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Higher Business Management

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Presentation on theme: "Higher Business Management"— Presentation transcript:

1 Higher Business Management
Labour Payment Systems

2 Payment Systems Piece Rate Hourly (Time) Rate Flat Rate (Salary)
Commission Overtime Bonus Rate

3 Piece Rate Workers are paid per item they produce
Often used in factories The more a worker produces the higher the rate of pay Often acts as an incentive for employees to work hard Supervision is required so that workers do not sacrifice quality for quantity

4 Time Rate Workers are paid by the hour (e.g. £5 per hour)
Often used in the service sector It is simple to calculate for the employer and rewards the employee for the time spent at work No incentive to produce quality work

5 Flat Rate Workers are paid a set salary per annum
This is split into 12 equal payments Managers, supervisors and office staff are usually paid this method (and teachers) It gives employees a guaranteed monthly income – security Doesn’t reward staff for an increased high level of effort

6 Commission Workers are paid a percentage of the products’ sales value
Car salespersons and double-glazing sales representatives usually use this method Either added on to a basic pay or as the sole income Used as an incentive to motivate staff to sell more Supervisors must ensure everything is sold by the book…

7 Overtime When employees work a set amount of hours, overtime may be offered Employees will be paid more for this overtime Time and a half Double time Bank holidays, Sundays…

8 Bonus Rate Workers are paid a basic rate with additional payments for targets being met This could be for agreed time-keeping, productivity or efficiency A bonus is added on to their normal pay

9 Questions Some organisations use a flat rate system to pay employees. Describe 2 other types of payment systems. (4 marks) Distinguish between the following: Piece rate and time rate Flat rate and overtime Bonus rate and commission (3 marks)

10 Other Payment Methods Performance Related Pay Profit Sharing Schemes
- directly related to the output of each worker, usually in achievement of targets Profit Sharing Schemes - staff are given a share of the annual profits - in some cases the share of profits is paid in the form of free shares which gives the employees part-ownership of the organisation Share Save/Options Schemes - employees save a regular amount each month for a set period (usually 5 years) which they then turn their savings into shares to keep or sell at a profit - a successful method of payment which creates loyalty and motivation Fringe Benefits - any payments other than wages and salaries - includes private medical insurance, subsidised meals, company cars…

11 Employee Objectives Employees want their pay to:
Reward them for the work done To be seen as a recognition of their value to the organisation To give them purchasing power Be achieved through basic earnings rather than relying on overtime, etc

12 Employer Objectives Employers have a number of objectives they want to achieve when devising payment systems for their employees: Motivation - many believe that workers are motivated by money, and this is reflected in the number of employers who use performance related methods of payment Cost - employers want to keep the cost of labour as low as possible Prestige - employers want a good reputation of ‘good payers’. This improves their ability to recruit and retain staff

13 Questions Arnold Clark are considering ways of financially rewarding sales staff. Explain 3 payment methods which they could implement. (3 marks) Describe possible objectives an employee might have regarding pay. Compare these objectives with those of an employer. (2 marks)

14 Solution Arnold Clark are considering ways of financially rewarding sales staff. Explain 3 payment methods which they could implement. (3 marks) They could use commission. Workers are paid a percentage of the products’ sales value This would be suitable as it would motivate staff to sell more as they rely on commission to earn money. They could use a bonus scheme. Workers must achieve pre-agreed sales targets to earn the bonus. This would encourage staff to sell more which would increase the company’s turnover and profits. ?

15 Solution 2(a)

16 Solution 2(b)

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