC is the European Commission's in-house science service and the only DG executing direct research; providing science advice to EU policy.Serving society, stimulating innovation, supporting legislation3
4Quick Facts: Established 1957 7 institutes in 5 countries 2,822 scientific and technical personnelOver 1400 scientific publicationsin 2012Budget: €356 million annually,plus €62 million earned incomeCorporate Services – BrusselsIRMM – Geel, Belgium - ITU – Karlsruhe, Germany and Ispra, ItalyIET – Petten, The Netherlands and Ispra, ItalyIPSC – Ispra, ItalyIES – Ispra, ItalyIHCP – Ispra, ItalyIPTS – Seville, SpainITU – Karlsruhe, Germany1400 publications – all JRC publications (c20000) accessible on-line via database JRC home page, searchable by keyword (publications repository)Approx half of all publications peer-reviewed.Earned income – 15% of budget (set by Council and EP) earned from participating in FP7 projects, working with regional authorities and industry.
5Key priorities Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) Internal market: growth, jobs and innovationLow-carbon economy and resource efficiency(environment, climate change, energy, transport)Agriculture and global food securityPublic health, safety and securityNuclear safety and securityProviding the needed scientific support to theEurope 2020 policy priorities.5
6Cross-cutting activities Policy analysisImpact assessmentForesight and horizon scanningEconomicsBoth sectoral and integrated modellingKnowledge TransferEducation and TrainingKey competencesPolicy analysis allowing cross-sectoral investigation of policy optionsImpact assessment providing scientific evidence to support policy options(JRC currently has performed 35 but that will significantly be increased)Foresight and horizon scan contributing to the Commission's capacity to develop timely policy proposals, development of strategic intelligenceEconomics providing an integrated service covering both scientific-technical and macro-economic aspectsBoth sectoral and integrated modelling fostering/developing the Commission’s capacities for vital scenario analysesKnowledge Transfer- Through many of the JRC scientific networks but also through TTO circle created in 2011.Education and Training JRC hosts PhD and post-doc students, training in candidate and associated countries
7Policy implementation Scientific support tothe whole policy cyclePolicy anticipationEffectivenessand impactassessmentPolicy evaluationAgenda-settingIdentification of emerging issuesPolicy formulationExpert adviceJRCAd-hoc policy supportDecision-making processSelection of programme optionsPolicy adoptionCrisis responsePolicy implementationCompliance checksIndependent verificationAnti-fraud measures
8Supporting EU Policies Examples of JRC activities:Supporting EU PoliciesPolicy anticipationSustaining European SoilThe JRC has developed robust databases supporting the European Soil Thematic Strategy and as a result created three soil atlases, unique collections of maps illustrating the varying patterns of different soil types occurring across Europe. One of the resulting outputs is the first ever European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity.Policy anticipationNew developments in nanotechnologyThe JRC is working closely with policy makers providing science and research-based policy support for improving regulation of nanotechnology. It also hosts the largest repository of nano reference materials, has developed an internationally-available database containing test and measurement results used by the OECD, Member States and industry. In February 2011, the JRC released the world's first certified reference material for nanoparticles, based on industry-sourced materials.Policy anticipationINSPIRE: Harmonising environmental data worldwideThe JRC is the technical and scientific coordinator of INSPIRE, the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe, which provides the knowledge needed for mitigating natural and man-made hazards to make more efficient use of natural resources, to better protect the environment and to adapt to climate change.
9Policy implementation Policy implementation Policy implementation Examples of JRC activities:Supporting EU PoliciesPolicy implementationMaking the EU's electricity grids smarterThe JRC has identified and analysed the vulnerabilities of Member States’ electricity transmission systems for the implementation of a Directive on Critical European Infrastructures.Policy implementationCalculating greenhouse gas emissions from biofuel cropsThe JRC developed a new methodology to estimate changes in global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to biofuel crops. This work underpinned the Commission Report required for the implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive.Policy implementationDetecting GMOs in food and feedThe JRC provided the "Compendium of Reference Methods for GMO analysis", a reference report listing 79 GMO detection methods validated according to international standards in support of the Regulation on official food and feed controls.
10Supporting EU Policies Examples of JRC activities:Supporting EU PoliciesAd-hoc policy supportNuclear forensics support to Member StatesThe JRC supports safeguard authorities by providing environmental sampling and measurements techniques that are essential in the detection of non-declared nuclear activities. The JRC ‘clean lab’ is used for the measurement of uranium enrichment in particles founded in ‘swipes’ taken by IAEA or Euratom inspectors across the globe.Ad-hoc policy supportResponding to crisesGDACS (the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System) provides near real-time alerts about natural disasters around the world. In addition, the JRC provided support to rescue operations by carrying out a rapid damage assessment based on the analysis of very high resolution satellite imagery.Ad-hoc policy supportEuropean Flood Alert System and European Forest Fire Information System JRC provides essential information to prepare for floods in Europe by complementing the information of national hydrological services with novel probabilistic flood forecasting information up to 10 days in advance. EFFIS comprehensively addresses forest fires in Europe providing EU level assessments from pre-fire to post-fire phases, thus supporting fire prevention, preparedness, fire fighting and post-fire evaluations.
11Supporting EU Policies Examples of JRC activities:Supporting EU PoliciesPolicy anticipationScience for waterThe publication “Science for Water “aims to give a comprehensive overview of the JRC's work in relation to global water challenges. The report covers water quantity, quality, governance and innovation, the preservation of ecosystems and water-related hazards & climate change, providing a glimpse on how science and the JRC can contribute to find solutions in these fields.Ad-hoc policy supportScience for the financial sector The JRC develops scientific models for the financial sector to reduce the probability of systematic crisis. The EC legislative proposal for minimum capital requirements in the banking sector (known as Basel III) and the EC legislative proposal on financial transactions were thoroughly tested using “SYMBOL”, a scientific model developed by the JRC.Policy anticipationTEFIS: Techno-economic Foresight for the Information SocietyThe JRC supports Information Society Technology policies by generating prospective analyses and strategies related to the knowledge society. TEFIS is one such example where emerging trends in Information Society Technologies up to a 15-year time period will be studied, using integrated techno-economic foresight analyses leading to strategic priority-setting.
12Science support to policy: Horizon 2020 12Strengthening anticipation, foresightand horizon scanningExpanding economic modelling capacityExpanding socio-behavioural researchProviding evidence-based policy options, cost-benefit analysis and impact assessmentStrengthening science-based input to EU standardisation and legislative processes
13A selection of JRC Scientific Facilities 13European Crisis ManagementLaboratoryEuropean Laboratory forStructural Assessment (ELSA)Hot Cells LaboratoryFuel Cell FacilityNano-MaterialsLaboratoryVehicles EmissionsLaboratory (VELA)European ReferenceLaboratoryfor Air Pollution(ERLAP)Van Der Graf Generator
14Examples of JRC publications JRC Annual Report gives an overview of JRC activities.Reference Reports are authoritative documents that represent a JRC-wide view on a subject for which the JRC is noted as expert.Evaluation Reports promote the provision of fact-based judgement on the JRC's activities with a view to improving the design and management of the JRCNewsletter is a bi-monthly publication with an overview of recent highlightsBrochures and reports
15A Networked Organisation 15A Networked Organisation1000+ partners: public and private organisations, institutions and expert groups250 major networks worldwide:Cooperation and partnerships with key organisationsSupport to enlargementTraining and mobility of researchersAccess to scientific infrastructuresSupport to European Research Area policiesSupport to standardisationMain message- To perform its mission and provide S&T support to policies, co-operation with wide range of partners is essential
16Institute for Health and Consumer Protection IHCP – one of the 7 JRC Institutes16Institute for Health and Consumer ProtectionPolicy Support Areas:● Alternatives to Animal Testing● Food and Consumer Products● Genetically Modified Organisms● Public Health● Nanotechnology
17Examples of activities IHCP – one of the 7 JRC Institutes17Examples of activitiesDevelopment and validationof sampling protocolsand analytical tools for:Risk and benefit assessment● Biocides, chemicals (includingmixtures), nanomaterials, endocrinedisrupters, dietary substances● Integrated risk assessmentmethodologies● Exposure assessment (noise, chemicals)● Detection and quantification inFood and Consumer Products of:- Chemicals and other contaminants- Genetically modified organisms (GMOs)- Nanomaterials● Toxicity testing of chemicals andnanomaterials with a strong focus onalternative-to-animal testing methods
18IHCP – one of the 7 JRC Institutes 18Reference Centres and Bureaus hosted by JRC-IHCP3 EURL European Reference Laboratories:Food Contact Materials, GM Food and Feed, Alternatives to Animal TestingBEVABS - European Bureau for Wine, Alcohol and Spirit DrinksECB - European Chemicals Bureau ( ) handed over to ECHAImpactCoordination of National Reference LaboratoriesAnalytical controls are harmonised throughout EuropeStandardised methods delivering robust analytical resultsBetter implementation of legal limitsReduced number of analyses in EU Member StatesSafe food and consumer products for European consumersReducing number of animal tests by supporting Replacement, Reduction, Refinement ("3R")