2 ObjectivesUtilize the nursing process to plan culturally competent developmentally appropriate care for a client diagnosed with appendicitis.Outline perioperative nursing concepts related to an appendectomy.
3 Jose Rodriguez6 yr old male recently moved to the US from Mexico with his mother, 7 yr old sister Carle, & 14 yr old brother Juan to join his father who works for a metal recycling company.Except for Juan no one speaks English.Jose’s parents are excited to have their family together.Jose & his siblings enjoy playing with neighborhood children who mostly speak English.The family attends the local Hispanic Catholic Church.
4 What is the priority concern based on this information?
5 History 20.69 kg, 116.1 cm No previous hospitalizations No surgical historyCurrent with immunizationsAttends 1st gradeLives with parents & siblings in a nonsmoking householdMaternal grandmother – DMPaternal grandfather - HTN
6 ER VisitJose presents with sharp abdominal pain, not feeling well & woke up crying at The pain went away for a while at school this a.m., but came back. Now the pain is constant between his umbilicus & right iliac crest. He is complaining of feeling cold. Jose began vomiting after he entered the ER and is now lying on left side with his right leg flexed.
7 Assessment Lungs clear, HRR w/o murmur Pain with guarding of the RLQ VS (ax) – 125 – 35 – 119/79 – 98%Labs:WBC – 17,500HgB -HcT -UA - negativeCT Abdomen – acute appendicitis
8 Does this clinical picture coincide with a diagnosis of appendicitis? Are vital signs normal for a child this age? Why the changes?Jose’s pain suddenly stops what is your priority?
9 Admission Orders Admit to Pediatrics Bedrest NPO Consent for laparoscopic appendectomyD5 ½ NS with 10 meQ 70 mL/hrGentamicin 45 mg IV on call to ORMorphine Sulfate 2 mg IV q 1-2 hr prn pain
10 SBAR report from the ED nurse to the pediatric nurse to prepare Jose for surgery. How do you get the consent signed? By whom? In what language?Discuss issues/concerns regarding the use of translators – what is appropriate & what is not?
11 Perioperative Experience The OR has called and it is time for Jose to go to surgery. His parents escorted to the holding room with him.
12 What should be sent with Jose or communicated to the OR/holding room nurse? What is the role of the holding room/OR nurse?
13 IntraoperativeJose is brought into the operating room, after receiving oral midazolam hydochloride (Versed) in the holding room. A timeout is completed prior to beginning the surgery.
14 What type of anesthesia is used for this procedure? How should the anesthesia be administered to Jose?Why would other types be inappropriate?
15 As the circulating nurse what would your duties include during this procedure? As the scrub nurse what would your duties include during this procedure? Review sterile techniqueWhat are the principles of surgical asepsis?
16 Post Anesthesia Care Unit Jose arrives in the PACU, extubated, arousable when spoken to. His parents are notified and brought in to comfort Jose.His Aldrete score on admission is 6 (Activity – 2, Respiration – 1, Circulation – 1, Consciousness – 1, O2 Saturation – 1).Oucher Pain Rating is 8VS – – 120 – 30 – 114/70 – 96% on O2 2L
17 What are the priority assessments that should be completed in PACU? What patient/family teaching should occur at this time?
18 Ready to leave PACU?? VS – 99.1 – 114 – 24 - 106/68 – 98% O2 2L Jose’s Aldrete Score is 8Oucher Pain Rating is 3
19 Based on this information is Jose ready to leave PACU? What information should be passed on in report from the PACU RN to the Pediatric RN?
20 Postoperative Orders Routine VS D5 ½ NS w/ 20 mEq KCl @ 75 mL/hr HL when taking fluidsGentamicin 45 mg IV q8 hrUnasyn 900 mg IV q 6 hrMorphine 1 mg IV q 1 hr prn painAcetaminophen 240 mg q 4 hr for T > 99.5 FClear liquids, advance as tolerated if no nauseaIS 10 times/hr while awakeOOB to chair this p.m.Notify MD T > 100.4CBC, Chem 14 in a.m.
21 Postoperative Assessment Alert & orientedLungs clearHR – 110 RegularBowel sounds hypoactiveOucher pain rating – 3Abdominal drsg dry & intactIVF infusing in RA at 75 mL/hrDenies nauseaDue to void
22 What other assessment & laboratory data should the nurse monitor? Why? Priority nursing diagnosesPotential complications? How do you assess for them?If Jose’s appendix had ruptured how would his care be different – what additional assessment findings should be seen?
23 Jose is recovering without complications Jose is recovering without complications. He has been advanced to a full liquid diet and his parents have questions about why he can not eat solid foods yetEncouragement is needed for Jose to ambulate & use the ISSurgical dressing remains in placeAntibiotics are being continued
24 How is this postoperative teaching completed? Anything else that needs to be taught??
25 DischargeJose is now being discharged home with his parents. He is tolerating a regular diet without nausea, had a bowel movement yesterday. His incision is well approximated with the staples intact, no drainage present. Pain is tolerable with prn acetaminophen (Tylenol).
26 What teaching needs to be included at discharge?
27 ReferencesRicci, S. and Kyle, T. (2008). Maternity and Pediatric Nursing. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.Smeltzer, S., Bare, B., Hinkle, J., Cheever, K. (2010). Brunner and Suddarth’s Medical Surgical Nursing. 12th ed. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.