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GM’s Alternative Propulsion Strategy Jamal N. El-Hout, Vice President, Product Planning & CV Operations.

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Presentation on theme: "GM’s Alternative Propulsion Strategy Jamal N. El-Hout, Vice President, Product Planning & CV Operations."— Presentation transcript:

1 GM’s Alternative Propulsion Strategy Jamal N. El-Hout, Vice President, Product Planning & CV Operations

2 Multibrand-Event

3 Vehicle ownership is still growing worldwide 2020 –15% vehicle ownership –1.1 billion vehicles –Circle the earth 125 times

4 Multibrand-Event Western Europe 16 countries 390m people 17.0 m vehicles/annum Central Europe 16 countries 195m people 2.2m vehicles/annum Eastern Europe 12 countries 282m people 2.7m vehicles/annum Europe is a continent with high diversity and significant growth opportunity GM definition 870m people 44 countries 13 time zones

5 Multibrand-Event Euro 3 Euro 4 (present) Euro 5 Future emission requirements in Europe continue to tighten dramatically NO X (g/km) PM (g/mile) PM (g/km) NO X (g/mile) Legislation has already reduced emissions by over 90% from uncontrolled levels Euro 6 GM’s diesel engines today emit 70% fewer particulates and 90% less NO x than 10 years ago Allowable emissions will decrease by a factor of 10 within one decade

6 Multibrand-Event Energy and propulsion alternatives are many – what will dominate in the future? Electric Vehicle Energy ResourcesEnergy Carriers Propulsion Systems Fuel-Cell Electric Hydrogen Gaseous Fuels Gaseous ICE Biomass Natural Gas CoalNuclear Other Renewables (Solar, Wind, Hydro) Electricity Electric Vehicle Battery Electrification Plug-In Hybrid ICE Conventional ICE: Gasoline / Diesel Oil Liquid Fuels ICE Hybrid

7 Multibrand-Event “The key as we see it at GM is energy diversity – being able to offer our customers vehicles that can be powered with many different sources of energy. We must – as a business necessity – develop alternative sources of propulsion, based on alternative sources of energy, in order to meet the world’s growing demand for our cars and trucks.” Rick Wagoner Chairman and CEO General Motors Corporation Geneva Motor Show, 6 March 2007 GM is committed to energy diversity

8 Multibrand-Event GM will continue to improve internal combustion engines Gasoline engines – Higher levels of fuel economy, power and torque Diesel engines – Increased power and torque with reduced emissions and Noise / Vibration / Harshness Engine downsizing and turbocharging is a key trend Transmissions: Higher levels of fuel economy and performance Past Achievements: First to meet Euro 4 with Astra 1.7 diesel First to meet diesel particulate filter requirements with Vectra 1.9 diesel

9 Multibrand-Event Saab BioPower: Market Leader in Europe Europe: Saab European market leader with 40% market share, ahead of Ford and Volvo North America: GM market leader – more than 2 Million vehicles on the road Brazil: 90% of the vehicles sold by GM are FlexPower vehicles Beyond Europe, ethanol is a major success for GM

10 Multibrand-Event Opel – strong player with CNG applications Two major local markets: Italy and Germany Total European market volume 45,000 vehicles/annum 60% Italy, 30% Germany, 10% Sweden, Switzerland and Austria Opel 2nd largest manufacturer

11 Multibrand-Event GME works with partners on LPG and Biodiesel Biodiesel LPG

12 Multibrand-Event Mild and strong hybrids for multiple markets GM Hybrid System Two-Mode Hybrid Light Hybrid GM/Allison Hybrid Bus Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra Saturn VUE Tahoe/Yukon Escalade Silverado/ Sierra Two-Mode Hybrid Chevrolet Malibu Saturn Aura Saturn VUE Green Line

13 Multibrand-Event Strong Hybrid (Two-Mode AHS2) Engine start/stop at idle Complete cycle regen braking Electric launch Engine cycle optimization Engine off on deceleration Regen braking Electric Assist Battery Power Total Vehicle Power, Peak % IC Engine Power Two Mode Engine downsizing Mild Hybrid (BAS+) Micro Hybrid (Start Stop) Pure electrical drive Developing several hybrid systems

14 Multibrand-Event Pursuing a large scale Fuel Cell program Chevrolet Equinox demonstration fleet to be run in the U.S. and in Europe

15 Multibrand-Event Today internal combustion prevails Gasoline E85 E100 Diesel Bio-diesel Gasoline/Diesel engines: 99% of Global Annual Vehicle Production Hybrids: 1% of Global Annual Vehicle Production Gasoline E85 E100 Diesel Bio-diesel TransmissionIC Engine Fuel Tank Electronic MotorBattery

16 Multibrand-Event GM’s E-Flex System comes in two versions Electric Motor Liquid Fuel:  Gasoline  E85  E100  Diesel  Biodiesel Hydrogen IC Engine Plug Battery Generator Hydrogen Battery Fuel Cell Gasoline E85 E100 Diesel Biodiesel Fuel Tank

17 Multibrand-Event E-Flex to support alternative propulsion programs Supports a variety of alternative technologies without having to change the whole powertrain and vehicle configuration Utilizes electricity from the grid as major propulsion source Avoids poor range and long charge- times of pure electric vehicles Supports both Fuel Cell Powertrains and powertrains with internal combustion engines

18 Multibrand-Event GM’s first E-Flex application: Chevrolet VOLT Global Compact Vehicle Based

19 Multibrand-Event GM’s first E-Flex application: Chevrolet VOLT Global Compact Vehicle Based Electric Drive Motor –120 kW peak power –320 Nm peak torque (236 lb-ft)

20 Multibrand-Event GM’s first E-Flex application: Chevrolet VOLT Global Compact Vehicle Based Electric Drive Motor –120 kW peak power –320 Nm peak torque (236 lb-ft) Li Ion Battery Pack –136 kW peak power –16 kWh energy content –Home plug in charging

21 Multibrand-Event GM’s first E-Flex application: Chevrolet VOLT Global Compact Vehicle Based Electric Drive Motor –120 kW peak power –320 Nm peak torque (236 lb-ft) Li Ion Battery Pack –136 kW peak power –16 kWh energy content –Home plug in charging Generator –53 kW

22 Multibrand-Event GM’s first E-Flex application: Chevrolet VOLT Global Compact Vehicle Based Electric Drive Motor –120 kW peak power –320 Nm peak torque (236 lb-ft) Li Ion Battery Pack –136 kW peak power –16 kWh energy content –Home plug in charging Generator –53 kW Internal Combustion Engine –1.0L 3-cylinder turbo

23 Multibrand-Event GM’s first E-Flex application: Chevrolet VOLT Putting it All Together

24 Multibrand-Event GM is delivering on its commitment to energy diversity Continuing to improve efficiency of internal combustion engines Intensifying efforts to displace petroleum-based fuels with biofuels like E85 ethanol and CNG Deploying a consumer test fleet of more than 100 fuel cell vehicles around the world Accelerating development of E-Flex technology for electric vehicles

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