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Education Adequacy : Strategies for Achieving Reform in Difficult Times John Poteat February 6, 2004

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Presentation on theme: "Education Adequacy : Strategies for Achieving Reform in Difficult Times John Poteat February 6, 2004"— Presentation transcript:

1 Education Adequacy : Strategies for Achieving Reform in Difficult Times John Poteat February 6, 2004

2 I. Who Pays for What? II. NC’s Funding Process III. NC’s Accountability model

3 What the Government Does w/ $14.7 B Education HHS Public Safety Debt $13.8 B Agriculture Commerce Environment & NR Clean Water Mgt. Labor Administration Auditor Cultural Resources General Assembly Governor Insurance Revenue Treasurer Secretary of St. State Health Plan Retiree Health Benefit

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6 School Finance Impact Impact on Other Agencies  Since 1997, Teacher Pay  $1.4 B  K-12 lion’s share of revenue (1% raise=$37 m)  Enrollment Growth=$125+m  ABCs bonuses=$776.5 m (equivalent to a 21% )  Education spending for K-12 & higher education= 58% of the budget

7 NC’s School Funding Process Wake is 152 Times Larger Than Hyde!

8 Wake ($673 m) Hyde ($7.4 m)Wake ($673 m) PPE $12,779$6,846 superintendent 1 1 teachers 766,372 principals5122

9 North Carolina’s Funding Process Position pays whatever is required Dollar fixed amount Categorical specific need or group teacher principals textbooks teacher assistants central office administration transportation disabled children at-risk children State will pay… 30 yr. teacher w/Ph.D. NBPTS =$58,440 new teacher=$ 25,250 State will pay… textbooks =$56.50 per child teacher assistants =$16,473 State will pay… disabled children=$ 2,720 per child

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11 State Average=$2,172 $4,825 $621 Source: 2003 Local School Finance study

12 County Spending Disparities Top Spending County Compared w/ Bottom Spending Counties

13 Disparities in County Funding “… there can be nothing unconstitutional about their doing so or in an inequality of opportunity occurring as a result.” --Leandro v. N.C. (1997)

14 North Carolina’s Model ABCs Accountability Model A=accountability for results B=focus on basics C=local control =K-8 schools; HS K-8:reading, math & writing (4 & 7) HS: 10 end-of-course tests Growth Model—schools have targets based upon the school’s population; meet or exceed growth targets

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17 ABCs & NCLB Major Features/Differences… A Growth Model versus an Absolute Standard Model ABCs is based on a continuous growth model – does one get better each year is the driving force behind the ABCs NCLB holds all schools to the same standard, regardless of where they are today.

18 ABCs & NCLB Major Features/Differences… ABCs Has Rewards & Consequences Financial/recognition for success –High Growth:$1,500/Expected Growth: $750 –Since , $776 million in bonuses Lowest performing schools get assistance teams NCLB has only consequences; NO Rewards

19 North Carolina Highlights… ABCs provides a roadmap for improvement General Assembly has appropriated additional resources for student improvement: –Low-Wealth Supplemental funding (since 1991: $621 m) –Financial Flexibility (83% can be transferred) –Improving Student Accountability –High-Priority Schools


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