Presentation on theme: "TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP III : Energy Efficiency Master Plan Hotel Grand Candi, 10-11 July 2011."— Presentation transcript:
TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP III : Energy Efficiency Master Plan Hotel Grand Candi, July 2011
Energy has a very important role and become a basic necessity in national sustainable development. Therefore, energy should be used sparingly, rational, and wisely so that the energy needs in the present and the future can be met.
If the policy to conserve energy, encourage use of renewable energy and carbon emission reduction is adopted, the energy requirement would be reduced by percent.
Presidential Instruction No. 9 of The steps of energy conservation through: a) The energy-saving campaign b) Training of conservation c) Demonstration and examples of energy-efficient appliances d) conservation technology R & D e) Development of energy audit, identify potential efficiency improvements f) Standardization
SECTOR FOR EFFICIENCY HOUSEHOLDBUSINESSINDUSTRY
The details and profile of energy use in the household sector, industrial, and commercial buildings in Central Java. 1 Identification of energy waste and potential savings in the household sector, industrial and commercial buildings. 2 Recommendations of energy saving measures. 3 The priority or order of application of energy conservation based on the technical, financial and environmental. 4 The feasibility study recommended Energy Conservation Projects which require a fee (medium / high cost). 5
ENERGY CONSERVATION POLICY 2007 Presiden Instruction No. 9 Year 1982 in Energy Conservation Presidential Decree No. 43 Year 1991 in Energy Conservation Master Plan in National Energy Conservation Year 1995 (Ministrial Decree No. 100/48/M.PE/1995) and revised in year 2005 Presiden Instruction No. 10 Year 2005 in Energy Eficiency and MESDM regulation No Year 2005 in Energy Efficiency Procedure. Law No. 30 Year 2007 Energy Presiden Instruction No. 2 Year 2008 in Energy and Water Efficiency 2008 Presiden Regulation No. 5 Year 2006 in National Energy Policy 2009 Government Regulation No.70 Year 2009 Energy Conservation 2002 Law No. 28 Year 2002 in buildings ENERGY CONSERVATION NATIONAL POLICY
LEGALBASISLEGALBASIS LEGALBASISLEGALBASIS Provide energy conservation information dissemination, such as campaigns, training, seminars workshops, and pilot. Efficient and Saving in Energy Usage Make regulations requiring the implementation of energy conservation to companies or industries, such as legislation, regulations regarding licensing in all sectors. Provide incentives related to energy conservation activities, such as providing investment incentives and awards for energy conservation. Impose energy conservation standards, such as SNI Energy Conservation in buildings in the law and licensing. Develop plans based electrical energy needs of efficiency. (Distric) Local Government / State Regional Regulation and Policy Efficiency 12435
ACTION PLAN FOR TECHNICAL Investment plan for the medium-term measures with a payback period of 1-5 years. Long-term strategy (eg. awareness campaign). Low cost or no cost by immediate action with a payback 1 year
Awareness and Education Campaign Training Education Pilot Project Dialog Forum Multi Sector Controlling Energy Audit Energy Management Standardization Procurement Inisiative Insentif Fiscal Insentive Subsidy diversion Appreciation Market transformation Partnership Procurement Initiative
No Cost. By turning off 2 bulbs in specific time (ex: 5pm – 10pm). Bulb has 60 Watts, every house can saves 600 watts.
in one month, every house can save : = Rp ,- Everymonth saving Rp ,- x = Rp It saves up to 108 GW LEVEL Price (Rp./kWh) HouseHold Type - 1 (450VA) 495,00 Type - 1 (900VA) 495,00 Type - 1 (1300VA) 790,00 Type - 1 (2200VA) 795,00 Type – 2 890,00 Type – ,00 AVERAGE 857,50
HOUSEHOLD SECTOR (investment plan) We are targeting people who want to change the light bulbs into energy saving lamps is 20%. Active time ± 5 hours. ConventionalEnergy Saving Life time ( hours)1.000, Replacement ( Month)8,0050,00 Energy Consumed (Watt)180,0042,00 Price (Rp)10.000, ,00 Electric Cost (1300VA)(IDR)790,00 Watt Hour per month8.280, ,00 kWh per month27,006,30 Monthly payment7.716, ,62 Monthly payment for 3 bulb23.150, ,87
Total Household Customer LEVEL Energy cost Total Household Per kwh (IDR) Customer Type - 1 (450VA)495, ,00 Type - 1 (900VA)495, ,00 Type - 1 (1300VA)790, ,00 Type - 1 (2200VA)795, ,00 Type - 1 (The Rest)795,000,00 Type – 2890, ,00 Type – , ,00 Type ,000, ,00
For three classes (450, 900, 1300 VA) For the one month: With the light bulb uses = 27 kWh With energy saver bulbs = 6,3 kWh 450 VA = 20,7 x 790 x 495 x = , VA = , VA = ,40 Total saving cost = Rp ,60 Save: 20,7 kWh
For the second month and so on we just need to accumulate of the total saving cost per month. With investment for three category is Rp ,- x total household customer x 20% = ,00 / month So NPV can be found as shown in the graphic: For three category (450, 900, 1300 VA)
For three classes (450, 900, 1300 VA) We can see that the payback will be got after almost only two-half months.
Replacement the refrigerator For general, the old refrigerator: 0,15 kW the new ones: 0,07 kW (single door) Using time is 24 hours and discount rate 12% / year. BEFORE : acc. Energy/month = 0,15 x 24 x 30 days = 108 acc. Energy cost = 108 x Rp 495,- = Rp ,- With IRR= 0,99 <<, DR = 0,01 Monthly cost = (IRR x DR x acc. Energy cost) = Rp ,69 AFTER : Rp ,63
Replacement the refrigerator
Energy cost saving = Rp ,06 PER MONTH With the investment to buy new refrigerator is Rp ,- The payback is after 60 month or five year.
PLN’s benefit PowerNumber ofTotal SubsidyEnergy Savings PLN regeneration cost Connected Targeted Customers50%(kWh) saving (IDR) 450 VA , , , VA , , , VA , , ,00 Total , ,00
Increasing the awareness of costumer’s electrical usage Replacing the conventional tools with the energy saving one
According to survey in a hotel in Central Java, because of time managing, this hotel can save the price up to Rp 62, a day. It mean, in 1 month, that hotel can save up to Rp.188, If all hotel in Central Java (106 star hotels) organize a usage of its electrical tools, hotel business in Central Java can save money up to Rp 20 million/month. Just imagine, there’s 1090 not starred hotels in Central Java.
With the same calculation with the household, for replacing 20 lamps, we get chart as below:
Comparison solar-fuel boiler with heat exchanger BoilerHeat Exchanger Price (Rp.)35,000,00042,000,000 Diesel Oil costRp 4,500- Diesel Oil cost (for 2500 VA)Rp 1,800/kWh- watt hours per days10,000- watt hours per month300,000- kWh per month Monthly payment540,
From the data above, it can be concluded that the boiler using additional cost per month as a fuel, while the heat exchanger is not. From the data above obtained calculation results that by replacing the heat exchanger obtained BEP (Break Event Point) in the next 11 months from the time of initial purchase.
The main factors of energy optimization are as follows: Settings "on time", just as long as needed only. Modifications at the time, detector occupancy, building automation systems, and so on. Optimal speed settings.
In PT PANCAMANUNGGAL WIRADINAMIKA SEMARANG. 70 %
11 kW 15 kW 18,5 kW DESIGN = 12,5 kW ACTUAL = 12,5 kW x SAFETY FACTOR = 12,5 kW x 1,3 = 16,25 kW OPTIONAL = 18,5 kW
SAVING : - REPLACEMENT MOTOR = 18,5 kW - 15 kW = 3,5 kW - INSTALLATION VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE = 18,5 kW - 12,5 kW = 6 kW VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE WILL USE ENERGY ACCORDING TO THE LOAD CAPACITY NEEDS.
The savings on motor done with the installation of temperature sensors and the installation of variable speed drives. Variable speed drives will use energy according to the capacity needs of the load by regulating the speed of the fan motor.
APPLYING THE PRINCIPLES: SPEED ≈ FLOW ≈ (PRESSURE) 2 ≈ (ENERGY) 3 0,9 SPEED ≈ 0,9 FLOW ≈ (0,9) 2 ≈ 0.81 PRESSURE ≈ (0,9) 3 ≈ 0,729 ENERGY RREDUCTION OF SPEED 10 % SSAVE ENERGY 27,1 %
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (I) IMPLEMENTATION VSD FOR COMPRESSOR 75kW IN PT TOSSA SAKTI SEMARANG MEASURING RESULT 50 Hz 15 Hz 45 Hz 15 Hz 50 Hz FREQUENSI UNLOADING LOADING UNLOADING LOADING UNLOADING LOADING T(A) S(A) R(A ) POSITION
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (I) MEASURING RESULT (2) Excellent52,1%3,86745 Hz VSD Very good46,6%4,31350 Hz VSD No good0%8,07550 Hz without VSD RESULTSAVING KWH 10minutes DESKRIPTION
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (II) IMPLEMENTATION VSD FOR WATER PUMP 30 kW IN PT TOSSA SAKTI SEMARANG MEASURING RESULT 10,5%42,2746,243,237,4After (50Hz) 35%30,5733,032,026,7After (45Hz) TSR 20,4 47,248,6 59,8%19,016,2After (40Hz) 0%47,2345,9Before(50Hz) SavingAmp Avg Amphere PhasaDescription
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (II) MEASURING RESULT (2) Very excellent 75,6%0,56040 Hz VSD excellent61,9%0,87645 Hz VSD Very good48,2%1,19050 Hz VSD No good0%2,30050 Hz without VSD RESULTSAVINGKWH 5minutes DESKRIPTION
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (II) CALCULATION RESULT Very excellent Rp ,00,56040 Hz after excellentRp ,00,87645 Hz after Very good Rp ,01,19050 Hz after No good0 rupiah2,30050 Hz before RESULTSAVING 1year KWH 5minutes DESKRIPTION
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (III) FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF ENERGY SAVING PROGRAM PT SINAR PANTJA DJAJA SEMARANG TOTAL kW’s MOTOR-MOTOR FAN AND PUMP SPINNING UNIT 1 = 382,5 kW SPINNING UNIT 2 = 420,0 kW SPINNING UNIT 3 = 577,5 kW SPINNING UNIT 4 = 594,0 kW TOTAL= 1.974,0 kW
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (III) TARGET of SAVING : TOTAL = 1.974,0 kW x 35 % PER HOUR = 690,9 kW x 24 h x 30 d PER MONTH = kW x Rp. 550,- = Rp ,- PER MONTH
ENERGY SAVING SUCCESS STORY (III) INVESTATION VSD = Rp ,- / kW PAYBACK PERIOD Rp. 1,974 M / Rp ,- PER MONTH 7,2 MONTH
HVAC SYSTEM HVAC : Heating Ventilation Air Conditioner The HVAC Drives Specialist has specifications advantages such as: Save money Easy commissioning Application menus Quick menu Motor Rotation Check PID-auto tuning Maintenance free Save space
ENERGY SAVING VSD implementation on the water pump with 55 kW at PDAM Kadipiro The measurement results (1) 20% After TSR 98940%9490Before SavingAmp Avg Amphere PhasaDescription
ENERGY SAVING The measurement result (2) Good28,5%6362,945 Hz VSD No good0%8900,9850 Hz tanpa VSD RESULTSAVINGKWH 7 Days DESKRIPSI
ENERGY SAVING The Measuring result. Without Inverter: 8900,98 / 168 hours = 52,98 kWh With Inverter 6362,9 / 168 hours = 27,87 So, it saves energy 25,11 kWh.
ENERGY SAVING With Target saving: Total = 25,11 x 24 x 30 days per month = 18079,2 kW x Rp. 765,- = Rp ,- per month With investment: VSD 55 kW = Rp ,- Payback Periode: / = 2,2 months