Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the New Testament 1 27 January 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to the New Testament 1 27 January 2013
New Testament chart 2
4 Gospels 3 A gospel is an account that describes the life of Jesus of Nazareth. The word gospel derives from the Old English gōd-spell, meaning "good news" or "glad tidings".
Matthew Jesus as the King of the Jews MarkLukeJohn Jesus as the Son who came to Serve Jesus as the Perfect Teacher Jesus as the Son of God The Synoptic GospelsJohn
All four Gospel Accounts begin with a Statement of the True Identity of Jesus The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham (1:1)Matthew The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God (1:1).Mark …the holy Child shall be called the Son of God (1:35).Luke …and the Word was with God, and the Word was God (1:1).John
3 Synoptic Gospels 6 "Synoptic" means here that they can be "seen" or "read together," indicating the many parallels that exist among the three. It is widely believed that the three synoptic gospels derive from a common source or set of sources, and that they directly or indirectly borrowed from or were influenced by each other. The fourth gospel, the Gospel of John, presents a very different picture of Jesus and his ministry from the synoptics.
MATTHEW Introduction Five Sermons, each introduced by a historical narrative Death, Burial, and Resurrection Birth Baptism MARK IntroductionPublic Ministry Death, Burial, and Resurrection Baptism Private Ministry You are the Christ! LUKE Introductio n MiraclesDeath, Burial, and Resurrection Birth 12 years old Journey to Jerusalem
Synoptic Gospels Emphasize the Kingdom Inheritance John Emphasizes Eternal Life Inheritance Describes the various historical events Reflection on the meaning of those events Short Sayings of Jesus Longer Discourses of Jesus Emphasis on Future Prophecy Relatively little on Future Prophecy
1:1 Public Ministry 12:1 Private Ministry Period of three yearsPassion week Throughout IsraelJerusalem Written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God......and that believing you may have life in His name
Divine Preparation for NT Through the Jewish Nation Through the Greek Language Through the Romans The religious World at that time The collection of the Books of the New Testament.
The Religious & Political Leaders of Jesus’ Day ScribesJewish Experts at the interpretation of Scripture RabbisJewish teachers who passed on the scribes’ PhariseesA strict Jewish religious party who understood Scripture as literal, but sought to interpret it using oral Traditions SadduceesWealthy, upper-class descendants of the Jewish high priestly line who rejected the Old Testament except for the five books of Moses. HerodiansA political party of King Herod’s supporters ZealotsA fiercely patriotic group of Jews determined to over throw Roman rule.
ABOUT THE NEW TESTAMENT Like the Old Testament, the New Testament is not one book, but a collection of 27 individual books that reflect a wide range of themes, literary forms, and purposes.
MATTHEW Theme: The Kingdom of God Date: AD 60 Author: Matthew (Levi) Setting: Palestine
Survey of Matthew 1-4 Birth and Preparation of the King 5-8 Sermon on the Mount 7-20 Kingdom of God Proclaimed...Rejected Final Clashes with the Religious Leaders Death and Resurrection of Jesus, the King.
MARK Theme: The Suffering Servant Date written: A.D. 60 Author: John Mark Setting: Rome
Mark - Introduction Mark (his Roman Name) and John (his Jewish name) was not an eyewitness of the life of Jesus. But he is a close companion of the apostle Peter, who passed on the details of his association with Jesus to John Mark. Whereas Matthew wrote the gospel to a Jewish audience, Mark seems to target Roman believers.
Mark – Introduction Continues... Mark uses Latin, the Language of the Romans, for certain expressions as he writes his Gospel in Greek. Mark describes time according to the Roman system, carefully explains Jewish customs and omits the traditional Jewish genealogies as found in Matthew.
Mark – Introduction Continues... Mark presents Jesus as the suffering servant. He focuses more on Jesus’ deeds than His teachings. He demonstrates the humanity of Christ and describes His human emotions, His limitations as a human, ultimately His physical death.
Theme of the Book The message of Mark’s gospel is captured in a single verse: “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many” (10:45). Chapter by chapter, the book unfolds the dual focus of Christ’s life: Service and Sacrifice.
Survey of Mark To Serve T0 Sacrifice
LUKE Theme: The Perfect Man Date Written: AD Author: Luke, the beloved physician Where Written: Rome
Luke – Introduction Luke wanted to create an accurate, chronological, and comprehensive account of the unique life of Jesus the Christ to strengthen the faith of Gentile believers and stimulate saving faith among nonbelievers.
Luke – Introduction Continues... It is evident from the opening lines of this Gospel that it is addressed to a man named Theophilus. Its purpose is to give an accurate historical account of the unique life of Jesus. Luke, a doctor and the only Gentile (non-jew) author of the New Testament books, is writing to strengthen the faith of Gentiles, especially Greek believers.
Luke – Introduction Continues... He also desires to stimulate unbelieving Greeks to consider the claims that Jesus Christ is the perfect Man—the Son of Man—who came in sacrificial service to seek and to save sinful men.
Luke: Introduction Continues... The humanity and compassion of Jesus are repeatedly stressed in Luke’s gospel. Luke gives the most complete account of Christ’s ancestry, birth, and development. He is the ideal Son of Man who identified with the sorrow and plight of sinful men in order to carry our sorrows and offer us the priceless gift of salvation. Jesus alone fulfills the greek ideal of human perfection.
4 Beautiful Hymns in Luke The Magnificat of Mary – 1:46-55 The Benedictus of Zacharias – 1:67-79 The Gloria in Excelsis of the heavenly host (2:14) The Nunc Dimittis of Simeon – (2:28-32)
Survey of Luke Introduction of the Son of Man ( 1: 1 to 4:13) Ministry of the Son of Man (4:14 – 9:50) Rejection of the Son of Man (9:51 – 19:27) Crucifixion and Resurrection of the son of Man (19:28-24:53).
JOHN Theme: The Son of God Date Written: A.D Author: John, the disciple whom Jesus loved Setting: Palestine
John - Introduction 50 years since John witnessed the earthly life of Jesus The Christian faith has flourished and spread throughout the known world. But with growth has come great persecution by the Roman government. All Christ’s apostles have died or been martyred except for John.
John – Introduction Now an old man, John provides a supplement to what has already been written about Jesus in the first three gospel accounts. His account of Jesus presents the most powerful and direct case for the deity and humanity of the incarnate Son of God.
John – Introduction John draws mainly upon events and discourses not found in the other gospels to prove to his readers that Jesus is God in the flesh, the eternal Word come to earth, born to die as God’s sacrifice for human sin.
Purpose of Book of John John gives a precise statement of his purpose in writing: “These are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name” (John 20:31). In fact, he uses the term “believe” about 100 times to get the message across.
Theme of the Gospel of John The predominant theme of this gospel is the dual response of faith and unbelief in the person of Jesus Christ. Those who place their faith in the Son of God have eternal life, but those who reject Him are under the condemnation of God (3:36; 5:24-29; 10:27-29)– this is the basic issue.
John – Introduction John’s gospel is topical, not primarily chronological, and it revolves around seven miracles and seven “I am” statement of Christ.
Author – (John) Jesus nicknamed John and his brother James, “Sons of Thunder” (Mark 3:17). Their father was a zebedee, and their mother, Salome, served Jesus in Galilee and was present at His crucifixion (see Mark 15:40-41). He was among the 12 men who were selected to be apostles (Luke 6:12-16). “Pillar of the Church” – Gal 2:9. He went to Ephesus and later exiled by Romans for a time to the island of Patmos (Rev. 1:9).
The Seven “I Ams” of Jesus I am the bread of Life - John 6:35, 48 I am the light of the World – John 8:12, 9:5 I am the door – John 10:7, 9 I am the good shepherd - John 10: 11, 14 I am the resurrection and life – John 11:25 I am the way, the truth, and the life- John 14:6 I am the true vine – John 15:1, 5.
8 Signs of Jesus’ Divine Nature 1. Turning water to wine – John 2: Healing the Nobleman’s son – John 4: Healing the cripple at Bethesda – John 5: Feeding 5000 with 5 loaves and 2 fish – Jn. 6: Walking on water - John 6: Restoration sight to blind man – John 9: Raising Lazarus from the dead - John 11: Giving the disciples a large catch of fish – Jn. 21:1-14.
Survey of John The Incarnation of the Son of God (1:1-18) The Presentation of the Son of God (1:19 – 4:54) The Opposition to the Son of God (5:1 – 12:50) The preparation of the Disciples by the Son of God (13:1 – 17:26). The Crucifixion and Resurrection of the Son of God (18:1 – 21:25).
ACTS Theme: The Spread of the Gospel Date Written: A.D Author: Luke, a Greek physician Setting: Jerusalem to Rome
Acts - Introduction Acts is Luke’s account of the growth of the early Church. As a sequel to his account of the life of Jesus returned to heaven. He once again addresses his writing to a Greek named Theophilus.
Acts – Introduction In spite of severe opposition and persecution, the fearless church experiences explosive growth. Acts 1:8 provides an outline for the following 30 year record of the growth of the church, which begins in Jerusalem, spreads to Samaria, extends to the world.
Acts – Introduction Acts is the historical link between the Gospels and the Epistles. Because of Luke’s strong emphasis on the ministry of the Holy Spirit, the book should really be regards as the Acts of the Spirit of Christ working in through the apostles. As a missionary himself, Luke’s interest in the progressive spread of the gospel is obviously reflected in this apostolic history.
Mostly Peter Chapters 1-6 Chapters 7-12Chapters Peter & others Primarily Paul Church Established Church Scattered Church Extended Witness to Jerusalem and surrounding areas Witness to the world
Giving of the Law at Sinai (Exodus 19) Sons of Israel came together at Mount Sinai Filling of the Spirit at Pentecost (Acts 2) Believers were gathered in an upper room Loud trumpet sound (19:16) Noise like a violent, rushing wind Smoke of a furnaceTongues of fire 3000 killed by Levites for engaging in idolatry (32:28) 3000 made spiritually alive through faith in Christ
Damascus Jerusalem Joppa
Tarsus & Antioch Antioch Tarsus Salamis Seleucia 25 And he left for Tarsus to look for Saul; 26 and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. And it came about that for an entire year they met with the church, and taught considerable numbers; and the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch. (Acts 11:25-26)
Paul’s 3 Missionary Journeys THE THREE JOURNEYS DURATIONAREA OF FOCUS ACTS 13:2 – 14:28One YearCyprus, Galatia ACTS 15:35 – 18:22Two YearsCorinth ACTS 18:23 – 21:16Four YearsEphesus
Paul’s First Missionary Journey
Paul’s Second Missionary Journey
Paul’s Third Missionary Journey
Paul’s Final Journey to Rome
Acts 18:2-3 The Jews to leave Rome. He came to them, 3 and because he was of the same trade, he stayed with them and they were working; for by trade they were tent-makers. And he found a certain Jew named Aquila, a native of Pontus, having recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all
The Epistles are to the Gospels what the Prophets are to the Torah Torah EpistlesGospels Prophets
Foundational Epistles Romans 1 st & 2 nd Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1 st & 2 nd Thessalonians Prison Epistles Prophetic Epistles 1 st & 2 nd Timothy Titus Philemon Pastoral Epistles
Chapters 1-8 The Righteousness of God has been revealed… Chapters Chapters In judging sinners In saving believers In His dealings with Israel In the lives of those who follow Him DoctrinalPractical Obedience of Faith (1:5) Obedience of Faith (16:26)
I am not ashamed of the gospel… It is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes In it the righteousness of God is revealed How is the righteousness of God revealed in the gospel? In the wrath of God toward those who sin (Romans 1-3) In the grace of God toward those who believe (Romans 4-8)
The Righteousness of God is revealed… In judging the pagans who rejected Him (Chapter 1) In judging the pagans who rejected Him (Chapter 1) In judging the Jews who disobeyed Him (Chapter 2) In judging the Jews who disobeyed Him (Chapter 2) In judging all men who have sinned against Him (Chapter 3) In judging all men who have sinned against Him (Chapter 3)
Romans 3:23-25a The Basis of Salvation …for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith.
Justification Redemption We sinned Propitiation God’s grace How is a person Justified?
Not all Israel is Israel. God is sovereign and able to chose whom He wills. Salvation is offered to all who believe. Israel’s unbelief has resulted in blessings to the Gentiles. All Israel will be saved. What about Israel? How can we see God as righteous when His own chosen people do not believe and receive His promises?
Chapters 1-11 Doctrinal Chapters Practical So What? I Urge you… To present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice Do not be conformed to this world Be transformed by the renewing of your mind
Galatians Our Freedom in Christ
Galatians Chapters 1-2Chapters 3-4Chapters 5-6 HistoryDoctrinePractice Paul’s apostleship & vindication come from the Lord Man is justified through faith alone We are to walk by faith and love
Romans Calm reflectionPassionate, emotional Galatians Christianity in the study Christianity on the battlefield Later EpistleEarlier Epistle Justification by faith set forth systematically Justification by faith defended from attacks Our ConstitutionOur Declaration of Independence
Galatians 1:1-3 Paul, an apostle (not sent from men nor through the agency of man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised Him from the dead), 2 and all the brethren who are with me, To the churches of Galatia: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ…
Galatians 1:6-9 6 I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel; 7 which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you, and want to distort the gospel of Christ.
Galatians 1:8-9 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed! 9 As we have said before, so I say again now, if any man is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, he is to be accursed!
Paul and Jerusalem Paul’s Gospel did not come from Jerusalem (Chapter 1) Paul’s Gospel did not change in Jerusalem (2:1-10) Paul’s gospel was not changed by Jerusalem when they came to Antioch (2:11-16) Jerusalem Antioch
Who has Bewitched You? Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith? Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh? Did you suffer so many things in vain? Does God give the Spirit and Miracles by the Law or by Faith?
Salvation is through faith Appeal to of Abraham Appeal to the Law Appeal to the Tutor Appeal to Adoption Appeal to the Covenant Promise Appeal to friendship Appeal to Scripture
If you are free… Don’t be entangled in a yoke of bondage Don’t turn your Freedom into an Opportunity for The flesh Walk by the Spirit Bear one another’s Burdens Share all good things Do good to all men
Galatians 6:14-16 But may it never be that I would boast, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. 15 For neither is circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation. 16 And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.
1 & 2 Corinthians
Corinth A smelting pot of many peoples. Pagan cults. Immorality. Church plagued by division. Divorce Trend to glorify the scientific and philosophical and to ridicule the spiritual. The role of men and women in the church. Questions of the uses and misuses of the spiritual gifts.
1 Corinthians 1: Now I exhort you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all agree, and there be no divisions among you, but you be made complete in the same mind and in the same judgment. 11 For I have been informed concerning you, my brethren, by Chloe's people, that there are quarrels among you.
Chapters 1-6 Unity Divisions Need for Unity Necessary Divisions Chapters 7-10 Questions Single & Married Meat & Idols Chapters Errors Women & Worship Lord’s Supper Gifts Resurrection
2 Corinthians Introduction - 1:1-2:11 Ministry of the new covenant - 2:12-3:11 Ministers of the new covenant - 3:12-7:16 Ministry to the needy saints - 8:1-9:15 Paul's defense of his apostolic authority - 10:1-13:10 Conclusion - 13:11-14
The First Epistle to the Thessalonians An Encouraging Expectancy
God’s choice of you (1:2-5). Your imitation of Christ (1:6-8) Your turning to God (1:9-10) A shared salvation history Chapter 1
A shared salvation history Chapter 1 Paul’s ministry in Thessalonica Chapters Thessalonians 2:9. For you recall, brethren, our labor and hardship, how working night and day so as not to be a burden to any of you, we proclaimed to you the gospel of God.
A shared salvation history Chapter 1 Paul’s ministry in Thessalonica Chapters Thessalonians 3:1-2. Therefore when we could endure it no longer, we thought it best to be left behind at Athens alone, 2 and we sent Timothy, our brother and God's fellow worker in the gospel of Christ, to strengthen and encourage you as to your faith,
The principle stated (4:1) Sexual purity (4:3-8) Responsible work (4:9- 12). A Promise of Comfort in the face of Death (4:13- 18). A shared salvation history Chapter 1 Paul’s ministry in Thessalonica Chapters 2-3 Exhortation to walk in a worthy manner Chapter 4
Matthew 24 They will see the Son of man coming... (24:30). 1 Thessalonians 4 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven... (4:16). He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet (24:31). With the trumpet of God... (4:16). And they will gather together His elect from the four winds... (24:31). We who are alive shall be caught up together... (4:16). …coming on the CLOUDS of the sky... (24:30). We... shall be caught up together with them in CLOUDS (4:17).
A shared salvation history Living in light of the Day of the Lord (5:1-11). Attitudes toward Christians workers (5:12-13). Closing instructions (5:14-28). Chapter 1 Paul’s ministry in Thessalonica Chapters 2-3 Exhortation to walk in a worthy manner Chapter 4 Living in light of Christ’s return Chapter 5 What God has done in our lives How we are to live as a result of what God has done
1. Introduction 2. The Day of the Lord, thanksgiving, prayer 3. Call to prayer, discipline the lazy, conclusion 2 Thessalonians
The First Epistle to Timothy From Father to Son
GREECE ASIA MINOR Ephesus Macedonia
In the face of false teachin gs Chapter 1 Instructions… Chapter 2Chapters 3-4Chapter 5Chapter 6 For some men, straying from these things, have turned aside to fruitless discussion, 7 wanting to be teachers of the Law, even though they do not understand either what they are saying or the matters about which they make confident assertions. (1 Timothy 1:6-7 )
In the face of false teachin gs A call for men to pray (2:1-8). A call for women to adorn themselves modestly and with good works (2:9-15) Chapter 1 Instructions… Chapter 2 About men and women Chapters 3-4Chapter 5Chapter 6
In the face of false teachin gs Qualifications for leaders (3:1-16) False teachers (4:1-11) Personal instructions to Timothy (4:12-16) Chapter 1 Instructions… Chapter 2 About men and women For leaders Chapters 3-4Chapter 5Chapter 6
In the face of false teachin gs Honor to the elderly (5:1-2) Care for widows (5:3-16) Honor for elders & leaders (5:17-25) Chapter 1 Instructions… Chapter 2 About men and women For leaders Chapters 3-4 About the elderly Chapter 5Chapter 6
In the face of false teachin gs Slaves & Masters (6:1-2) Those who seek financial profit (6:3-10) A charge to personal faithfulness (6:11- 16) Instructions to the rich (6:17-19) Conclusion (6:20-21) Chapter 1 Instructions… Chapter 2 About men and women For leaders Chapters 3-4 About the elderly Chapter 5 In the face of false teachings Chapter 6
2 Timothy Paul’s last letter to his best friend and apprentice with exhortations to faithfully carry on the work of the preaching Christ with boldness
The Epistle to Titus Adorning the Gospel of God
True Leader s Opening Salutation (1:1-4). 1:1-9 Leaders 1:10-162:1-102:11-153:1-15 Laity TITUS – Adorning the Doctrine of God Paul, a bond-servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the faith of those chosen of God and the knowledge of the truth which is according to godliness, (Titus 1:1).
True Leader s Opening Salutation (1:1-4). 1:1-9 Leaders 1:10-162:1-102:11-153:1-15 Laity TITUS – Adorning the Doctrine of God …in the hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised long ages ago, 3 but at the proper time manifested, even His word, in the proclamation with which I was entrusted according to the commandment of God our Savior; avyeudhj qeoj
True Leader s Opening Salutation (1:1-4). Titus’ Job Description: To appoint elders in every city (1:5). Qualifications for elders/overseers (1:6-9) 1:1-9 Leaders 1:10-162:1-102:11-153:1-15 Laity TITUS – Adorning the Doctrine of God
True Leader s The Problem of Rebellious Men (1:10-11) The Testimony of Rebellious Men (1:12-13). The Solution for Rebellious Men (1:13-16) 1:1-9 Leaders 1:10-162:1-102:11-153:1-15 Laity False Teachers TITUS – Adorning the Doctrine of God
True Leader s Old men Old Women Young Women Young Men Titus as an example Slaves 1:1-9 Leaders 1:10-162:1-102:11-153:1-15 Laity False Teachers Instructions to Various Groups TITUS – Adorning the Doctrine of God
True Leader s The Grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation… Instructing us… To deny ungodliness To live… Looking for the appearing of Jesus 1:1-9 Leaders 1:10-162:1-102:11-153:1-15 Laity False Teachers Instructions to Various Groups Living for the appearing of Jesus TITUS – Adorning the Doctrine of God
True Leader s Reminder to do good works Reason for good works A Call to good works Rejection of those who cause divisions A practical exercise in good works 1:1-9 Leaders 1:10-162:1-102:11-153:1-15 Laity False Teachers Instructions to Various Groups Living for the appearing of Jesus Living in the light of Jesus TITUS – Adorning the Doctrine of God
General Epistles HebrewsJames 1 st & 2 nd Peter 1 st, 2 nd, & 3 rd John Jude
The Epistle to the Hebrews Jesus is Better
GOD, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days HAS SPOKEN TO US IN HIS SON, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world.
GOD… HAS SPOKEN TO US IN HIS SON, WHO He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He SAT DOWN at the right hand of the Majesty on high;
Than the angel s Hebrews Than Moses or Joshua As a High Priest Offering a better sacrifice Jesus is Better… 5-7 Providing a better Covenant As a way of Living Hold to Jesus… How to live as a result of holding to Jesus
Than the angel s Hebrews Than Moses or Joshua As a High Priest Offering a better sacrifice Jesus is Better… 5-7 Providing a better Covenant As a way of Living Beware of… Neglecting so great a Salvation Falling away from the Living God Not entering into his Rest
Than the angel s Hebrews Than Moses or Joshua As a High Priest Offering a better sacrifice Jesus is Better… 5-7 Providing a better Covenant As a way of Living Beware of… Neglecting so great a Salvation Falling away from the Living God Not entering into his Rest Not going on to Maturity Those who fall away from Jesus cannot renew to repentance
Than the angel s Hebrews Than Moses or Joshua As a High Priest Offering a better sacrifice Jesus is Better… 5-7 Providing a better Covenant As a way of Living Beware of… Neglecting so great a Salvation Falling away from the Living God Not entering into his Rest Not going on to Maturity Those who fall away from Jesus cannot renew to repentance There remains no more sacrifice for sins Coming short of the grace of God ─ that no root of bitterness cause trouble
The Epistle of James Faith Leading to Works
Characteristics of the Epistle of James A Lack of Personal Notes Little Mention is made of Christ Absence of a mention of Gentiles in the Church Christianity is not presented in contrast with Judaism
Epistle of James Problem with Partiality (2:1-13) Hearing & doing the Word (1:19-27) Asking God for Wisdom (1:1-18) Faith & Works (2:14-21) Wisdom from above (3:13-18) Taming the Tongue (3:1-12) Warnings… Over Quarrels & Conflicts (4:1-16) Against Arrogant Boasts (4:11-17) Against the Rich (5:1-11) About the need for Prayer (5:12-20)
The First Epistle of Peter Submissive Suffering
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who reside as aliens, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, who are chosen (1 Peter 1:1) Pontus Galatia Cappadocia Asia Bithynia
Call to Holy Living 1 Peter 1:1 - 2:12 Call to Submissive Living Call to Suffering 1 Peter 2:13 - 3:13 1 Peter 3:14 - 5:14
What kinds of persecutions do Christians around the world face today?
Past Chapter 1 PresentFuture Chapter 2Chapter 3 Holy Living False Teachers First Coming of the Lord Second Coming of the Lord Holy Living
The First Epistle of John Walking in the Light
The is a Book of Contrasts Light versus Darkness Truth versus Error Love versus Hatred Christians versus the World
The Rise of Gnosticism From the Greek word gnosis (“knowledge”). It would arise in the 2 nd century, but its seeds were already evident. The physical is bad; the spirit is good. Views of Jesus. Docetism: Christ only seemed to be human. Cerenthianism: The Divine Christ entered Jesus at His baptism and departed prior to His death. Salvation through secret knowledge.
Your walk in the light will be evidenced… In how you walk and in what you say In how you obey In how you live In how you love In how you believe 1 st JOHN WALKING IN THE LIGHT Chapter 1Chpt 2Chpt 3Chpt 4Chpt 5
2 John A brief letter written to either a sister in the Lord or perhaps a small house church meeting at her home Written to commend their faithfulness and encourage them to love one another and reject people in their fellowship who do not follow the teachings of Christ
3 John A brief letter written to Gaius Written to warn them of a leader named Diotrophes who loved to be first and was rejecting brothers sent by John Written to commend Demitrius
The Revelation of Jesus Christ The Final Chapter
Common Interpretations of Revelation Idealist View: Sees the book as showing the spiritual battle between good versus evil. Preterist View: Focuses on the first century fall of Jerusalem as the backdrop of the prophecies of this book Historical View: Sees the prophecies as depicting the course of history in this age Futurist View: Sees most of the events of the book as taking place in a time of future tribulation followed by the Second Coming
Eschatological Views Views of the Millennium and the future Church Age “Rapture” Tribulation Millennium Eternal State Second Coming Judgment
Church Age Tribulation Millennium Eternal State Second Coming Judgment (“Rapture”) Eschatological Views Views of the Millennium and the future
Church Age (Millennium) Eternal State Second Coming Judgment “Rapture” (Tribulation) Eschatological Views Views of the Millennium and the future
Church Age Millennium Eternal State “Rapture” Judgment Second Coming Eschatological Views Views of the Millennium and the future
Short Millennium “Rapture” Judgment Second Coming Church (Eternal State) 70 A.D. Eschatological Views Views of the Millennium and the future
Revelation Vision of Jesus and Seven letters to seven churches Throne of God & Scroll with seven seals 8-11 Seven trumpets Christ, the Dragon & the Seven Bowls The Harlot on Seven Hills & the Bride 20 The King reigns New Heaven & New Earth Each ends with a promise of 2 nd Coming Christ wipes away every tear (7:17) Christ will reign forever & ever (11:15) Fall of the nations “It is done” (16:17) Rider on the White Horse (19:16) Judge & Lake of Fire I am coming quickly (22:20)
Bibliography This Presentation was almost totally derived from the following sources: Pastor Saji Mathew, West London Church of God, John Stevenson, 2009, Understanding the New Testament, Wikipedia, 2013, Gospel, Living Stream Ministry, The New Testament Recovery Version Online, This presentation only includes portions of the above sources, so it is fair use to pass on to others for free for educational purposes.