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ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE www.inika.www.inika.com/chitra www.rainwaterclub.org.

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Presentation on theme: "ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE www.inika.www.inika.com/chitra www.rainwaterclub.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE

2 PHILOSOPHY  To create relevant architecture for the Indian Urban Context

3 GLOBAL TRENDS OR LOCAL ADAPTATION ?

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5 ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE Architectural needs Ecological footprint Social sensitivity

6 ARCHITECTURAL NEEDS Based on dialogue with clients Based on site Based on functionality

7 ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT Optimization of the built area. Economy of resources Assessment of life cycle impact

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9 SOCIAL SENSITIVITY Consideration towards workers Cultural relevance Barrier free Architecture

10 SPACE MAKING Optimum built Spatial quality Light, texture and colour

11 RESOURCE UTILIZATION Building material Water Energy

12 TECHNIQUES

13 ARCH FOUNDATIONS Efficient in Hard soil Economy of materials - LABOUR ORIENTED

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15 RAMMED EARTH Low skill level Low energy

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20 STABILIZED MUD BLOCKS Labor oriented Low embodied energy

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23 VAULTS Labour oriented Use of ‘waste’ materials in the filling

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26 DOMES Labour Oriented Use of unwanted materials in filling

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28 ARCH PANELS FOR ROOF (JACK ARCH OR MADRAS TILES) LOW IN-BUILT ENERGY PRE-FABRICATED ON SITE LABOUR ORIENTED

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31 REUSING OF TILES DEBRIS FILLER SLAB USE OF “UNWANTED” MATERIALS

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33 DOMESTIC WATER MANAGEMENT GREY WATER REUSE ECOLOGICAL SANITATION (DRY TOILET, COMPOSTING TOILET) ECOLOGICAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM (DEWATS)

34 GREY WATER REUSE SOURCES SHOWERS BATHS WASHING MACHINES USES LOWER LEVEL TOILETS GARDENS WASHING FLOORS / OUTDOOR TERRACES

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36 INTERMEDIATE GREY WATER TANKS

37 ECOLOGICAL SANITATION PROCESS SEPARATION OF HUMAN WASTE; SOLID AND LIQUID DRIED AND COMPOSTED

38 SAN TO ECOSAN

39 BEFORE AND AFTER ECOSAN CONSUMPTION (ltrs of water/day) DRINKING 3 COOKING 4 BATHING 15 CLOTHES 23 UTENSILS 25 GARDEN 25 FLUSHING 40 TOTAL ECOSAN 25 saving 50%

40 DRY TOILET PAN

41 COLLECTORS

42 ECOLOGICAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT (DEWATS SYSTEM) PROCESS BAFFLED REACTOR, SETTLER TANK PLANTED GRAVEL FILTER POLISHING POND APPLICATIONS GARDENING OUTDOOR WASHING LAKES AND WET LANDS REPLENISHMENT Source: DEWATS, Borda

43 PLANTED GRAVEL FILTER SETTLERS TANK / BAFFLE REACTOR Source: DEWATS, Borda

44 POLISHING POND

45 RAIN WATER HARVESTING COLLECTION FILTRATION STORAGE USAGE RECHARGE Source:

46 COLLECTION Source:

47 CONVEYANCE Source:

48 SEPARATION FILTRATION Source:

49 STORAGE Source:

50 USAGE Source:

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52 INSTALLATION ON CONSTRUCTION STAFF QUARTER Source:

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54 BANGALORE’S SCENARIO 100 SQ MT OF ROOF PRODUCES: 97,000 LITRES RAIN 88,000 LITRES HARVESTED (after runoff) DEMAND: 67.5 Ltrs/day X 4 pers X 365 days = 98,550 LITRES/year OUTCOME: 325 DAYS OF WATER DEMAND SUPPLIED FROM RAIN ZERO STORM-WATER NUTRIENTS USED IMPROVEMENT IN WATER QUALITY AND QUANTITY Source: RAINWATER AND ECOSAN

55 SOLAR ENERGY PASSIVE ACTIVE

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58 GREEN ENVIRONMENT

59 CASE STUDY

60 RESIDENCE OF MR. KUMAR

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65 RESIDENCE OF SMT MALATHI AND PROF. RAJAGOPALAN

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72 RESIDENCE OF SMT SUSHMA AND ANAND ADKOLI

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78 THANK YOU

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