Presentation on theme: "patient education for those scheduled for surgery"— Presentation transcript:
1patient education for those scheduled for surgery Total Hip Replacement
2Discussion of Arthritis patient educationfor those scheduled for surgeryDiscussion of Arthritis
3What Are The Major Causes of Joint Pain? OsteoarthritisPost Traumatic ArthritisRheumatoid ArthritisAvascular NecrosisPaget’s DiseaseSystemic Lupus
4Osteoarthritis of the Hip LigamentsFemurPelvisFemoral HeadDiseased Femoral HeadHealthy HipArthritic Hip
5Total Hip Replacement: The Implant LigamentsAcetabular Cup& AcetabularHeadFemurStemPelvisFemoral HeadModular NeckHealthy HipPost-Surgery, with BFH® Implant
6Total Hip Replacement: Animated 1. To load animation, right-click on the animation box. Select “Play”.2. Use mouse and click on “see step-by-step” to walk through animation.After animation is completed, click twice on slide background to move forward to next presentation slide
7Surgical Pro’s Major Improvement: Pain - Less or no pain medication Return to normal, daily activitiesFitness & recreation
8patient education for those scheduled for surgery Discussion of Surgery
9Preparation for Surgery Advance preparation helps reduce complications both during and after the operationA well informed patient recovers quicker, and studies show thisMedical evaluation & diagnostic tests will be performedThink AheadSpecial parking permit? Discuss this with your surgeonPrepare your bodyPrepare your home
10Preparing for Surgery: Your Body Medications: Advise your surgeon of all medications you're currently taking, prescription or over-the-counter.Prepare Your Skin: Your skin should be free of any infections or irritations before your surgery.Donate Blood: Although not critical, you may choose to donate blood in case you need a transfusion after surgeryFinish Dental Work: If possible, finalize all dental work before your hip replacement surgery.
11Preparing for Surgery: Your Body Lose Weight: If you are overweight, it's a good idea to drop some pounds before surgery if possible.Stop Smoking and Drinking: It's advisable to quit smoking - or at least cut back - prior to your operation. Don't drink alcohol for at least 48 hours prior to your surgery.Urinary Evaluation: If you have a history of frequent urinary infections, schedule a urological evaluation before your surgery. This is especially important for men with prostate disease.Exercise: Exercise prior to surgery to increase your strength, so you will have flexibility to exercise after your surgery.
12Preparing for Surgery: Your Home Rearrange Furniture: Create wide traffic paths and remove obstaclesCheck your shoes: Wear rubber-soled shoes to prevent slippingRemove electrical cords: To avoid tripping, remove them, hide them or tape them to the floorPack up the throw rugs: Rugs can shift or bunch, causing you to slip or trip.Watch the floor: Always keep an eye on the floor to avoid tripping over pets or small objects.Purchase assistive devices: i.e. long handled grabber, raised toilet seat, shower bench, hand grips
13Preparing for Surgery: Your Home Stock up on food: Store all supplies between waist and shoulder level to avoid bending.Prepare a bed downstairs: Prepare a bed on the ground floor of your home to use temporarilyGet help with household chores: Arrange a short stay at an extended care rehab facility or ask family and friends to help out.Insurance: Check with your carrier in advance to see if you need pre-certification for surgery, as well as whether your insurance plan covers a private room
14Preparing for Surgery: Your Home Don’t forget your pets: Arrange for someone to care for them. You don't want to trip over them or have them possibly knock you down, and you may have problems picking them up or cleaning up after them.
15The Day of SurgeryPlan to arrive at the hospital 2 hours prior to surgery to fill out pre-admission paperwork.Make sure you bring:Your health insurance cardA list of your medications and any allergiesYour living will or power of attorneyEmergency contact info
16The Day of Surgery Don't wear jewelry or makeup Remove nail polish, dentures and contact lenses or glassesDo not use lotion, perfume or deodorantDon't eat or drink anything after midnight on the night before your surgeryYou may brush your teeth and rinse your mouth, but don't swallow any water
17Before SurgeryAfter the paperwork is completed, your nurse will review your personal health history and your home medications with you. It's important that you share any recent changes in your health.You'll also be asked to remove your clothing and put on a hospital gown. Then you'll be assigned to a bed in the preoperative holding area.
18Preoperative Holding A nurse will start an intravenous infusion An anesthesiologist will discusses with you the type of anesthesia best for your caseAnesthesia is designed to make the procedure as comfortable as possible for yougeneral anesthetic (asleep)spinal anesthetic (awake, but no feeling from waist down)
19Preoperative HoldingAnswer questions: Regarding your medication, allergies, medical history, and your vital signs will be taken.Receive medication: You'll be given medication to help you relax.Say goodbye to your family: They'll be taken to a waiting area where they can be kept informed of your progress during surgery.You'll then be wheeled into your operating room.
20The Procedure – Operating Room In the OR, you'll be moved from your gurney onto the operating bedTemperature is intentionally cool to help prevent infectionsNursing team will cover you with blankets to keep you warmEKG electrodes will be placed on your chest and sides to monitor your heartThen the anesthesiologist will inject medication through your IV line.A nurse may insert a urinary catheter - a thin, sterile tube inserted into your bladder to drain urine.The surgery itself generally takes between 45 minutes to 2 hours.
21The Procedure – Operating Room Surgeon determines what length of incision will be needed.Minimally-invasive surgery technique (2-3 inches)preserves vital muscles & tendonsless pain, scarring, blood loss, and increased function immediately after surgery.Traditional hip surgery (6-8 inches)
22The Procedure - Recovery Room You'll awaken slowly in the recovery room, where you'll spend your first hour or two after surgery.Your nurse will constantly monitor your progress to ensure that your vital signs are stable.
23The Procedure - After Surgery After the recovery room, you'll be taken to your hospital room.Bulky dressing over the surgical incision and may have a drain in place to help decrease swelling of your hip.Your heels will be elevated to decrease pressure on the surgically repaired hip.You'll also be hooked up to an IV line, through which you'll receive fluids and medication (including an antibiotic).
24The Procedure - After Surgery You'll remain in bed sitting up with nurse's assistanceNursing team will regularly turn you and provide skin careBe sure to tell them if you experience any tender or burning areasStart your home medications as soon as you can tolerate liquidsDiet will be initially limited, the range of foods available to you will increase as your appetite returnsMedications will help reduce any nausea
25Hospital Stay Day after your surgery Technician will draw blood; IV fluids and medications will continueNurse will help you to move into a reclining wheelchairSecond day after surgeryNurse will remove your incisional drain and catheterIV fluids may be stopped, and social services will discuss discharge planning with youThird day after surgeryMost patients dischargedYou'll be able to visit the bathroom with walkerStaff will show you how to maintain proper hip alignment using the toilet
26Hospital DischargeYour nurse will change your dressing and teach you on how to care for your incision site at homeYour pain medication pump will also be discontinued.You’ll receive discharge orders and instructions. If you are not discharged to your home, you'll go to a rehab unit, extended care or skilled nursing unit
27Your Healthcare Team Orthopaedic Surgeon: surgery and recovery During your surgery and rehabilitation, you'll work closely with a healthcare team that includes the following people:Orthopaedic Surgeon: surgery and recoveryNurses: Pre and post-op surgery and pain managementPhysical Therapist (PT): Muscle strengthening and exerciseOccupational Therapist (OT): Daily activity management Case Manager: Discharge
28Pain ManagementAsk for pain management BEFORE the pain becomes too intense to handleFatigue decreases your tolerance for pain, so avoid becoming overtiredPace your activities to allow for rest periodsIf you're not sleeping well, inform your nurseYour doctor may prescribe medication
29Patient-Controlled Analgesia. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) provides optimal pain relief without the use of injectionsIntravenous, continual, small dose of pain medicationSmall, computerized pump allows you to self-administer an additional amount of medicine as neededAll you have to do is push a button
30Increasing Muscle Strength Key to rehabilitating your hipA physical therapist (PT) will visit you toReview essential exercisesCover what to expect from your first therapy sessionAnswer any questions.You'll begin walking and other exercises a day or two after surgeryIn most hospitals, therapy is performed twice a day.
31Body Alignment Proper body alignment helps lessen pain Nursing staff will help you change position at frequent intervals to maximize comfortDon't try to turn on your own following surgery, ask for help whenever you want to shift positionKeep a pillow between your legs when sleeping.
32Pain MedicationsSeveral types of anti-pain medications: narcotic and non-narcotic pain relievers, muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatoriesAdministered through injections, in pills or via an IV tubeYour doctor may prescribe a combinationIf medication does not successfully control your pain, alert your nurse
33Pain Medication Side Effects Most common side effects of pain medications:upset stomach, nausea, constipation and drowsinessAlways take medication with somethingMilk, juice, crackersChoose HIGH FIBER foods and fruit juicesDrink 5-6 glasses of water dailyIf no bowel movement in 3 days, inform your nurse
34Prevention of Infection The risk of infection following hip surgery is low, however it's important to take the possibility seriously.Notify your orthopaedic surgeon if:The incision site has drainage, redness, swelling and/or foul odor. You think that you may have an infection.an ingrown toenail, bladder infection, skin sores, a tooth abscess, etc. You have ncreased hip pain at rest or when active.You undergo a procedure through which bacteria might spread into your bloodstream.You have a persistent fever above 101°F for 2 days.
35Deep Vein Thrombosis (Blood Clots) Notify your orthopaedic surgeon if you have blood clot symptoms:Chest painShortness of breathDrainage or foul odor from the incisionRedness at the incision siteRedness, warmth or pain in legsExcessive pain or swelling in the hip, calf or feetElevated temperature of more than 101ºF
36Rehabilitation Rehabilitation can take weeks or months Dependent on the state of your health before the operationHow well you follow the rehab regimenBe cautious with your new hip and avoid overly strenuous or prohibited activitiesBe patient - your recovery will take some time and effortYou should again be able to enjoy most of the same activities you did before hip pain
37RehabilitationUsing a Walker: Start slowly by moving the walker a few inches in front of you, taking small, even stepsUsing Crutches: Require a considerable amount of upper body strength, so their use is advisable only for certain patientsExercises: Your physical therapist will show you exercises designed to strengthen your muscles and increase your range of motion
38When to Call Your Doctor If you experience swelling around the surgical incision, or in a calf or legIf you have unusual hip or leg painIf the incision leaks fluidIf you have trouble breathing or experience chest painsIf you have fever over 101ºF for 2 days
40Living With Your New Hip - Diet May experience some loss of appetiteEat a healthy, balanced dietAdvisable to take an iron supplement or eat iron-rich foods to help restore muscle strength and promote tissue healingDrink plenty of fluids
41New Hip – Getting Into Vehicles Make sure that the passenger seat is pushed all the way back in your vehicleLower yourself carefully onto the seat, keeping your operated leg forward and allowing the seat to support youSlide back onto the seat in a semi-reclining position and pivot your body so that you're facing the front of the vehiclePull your legs into the vehicle one at a time
42New Hip - Walking Back to Health Walking is essential to your recoveryMake walking part of your daily routine, gradually increasing the amount of time you spend doing itFocus on walking heel to toe with a smooth motion, spending equal weight and time on each footAs your recovery progresses, move on to more advanced activities, like stairs
43New Hip - Aids to Assist You Bathing: Your therapist or nurse will show you how to use a shower bench or chair while bathing. Use a long-handled sponge, shower hose or hand-held showerhead to make bathing easier. You may also want to consider having grab bars installed in your shower or bathtub to provide support as you get in and out.Hand Grips: Install handrails or safety bars next to stairs. If you already have these in place, secure them firmly before your surgery.
44New Hip - Aids to Assist You Toilet: Use a raised toilet seat to keep your hip in a more stable position and minimize bending.Dressing: To avoid bending, try to dress while sitting on a chair. A sock aid and long-handled shoehorn can assist you.Housekeeping and Cooking: Use a long-handled reacher or grabber for objects too high or low for you to to reach without stretching or bending.
45New Hip - Best Standing Positions When stepping up on a curb, move as close to your walker as possible, then put your weight on both legs and lift it onto the sidewalk. Step onto the sidewalk first with the un-operated leg. Using the walker to support your weight, bring up the operated leg.Use your good leg first in walking up stairs, then bring your operated leg up to meet it. When going downstairs, always step down with your operated leg first.
46New Hip – Best Sitting Positions To sit, back up until the edge of the chair or bed touches your leg. Then, using the armrests to support your weight, lower yourself into a sitting position. To stand, reverse these steps.Use a firm chair with a straight back, armrests and a high seat.Always sit with your knees level with or lower than your hips. (Don’t cross your legs.)Always sit with your back upright.Keep both feet on the floor and your hips 6 inches apart.Don't let your hip cross the midline of your body.
47New Hip – Getting Out of Bed Get out of bed on the side of your prosthetic hip, keeping your thighs apart.Pivot on your hips, using your arms to help. With your good leg, gradually scoot to the edge of the bed. Keep your operated leg out to the side. Do not twist it inward.Sit on the edge of the bed with your operated leg slightly forward. With your hands behind your hips, push up - without bending forward - to stand up.
48New Hip – Using the Toilet When using the toilet, step back until you feel the toilet touch the back of your legs.Place your operated leg in front of you, keeping your weight on the other leg.Looking behind you, grasp the side rails and lower yourself onto the front of the toilet, then edge back. To stand up, reverse these steps.
49New Hip - IntimacyPartial hip replacement patients may resume sexual activity when comfortable, as restrictions are minimal.Total hip replacement patients may usually resume sexual activity 4-6 weeks after surgery.Always ask your doctor first, though, as this timeframe varies depending on your type of prosthesis.
50Frequently Asked Questions When will my staples be removed? Staples are removed approximately days after your surgery.How long do I wear the white support stockings? This varies by doctor and individual recovery times. Generally speaking, the stockings should be worn during the day, but can be removed at night. If there is no swelling after 2-3 weeks, use can be discontinued.
51Frequently Asked Questions When do I start physical therapy? It varies by case and by doctor. Ask your surgeon for his preference. How much weight will my surgical leg bear? It depends on the type of surgery and your doctor's individual preference. Usually, partial weight bearing is recommended.
52Frequently Asked Questions When can I drive? This also varies by doctor and also depends on the type of surgery performed. Usually, you'll be able to drive within 2-6 weeks - your doctor will let you know when it's safe.When can I swim? Most doctors agree that you should wait 6 weeks before beginning active swimming. However, walking in water is great rehabilitative exercise.
53Frequently Asked Questions When can I take a shower? You may shower after surgery. Leave the dressing in place. Afterward, remove the dressing, dry completely, clean thoroughly with peroxide and apply a clean dressing. Do not take a bath until your staples have been removed and your incision is healed.How long after surgery will I need to take antibiotics prior to dental work? For the rest of your life. It's recommended that you have any dental work done prior to surgery, if possible.