Presentation on theme: "WASH Sector Coordination Model in Kenya"— Presentation transcript:
1WASH Sector Coordination Model in Kenya Acknowledgements WESCOORD - Jane Maonga-Jones (UNICEF) and Eliud Wamwangi (MoWI)
2What is an emergency in Kenya’s context??… Slow-onset disasters that take a long time to produce emergency conditions…Sudden unexpected situations that pose immediate risk to health, life, property or environment…GoK
4Kenya: A recent history of Natural and Man-made Disasters Year Type of disaster Area of Coverage No. of People affected2011 Drought Arid and semi-Arid areas 3 Million2009 Drought Arid and semi-Arid areas 1 Million2007/8 Post-election Violence Widespread 1500(deaths) 500,000(displaced)2005/6 Drought then Floods Widespread 3 Million +Landslides Nyeri, Othaya, Kihuri 5 deathsLandslides Meru Central, Muranga, Nandi 2,000Floods Nyanza, Busia, Tana river basin 150,0001999/ La Nina Drought Widespread million1997/98 El Nino Flood Widespread million1997 Post-election Violence Rift valley/Coast 300,000 (displaced)1995/96 Drought Widespread million1992 Post-election Violence Rift valley/Western/Nyanza 127 (deaths) 120,000 (displaced) 1991/92 Drought Arid and semi-Arid districts 1.5 millionFloods Nyanza and Western 10,0001983/84 Drought Widespread 200,000Floods Nyanza 4,000Drought Widespread 40,000Drought Widespread 20,000Drought Widespread 16,000Source : (Part of it) Republic of Kenya National Policy on Disaster Management ( revised Draft)GoK
5Coordination Structures for Emergency Response Government of KenyaCoordination Structures for Emergency ResponseGoK
6TIMELINE: WASH Sector Coordination in Kenya 2001: WESCOORD formed as a sector working group under the Kenya Food Security Steering Group to respond to the drought emergency2005:Cluster system activated globally - but not in Kenya2007:A review of the humanitarian coordination structures recommends inclusion of other hazards besides drought2008:Activation of the Cluster system in Kenya to respond to Post Election Violence.2009:10 Clusters - including WESCOORD are handed over to the GoK line ministries.2011:Horn of Africa drought crisis. MoWI take lead in the response, with UNICEF taking on the role of sector co-leads2012: Looking Beyond Drought EmergenciesGoK
7Key Sectors/Actors involved in WESCOORD MoWIMoPHSLocal/ International WASH implementing agenciesUNICEFNutritionEducationPrimary actorsSecondary actorsHealthGoK
8WASH Sector Coordination Structure: National WESCOORD support officer - SecretariatWESCOORD support officer - KFSSGSanitation and Hygiene Promotion Chair (MoPHS)Sanitation &WESCOORD support officer - KFSSGOfficerWater(FAO/OGB)Info Mngt TWGGoK
9WASH Sector Coordination Structure: Sub-National level District Steering GroupWESCOORD Chair/District Water OfficerWESCOORD Co-chair/ District Public Health OfficerFocal WASH Agency (NGO)District WESCOORD Executive CommitteeLocal & International WASH ActorsGoK
10Members of the National WESCOORD Strategic Advisory Group MoPHSMoWIWORLD CARESGoK
11Some outputs from the WASH Sector TWGs National Water Policy (2012)National Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy (2012/draft)Draft Cholera Prevention and Control Plan (2011)Flood Mitigation Strategy (MoWI )Household Water Treatment and Storage Guidelines (2012)National School Health Policy (2009)Cholera EPR trainingSub-national coordination trainingOther contributions:WASH Sector preparedness and response plans (CAP)Emergency Water Trucking Policy Briefing Paper (2009) –WESCOORD Emergency Water Trucking Guidelines (2011)WESCOORD Cholera Strategy (2011)Community Water Management Committees Training manualGoK
12WASH: Who is doing What Where (in Kenya) - as of September 2012 GoK
14www.wescoord.or.ke What else is on the website? Hygiene Promotion WG pageDistrict pages – Garissa/Wajir up’n running ……Links to other interesting stuff…..For instance Majidata = urban WASH data; GOK WRMA (permits and info.)Technical resources incl. Sand dams, EWT guidelines, etc.
15Lessons Learnt from the Coordination Model… so far: Kenya = Hybrid model (sector leadership using cluster approach)This model provides an opportunity for integration of long-term programming in humanitarian response planning (focus on DRR)Advocacy from within: “Positioning” of humanitarian issues with relevant line ministries (through TWGs) to influence policy decisionsCoordination capacity: Double-hatting nature of WESCOORD government staff roles makes effective coordination difficultSense of urgency to deal with rapid onset emergencies lacking in government officers - who are also involved in development workMismatched priorities? WASH Sector focus on resilience building/ DRR efforts not adequately backed by donor fundingWhat do “they” know that “we” don’t?? Political correctness affects how certain humanitarian issues are addressed (e.g. contingency planning efforts for the upcoming elections)GoK
16Some (two) Challenges…. Positioning WESCOORD in the Sector/Ministry.ReliefRecoveryResiliance (Devt.)Maintaining WESCOORD’s momentum2007/82011/12201?
17Highlights for Jan/Feb 2012 Sub-national Coordination Training:1. Turkana, W. Pokot, Baringo2. Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, T River3. Samburu, Isiolo, Marsabit (Moyale)4. CoastSand Dam Symposium.IM Training GarissaLaunch TOT Manual Community WR Manag’t
20What Next? GoK In country: Formalize Coordination role: Partnership Agreement Framework between the WASH line Ministries.WESCOORD as Platform for integration of long-term programming with humanitarian response for sustainabilityFocus on Emergency preparedness DRR/ Resilience building approachesLocal/ national coordination capacity buildingDevolution Politics and WASH: Opportunities in the new constitution (integrating the WASH sector into decentralized structures at sub-national levels - counties)Regional/Global WASH Cluster support:Surge capacities in time of crisis - especially for sudden onset emergenciesSupport to adapt GWC tools to the Kenyan contextDocumentation and sharing of WASH sector best practices (structures, processes, approaches, etc.)Support resource mobilization efforts (lobbying for funding for preparedness/DRR/recovery actions)Support efforts for capacity building (e.g. on emergency preparedness and contingency planning)GoK
21What lessons for us? Similarities but also differences Different ministries engagement/line ministry changesEven with almost constant crisis participation fluctuates in Kenya. How to keep members interested & engaged?Sub national challengesSector coordination (for development) v. emergency preparedness and response. Equal needs.Maintain emergency task force/SAG?TWGsInformation: a critical need.Ministry unlikely to manage on its own (UNICEF traditionally provides support) – Provinces?
22Thank you!Asante sana!cartoons from WESCOORD annual report: ex World Bank Water & Sanitation Programme