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Deployed Forces Communications Military Application of PCS Applied CIS Technologies Branch CIS Division NATO Command, Control & Consultation Agency Email:

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Presentation on theme: "Deployed Forces Communications Military Application of PCS Applied CIS Technologies Branch CIS Division NATO Command, Control & Consultation Agency Email:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Deployed Forces Communications Military Application of PCS Applied CIS Technologies Branch CIS Division NATO Command, Control & Consultation Agency Applied CIS Technologies Branch CIS Division NATO Command, Control & Consultation Agency

2 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Introduction BackgroundBackground Military PCS Requirement and RolesMilitary PCS Requirement and Roles The Deployable TETRA System TestbedThe Deployable TETRA System Testbed PCS StudyPCS Study

3 NATO UNCLASSIFIED NC3A Divisional Organisation CIS Comms & IS Systems Applied CIS TechnologyApplied CIS Technology CIS Security TechnologyCIS Security Technology Core Information Systems Tech.Core Information Systems Tech. CIS Architecture and NetworksCIS Architecture and Networks Transmission Technology and SystemsTransmission Technology and Systems CCS C2 Systems C2 Concepts & Architecture C2 Systems Design C2 Technology Sensors & Surveillance Theatre Missile Defence Study Mgmt Team ORFS OR & Func. Services Architectures & C3I Analyses Studies, Analyses & OR Techniques Defence Planning & Information Mgmt Forces & Armaments Analyses Applications Development Exercises, Design & Scenario Development ACQAcquisition Project Management Cost Estimating and Analysis System Acquisition Contracting Integrated Logistics Support Quality Assurance Facilities

4 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Transmission Technology and Systems Branch (TTS) A5 (~18 people) Communications transmission technology and systems Transmission Technology and Systems Branch (TTS) A5 (~18 people) Communications transmission technology and systems Core Information Systems Technology Branch (IST) A5 (~18 people) Core AIS tools, structures and techniques Core Information Systems Technology Branch (IST) A5 (~18 people) Core AIS tools, structures and techniques CIS Architecture and Networks Branch (CAN) A5 (~18 people) CIS architectures, interoperability and network design CIS Architecture and Networks Branch (CAN) A5 (~18 people) CIS architectures, interoperability and network designApplied CIS Technology Branch Branch(ACT) A5 (~15 people) Emerging communications concepts and technologies concepts and technologiesApplied CIS Technology Branch Branch(ACT) A5 (~15 people) Emerging communications concepts and technologies concepts and technologies CIS Security Technology Branch (CST) A5 (~12 people) CIS security and protection techniques and technologies CIS Security Technology Branch (CST) A5 (~12 people) CIS security and protection techniques and technologies CIS Architecture Concepts and Interoperability Integration with Operational Architectures Modelling and Optimisation Requirements Capture and Performance Analysis Enterprise management Network design and Implementation Portals (NIP) Generic & Land/Naval/Air Deployed Comms Deployed Comms Personal Comms Systems Personal Comms Systems Secure GSM, G3.. Secure GSM, G3.. Private Mobile Radio Private Mobile Radio systems (TETRA) systems (TETRA) Wireless LANs, DVB, DAB Wireless LANs, DVB, DAB Asymmetric Comms systems/techniques Asymmetric Comms systems/techniques Narrow Band applications Narrow Band applications Compression technologies Compression technologies Information Security Transmission Security Computer Security Physical Security Threats and Countermeasures PKI Information Operations Network Security Operating Systems and IS integration tools Information Exchange techniques Directories and Services Data Base management Enterprise management Tools Geographic Information Systems technology Satcom Technology and Systems Radio Technology and Systems Propagation and Antennas Frequency and Spectrum Management Terrestrial transmission technology Communications and Information Systems Division Management Cell Communications and Information Systems Division Management Cell DSO Divisional Admin support (Div Staff officer)

5 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Deployable Communications Military PCS - Focus Areas End-End Secure GSMEnd-End Secure GSM Terrestrial Secure PMR/PAMR (TETRA, Tetrapol, …)Terrestrial Secure PMR/PAMR (TETRA, Tetrapol, …) Space-based PCS (Iridium, Globalstar, Inmarsat, …)Space-based PCS (Iridium, Globalstar, Inmarsat, …) PCS Study PCS Study

6 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Why PCS? NATO role has changedNATO role has changed PeacekeepingPeacekeeping Peace Support OperationsPeace Support Operations Crisis Response OperationsCrisis Response Operations Composition of forces has changedComposition of forces has changed Increasingly multi-service, multi-national (Combined, Joint)Increasingly multi-service, multi-national (Combined, Joint) Military budgets have changedMilitary budgets have changed

7 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Why PCS? “… The first requirement is for a secure cellular telephone that will operate throughout the EUCOM AOR. … Our frequent and rapid deployments throughout the theatre have shown a need for a small, secure, handheld cellular telephone similar in size, weight and design to the current commercial GSM handsets…” EUCOM J6, Feb 99

8 NATO UNCLASSIFIED PCS Features Attractive to Military Wide area coverage (potentially world-wide)Wide area coverage (potentially world-wide) High mobility: hand - held, vehicle/boat/aircraft- mountedHigh mobility: hand - held, vehicle/boat/aircraft- mounted Ease of useEase of use Cost (terminal cost low, but potentially high utilisation or infrastructure cost)Cost (terminal cost low, but potentially high utilisation or infrastructure cost) Rapid procurement (in times of crisis)Rapid procurement (in times of crisis) Multiple media, e. g. sat/terrestrial cellular/PAMRMultiple media, e. g. sat/terrestrial cellular/PAMR

9 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Crisis Response OperationsCrisis Response Operations  Policing/traffic control  Liaison (military unit/civilian organisation)  Reconnaissance  Liaison  Urban Patrols  Rural Patrols  Voice Command Net  Compound Security  Logistic Routes and Fleet Tracking  Military Intelligence and Other Special Forces Potential Military Use of PCS

10 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Potential Military Use of PCS (cont)  Capacity enhancement  Alternate means of communications  Engineering order wire/back-up  Special purpose, e. g. vehicle tracking Thales Vector End-End Secure TETRA

11 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Deployable TETRA System Configuration HiCom Digital PABX Command & Control System Base Station and Switch System Management COP, Web, , Clients COP, Web, App Servers Data Interface Mobile Radio Handheld Voice Users Access Router Portable Data Users ISDN AVLS Gateway MCCIS Mobile with GPS

12 NATO UNCLASSIFIED NC3A Deployable TETRA System JWID - Jun ‘01 Strong Resolve - Feb ‘02 Banja Luka - Apr ‘02 Combined Endeavor - May ‘02 System Mgt Dispatch Console Switch Base Station Controller Transceivers Antenna Coupler

13 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Automated Vehicle Location System “AVLS” Converts GPS Position, Speed and Direction in NMEA sentences received from TETRA over SDS to standard OTH Gold MessagesConverts GPS Position, Speed and Direction in NMEA sentences received from TETRA over SDS to standard OTH Gold Messages Sends Track messages to MCCIS or C2PC for display via network or serial interfaceSends Track messages to MCCIS or C2PC for display via network or serial interface Modular design supports position input from multiple sources (GSM, HF, etc.)Modular design supports position input from multiple sources (GSM, HF, etc.) Built on Linux for reliabilityBuilt on Linux for reliability

14 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Military PCS - Project Focus Areas End-End Secure GSMEnd-End Secure GSM Terrestrial Secure PMR/PAMR (TETRA, Tetrapol, …)Terrestrial Secure PMR/PAMR (TETRA, Tetrapol, …) Space-based PCS (Iridium, Globalstar, Inmarsat, …)Space-based PCS (Iridium, Globalstar, Inmarsat, …) PCS Study PCS Study

15 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Military PCS Study Overview NATO Combined Joint Task Force deployment for Crisis Response Operation ScenarioNATO Combined Joint Task Force deployment for Crisis Response Operation Scenario Consider technologies within 5 years of commercial service Consider technologies within 5 years of commercial service Preliminary study of all relevant technologiesPreliminary study of all relevant technologies More detailed study of representative available technologiesMore detailed study of representative available technologies Concurrent limited Evaluations & TrialsConcurrent limited Evaluations & Trials Scope constrained to a small number of space-based and terrestrial systems representing inherently different approaches e.g. LEO vs. MEO vs. GEO satellite systems, GSM vs. TETRAScope constrained to a small number of space-based and terrestrial systems representing inherently different approaches e.g. LEO vs. MEO vs. GEO satellite systems, GSM vs. TETRA

16 NATO UNCLASSIFIED PCS Study Methodology Derive PCS Comms RequirementsDerive PCS Comms Requirements Flow from identified scenario and security architectureFlow from identified scenario and security architecture Consider requirements for each phase of NATO deploymentConsider requirements for each phase of NATO deployment Develop Evaluation CriteriaDevelop Evaluation Criteria Mandatory & Optional/Desirable Capabilities & Services including SecurityMandatory & Optional/Desirable Capabilities & Services including Security Identify candidate technologies which meet requirements fromIdentify candidate technologies which meet requirements from Testbed experienceTestbed experience Specifications, standardsSpecifications, standards Vendor Web sitesVendor Web sites National agencies & labsNational agencies & labs Visits to/from industryVisits to/from industry

17 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Other PCS Activities AHWG of national technical, security and requirements staffs to promote security & interoperabilityAHWG of national technical, security and requirements staffs to promote security & interoperability Work with manufacturers and TETRA user community on End – End security standardsWork with manufacturers and TETRA user community on End – End security standards Feed military requirements in at an early stage of civil standards developmentFeed military requirements in at an early stage of civil standards development NC3A Military PCS Requirements WorkshopNC3A Military PCS Requirements Workshop Discuss available solutionsDiscuss available solutions Coordinate how NATO and nations can move forward togetherCoordinate how NATO and nations can move forward together Promote open standards and interoperabilityPromote open standards and interoperability

18 NATO UNCLASSIFIED Project DC PCS-Related Objectives Current Complete Study of PCS Technology for Military Communication RequirementsComplete Study of PCS Technology for Military Communication Requirements Evaluate and Demonstrate Selected Commercial PCS TechnologyEvaluate and Demonstrate Selected Commercial PCS Technology E - E Secure GSME - E Secure GSM Digital PMR/PAMR (TETRA)Digital PMR/PAMR (TETRA) Integration of Military PCS into NATO Comms ArchitectureIntegration of Military PCS into NATO Comms Architecture Integrate TETRA testbed infrastructure into deployable communication modules – demonstrate on field exercisesIntegrate TETRA testbed infrastructure into deployable communication modules – demonstrate on field exercises Continue work with mfgs and user groups on E - E securityContinue work with mfgs and user groups on E - E security Longer Term Promote the development of NATO security algorithms and profiles in co-operation with TETRA MoU, National Security Agencies and manufacturersPromote the development of NATO security algorithms and profiles in co-operation with TETRA MoU, National Security Agencies and manufacturers Evaluate evolving PCS technology including: GSM and future packet data service, authentication and air interface encryption, end-to-end security and multi-mode terminalsEvaluate evolving PCS technology including: GSM and future packet data service, authentication and air interface encryption, end-to-end security and multi-mode terminals Influence standards development?Influence standards development?


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