3An introduction to land ownership in the Philippines As Church planters we will be involved in land issues in the following ways;- Helping squatter communities get titlefor their land so they can secure tenure- Finding land on which to build a Churchthat is legal to ensure security of title
4Title documents in the Philippines TCT - Transfer Certificate of TitleOCT - Original Certificate of TitleLRA – Land Registry Authority is under the Department of JusticeAll documents are registered with the Registrar of Deeds at the Land Registry AuthorityA parcel of land is called a Lot.
5Re-constituted titles When land has been misused and land owners may apply for a re-constituted title to correct and anomaly new titles will only be issued after new subdivision plans have been submitted by an attorney. This process with take about one year.Never buy land without first sighting the title and checking that the buildings are correctly positioned on the Lot
6Legal descriptions Lot No. ???, Certificate of Title No. ???? Subdivision Plan – shows how the land is to be sub-divided and it must be approved by the Government. Then the parcels of land involved in the subdivision are allocated a Lot No. and appear on a Certificate of Title.
7Number of dwellings on a lot? On one lot there may be a number of dwellings. These are divided into dwellings A, B, C, D, etc.The Local authority building department has rules related to how many dwellings can be legally built on a lot. You must find out this information before building dwellings on the Lot.
8SurveyingTo be sure where the boundaries of the land are you employ a surveyor to ascertain where the boundaries of the land areThe Surveyor finds or calculates survey points from which to calculate the boundaries of the Lot.The survey points are usually marked in the street
9Building PermitTo construct buildings on the land you need to obtain a building permit
10Construction Construction has two main components; - Land development Never buy land until you have seen thelegitimate title to the land and madesure the person selling to you is thelegitimate owner. Employ and Attorneyto help you in this process- BuildingNever build a building without a buildingpermit
11Land Ownership –acquired, rights (temporary with authorization or without)Development –earthmoving, roads, curbs and gutter, drainage, water line, sewer line, light, telephone, gas pipeline etc.Cost estimate in 2005 ranges from P1,000 to P10,000 per square meter
12Building Cost estimates should be between P15,000 to P30,000 per square meter.Plans, designs, structural strength calculations and specifications will be needed to be submitted with the building permit applicationEstimate the total amount to build making a list of all materials and costs involved in the projectFunds. Ensure that all funds are accounted for and sufficient to pay for the whole project
13Implementation of the construction Start only after you have got the building permitMake arrangements for temporary facilities for the Church to meet in while the construction is underwayActual construction involves civil works-layout, excavation, soil testing for strength, foundation laying, rebars, form works for the steel in the foundation tied into the walls, columns, beams, concrete pouring, slabs, plumbing, masonry, electrical, waterline, fire hydrant, extinguishers, stairs, ceiling, partitions, tile works, roofing, water tanks, water proofing etc.Finishing works – floor finishes, wall finishes, lattice works and interior designs, painting and varnishing, lighting, and curtains etc