Presentation on theme: "Objectives: Chapter 9: Data Centre Architecture VLAN definition and benefits * VLANs and broadcast domains * Routers role in VLANs * Types of VLANs * VLANs."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives: Chapter 9: Data Centre Architecture VLAN definition and benefits * VLANs and broadcast domains * Routers role in VLANs * Types of VLANs * VLANs protocols: ISL and 802.1Q * Configure static VLANs * Geographic VLANs
Why we build Data Centre Data center is a term used to describe the physical hosting of computer equipment in a shared data center environment that is mutually beneficial to various tenants without each incurring the full cost of designing, building, and maintaining the environment. Campus data center is designed to function as a hardware facility for the purpose of housing computing systems providing various mission-critical services to the campus. The data center is the heart of any Organization
What is it that makes a Data Center? Power Cooling Fire Security 100% Uptime Puzzle
Data Center Security There are four levels of security for physical access to securely hosted servers and equipment in data center. The first level is code access to the building. Everyone will need a private code or someone with a code to assist you to get into the building. The second level is biometric access to the floor. employees or data center visitors will need to pass a biometric Palm scanner to gain access to Data Center.
Data Center Security The third level is the card reader access to the server area. All access information such who and when gained access to the server area are logged. Security manager can review such access information at anytime. The fourth level is locked cabinets for securely hosted servers. Keys are required to open such locked cabinets.
Data Center Security In addition to four level physical access control, the data center is also monitored by security cameras.
Fire Detection & Suppression Supply, Testing and Commissioning of Kidde Fire Protection System or Approved Equal include optical / ionization smoke detectors and rate of rise heat detectors located within floors / ceilings and room space & Area below raised floor. FM200 extinguishing systems in both large data centers and small computer rooms Hi Fog fire suppression systems in some of the larger data centers.
Fire Detection & Suppression zoned fire alarm panelbreak glass units, sounders and alarm bells. optical / ionisation smoke detectors Gas going out valve
Data Center: Computer Room Power Ensuring the availability of critical data centre, power is at the top of a designers list. IT equipment must be supplied with a clean, consistent source of electrical power, which allows the equipment to avoid system errors and / or a system crash. The following systems are available in a Data centre: Power conditioning and UPS (interruptible Power Supply) systems. Standby diesel generator systems. Mains switchgear. General distribution and lighting.
Data Center: Room Air Conditioning power and environmental control / cooling are inseparable design criteria to achieve cost effective and reliable solutions, by using the following systems : Air conditioning - close control and comfort. ventilation and extract systems. Water detection systems - local and perimeter sensing.
Data Center: Room Build Raised floor (for cabling) Control Room Secure environment
< 1500 m Data Centre < 1500 m IDF IDF IDF IDF MDF OF MDF: Main Distribution Facility IDF: Intermediate Distribution Facility
1000BASE-TX 1000BASE-SX 1000BASE-LX Data centre bandwidth: Gigabit and 10 Giga Ethernet Gigabit Ethernet IEEE 802.3z
Data Centre Architecture
4x CPUs, 12GB Memory With Windows 2003 OS Storage SAN Fiber Connect GE (1000Mb/s) connection FE (100Mb/s) connection SCSI connection Users Workstation Main Network Datbase VLAN 2x 2Gbit Fiber Connections for Storage SAN to different Fiber Channel Switches for Load Balancing and Failover 2Gb/s Fiber Channel 16 Ports Switches Tap Library Store Edge L500 LTO 2 MS SQL Cluster MS Exchange Cluster Internal Web Server SAN Storage SQL Front- End Server Public Web Server Exchange Front -End Server Domain Controller Servers ISA Firewall and Caching Server Anti-virus ServerTest Server SMS Server Backup Server Data Center Network Servers Design 2x CPUs, 8GB Memory With Windows 2003 OS
Data Center Servers Configuration Design Network Services Application Services Visualization Services Storage services
Data Center Secure Connections Data Center network security are customized to each customer's needs. It can be a combination of : firewall on network routers and switches, dedicated network firewalls and checkpoints such as Netscreen, Cisco Pix, Watchguard firewalls, Firewall and antivirus Software on each server. Data transfers can be secured by VPN, SSL, and SSH Windows 2000-based Server/Router Windows 2000-based Server/Router Security Between NetworksRouter Router