5B. Diatoms Marine (ocean) autotrophs Glassy shells used for abrasives Form oils – give fish a strong taste
6C. Dinoflagulates Have 2 flagella Some produce toxins when they bloom; called red tides.* kills or sickens fish
7D. Red Algae marine seaweed attaches to rocks at the bottom of the ocean
8E. Brown Algaemost are marineusually called “kelp” or seaweed
9F. Green Algae Have chloroplasts Photosynthetic Live in fresh water VolvoxHave chloroplastsPhotosyntheticLive in fresh waterMake up photoplankton = the base of the fresh water ecosystem food chainMany forms – filaments, sheets, colonies
11Beneficial Plant-like Protists Diatom shells are used in toothpaste, metal polishes, and added to paint to give it sparkle.Kelp provides habitat for many organisms.Important part of the food chain, especially in the oceansAlgae releases oxygen into the air
12Harmful ProtistsDinoflagellates kill fish and other organisms with toxin during red tidesSome cause disease such as malaria, amoebic dysentery, & sleeping sicknessAlgal blooms (overpopulation of some algae) can cause oxygen shortage or limit the amount of sunlight that other organisms need
13Red TideRed tide is a phenomena that affects beaches around the world. It is a discoloration of sea water caused by single-celled organisms called dinoflagellates, which live in coastal waters and rivers.Red tides occur when there is a rapid increase in the population of these single-celled organisms. Red tides are part of the normal plankton production cycle, but sometimes the process will result in a large fish-kill and die-off of other aquatic animals.How this bloom actually kills aquatic life is still uncertain. Some scientist believe toxins from the red tide organisms kill other organisms but disagree on how the toxins are produced and function. Another theory identifies the source of kills as the rapid biological production that depletes the dissolved oxygen in an area and makes it unsuitable for other organisms.