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Housing : An Engine for Inclusive Growth International Conference on April 10-13, 2013 New Delhi, India.

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Presentation on theme: "Housing : An Engine for Inclusive Growth International Conference on April 10-13, 2013 New Delhi, India."— Presentation transcript:

1 Housing : An Engine for Inclusive Growth International Conference on April 10-13, 2013 New Delhi, India

2 Assess current housing & Urban Dev. situation Map of the Republic of Yemen Administrative divisions

3 Table (4) Population and area of the country at 2004 map key DivisionCapital cityArea (km2)Pop. (2004) Gov. Density inh /km2 Urban Pop. % 1 'AdanAden825589,419714589,419 100 2 'Amran 9,013877,78693149,476 17.1 3 AbyanZinjibar20,380433,81921111,519 25.7 4 Ad Dali' 4,448470,56410662,246 13.2 5 Al Bayda'Al Bayda10,487577,36955108,053 18.7 6 Al Hudaydah 15,4072,157,552140761,057 35.3 7 Al Jawf 46,170443,7971058,062 13 8 Al MahrahAl Ghaydah78,07388,594137,247 42 9 Al Mahwit 2,452494,55720236,623 7.3 10 Amanat Al Asimah Sana'a10561,747,8341,6551,707,586 97.7 11 Dhamar 8,7051,330,108153185,946 14 12 HadramautAl Mukalla195,6261,028,5565475,855 46.3 13 Hajjah 9,3761,479,568158139,578 9.4 14 Ibb 6,0312,131,861353374,833 17.6 15 Lahij 14,003722,6945262,595 8.7 16 Ma'rib 19,529238,5221231,857 13.4 17 Raymah 2,239394,4481763,830 1 18 Sa'dah 14,364695,03348107,018 15.4 19 Sana'aSan'a'13,730919,2156725,419 2.8 20 Shabwah'Ataq45,519470,4401074,157 15.8 21 Ta'izz 11,5732,393,425209535,980 22.4 total 529,00619,6851615,638,35628.6

4 Total needs of Yemeni Republic governorates

5 %Female%MaleG. rateyearpopulation 3.1200419685000 491177351551122540672.7201224027583 extraneedRuralUrbanyearTotal Houses 20042608000 65628112258243089010374020123467252 OthersEndowmentRentedOwnedTotal houses 934802037744984529033283467252 Increase of Population and Houses Gap

6 Urban housing needs projection 1.5 million new units until 2025

7 Public Employees grades and salary –for year 2009 (military and teachers are not included)

8 م المحافظا ت إجمالي الإحتياج 20%نمــوذج (A) 120م260% نمــوذج (B) 85م220% نمـــوذج (C) 75م2 مساح ة الأر ض الدفعة المقدم ة القسط الشهر ي لنموذج A القسط الشهر ي لنموذ ج B القسط الشهر ي لنموذج C العدد قيمة البناء (بالمليون) قيمة الأرض (بالمليون) قيمة الخدمات (بالمليون) الإجمالي (بالمليون) العدد قيمة البناء (بالمليون) قيمة الأرض (بالمليون) قيمة الخدمات (بالمليون) الإجمالي (بالمليون) العدد قيمة البناء (بالمليون) قيمة الأرض (بالمليون) قيمة الخدمات (بالمليون) الإجمالي (بالمليون) 0% 15 1 أمانة العاصمة 139,6 51 27,930184,339 1,341 7,374193,05483,791391,7212,84915,669410,23927,930115,212837,9064,608957,726 2 تعز 72,21 5 14,44395,324 693,264 3,813792,40143,329202,5631,4738,103212,13914,44359,577433,2902,383495,250 3 إب 52,62 2 10,52469,461 505,171 2,778577,41031,573147,6051,0735,904154,58210,52443,413315,7321,737360,882 4 عدن 31,25 8 6,25241,261 300,077 1,650342,98818,75587,679637,6633,507728,8496,25225,788187,5481,032214,368 5 الحديدة 29,32 7 5,86538,712 281,539 1,548321,79917,59682,262598,2713,290683,8235,86524,195175,962967,791 1,167,94 8 6 مأرب 21,90 1 4,38028,909 210,250 1,156240,31513,14161,432446,7802,457510,6694,38018,068131,406722,733872,207 7 حجة 20,06 2 4,01226,482 192,595 1,059220,13612,03756,274409,2652,251467,7904,01216,551120,372662,046798,969 8 عمران 14,25 1 2,85018,811 136,810 752,453908,0748,55139,974290,7201,599332,2932,85011,75785,506470,283567,546 9 الجوف 13,36 8 2,67417,646 128,333 705,830851,8098,02137,497272,7071,500311,7042,67411,02980,208441,144532,381 10 ذمار 12,73 0 2,54616,804 122,208 672,144811,1567,63835,708259,6921,428296,8282,54610,50276,380420,090506,972 11 حضرمو ت 10,25 0 2,05013,530 98,400 541,200653,1306,15028,751209,1001,150239,0012,0508,45661,500338,250408,206 12 صعدة 9,735 1,94712,850 93,456 514,008620,3145,84127,307198,5941,092226,9931,9478,03158,410321,255387,696 13 المحويت 9,160 1,83212,091 87,936 483,648583,6755,49625,694186,8641,028213,5861,8327,55754,960302,280364,797 14 ريمة 9,144 1,82912,070 87,782 482,803582,6555,48625,649186,5381,026213,2131,8297,54454,864301,752364,160 15 شبوة 6,836 1,3679,024 65,626 360,941435,5914,10219,175139,454766,999925,6281,3675,64041,016225,588272,244 16 صنعاء 6,453 1,2918,518 61,949 340,718411,1853,87218,101131,641724,027873,7691,2915,32438,718212,949256,991 17 البيضاء 6,310 1,2628,392 60,576 333,168402,1363,78617,700128,724707,982854,4061,2625,20637,860208,230251,296 18 لحج 4,071 8145,374 39,082 214,949259,4052,44311,41983,048456,766551,2338143,35924,426134,343162,128 19 أبين 3,272 6544,319 31,411 172,762208,4921,9639,17866,749367,118443,0456542,69919,632107,976130,307 20 الضالع 2,850 5703,762 27,360 150,480181,6021,7107,99458,140319,770385,9045702,35117,10094,050113,501 21 المهرة 2,537 5073,349 24,355 133,954161,6581,5227,11651,755284,651343,5225072,09315,22283,721101,036 الإجمالي 478,0 03 95,601631,028 3,249,52 0 5,878,43 6 9,758,98 4 286,8021,340,799 4,361,10 1 3,677,31 7 9,379,2 17 95,601394,3522,868,0186,024,241 9,286,61 1 00 000

9 Formulate policies and programs, prioritize objectives and set targets Housing policy goals 1. General Goals a)Identify the status of Yemeni cities, their problems, causes and assess the housing situation. b)Encourage housing investment according to suitable planning. 2. Key Goals a)Achieve lowest possible costs, to establish housing projects for those with limited income, solve the problem of housing needs on the republican levels and mitigate the random housing problem b)Solve the problem of deteriorating areas belonging to lowest income segments (This segment represents a vial part in the urban problems in Yemen, as a multi-faceted problem, since low income citizens represent patterns and various segments, harboring such problems as: economic weakness and lack of purchasing power which resulted in a large gap between income and offered housing prices. In this case, the housing policy is considered a vital necessity to meet demand for suitable housing to lower income segments, as a developmental priority)

10 . Help housing associations build their houses Housing Investment 2. Support Institutional Development Qualify staff Technology and equipment Operative budget Develop database and statistics Housing Policy Aims at ensuring suitable housing to all Housing Policy Aims at ensuring suitable housing to all New needs as per population growth Houses for Housing Associations About to Fall (old units) 1. Strategic Plan for Housing Limited and medium income Rented Housing for the destitute Housing is: Below Standard

11 . 3. Finance system Government & partnership system Local & foreign loans Grants from merchants & donor countries Citizens contributions via pre-payment + monthly installments 4. Laws and Legislations Declare list of housing sector roles Establish housing fund with set sources 5. Coordinate with Services Entities Electricity Water & Sanitary System Public services (schools, clinics..etc Communications Roads Initiate Prime Ministerial approval on strategy

12 Execution Methodology Results of estimating housing needs in urban areas of the Yemeni Republic, showed that the number of housing units to be built annually is 36,000, distributed over governorates proportionally to the gaps in each governorate. Since it was hard to avail the appropriate funding during one year, the follow has to be done: 1.Start with identifying needed land as per set allocations in each governorate in coordination with the General Entity for Land, Areas and Urban Planning, and local authorities in the concerned governorate. 2.Survey the lands and prepare them in coordination with concerned service ministries to start serving those areas 3.Start to register limited income beneficiaries who meet selection criteria and conditions to benefit from this project, start collecting set amounts whether pre-payments or monthly installments. 4.Start to register youth of new families and collect set housing instalments for this segment on the basis of saving methodologies over 7 years, until enrolled in the project and houses are delivered, after which the remaining amount is divided over 15 years. 5.Start to build housing complexes with integrated services to absorb citizens of different limited and low income levels. (It is possible to execute this segment via partnerships between public and private sectors, since serviced land encourages private sector partnership) 6.The participating private sector in funding and building, will assign a number of housing units for limited income segments with low cost in return for serviced land and power per agreement and size of work 7.Start to service housing associations lands, offer suitable loans for housing associations members 8.Redo land surveys for random areas and coordinate with the services ministries to execute the infrastructure and support the re-building of inappropriate houses 9.Support and develop a housing fund as per a decision from the ministerial council to become the financial pool to fund housing projects and retrieve cost, and defer it for future projects 10.Submit a loan request to local or foreign banks with simple and (Islamic) legitimate interest.

13 Preparation of suitable land (Aden )

14 Economic Housing Design for Mid. & Low income people

15

16

17 The existing fund for the first stage of recent housing projects is from the following sources: 1)Government contribution: 10 billion Riyals 2)General Guarantees Agency and Wages and Social Security Insurances: 10 billion Riyals 3)Cooperative Agricultural Loan Bank: 2 billion Riyals 4)Fisheries and Agricultural Incentives Fund: 2 billion Riyals 5)Ministry of (Islamic) Awqaf: 1 billion Riyals

18 Aden city Hajja city Taiz city Dalea’ city

19 Cost recovery system Equivalent in $ Monthly payment 20 years Advance 20% Flat costArea Flat type 23,888 25,082 1,365,000 1,433,250 6 ، 825 ، 000 7,166,250 105 A 19,338 20,305 14,787 15,526 1,105,000 1,160,250 845,000 887,250 5 ، 525 ، 000 5,801,250 4 ، 225 ، 000 4,436,250 85 65 B B2 17,063 17,916 975,000 1,023,750 4 ، 875 ، 000 5,118,750 75 C 20,020 21,021 1,144,000 1,201,200 5 ، 720 ، 000 6,006,000 88 D


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