Presentation on theme: "Karel Bolckmans Director Global Research & Development"— Presentation transcript:
1Integrated Pest Management for Food Safety, Food Security and Sustainability Karel BolckmansDirector Global Research & DevelopmentLunch Debate with PAN E and DG AGRIBrussels, March 24th, 2011
2Introduction KOPPERT : Biocontrol-based IPM and pollination (1967) IBMA : International Biocontrol Manufacturers Association (1995)IOBC : International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (1955)
11Necessity is the mother of invention ! Management by Objectives Retailers taking the lead with extra-legal requirementsSafety margin : x% below MRLAdding up residu’s from the same groupBlack listed pesticidesMaximum number of active ingredients IPM became the only way outNecessity is the mother of invention !
12Integrated Pest Management “A system that keeps harmfull organisms below the economic damage level based on ecologically, economically and toxicologically acceptable methods, taking into account the specific ecology of crops as well as harmfull organisms.” (IOBC, 1973)strategy, systems approachuses integrated combination of different tactics to :prevent (hygiëne, exclusion, …) andmanage (mechanical, biological, cultural, agronomic, …) populations of harmful organisms.chemical control = last resortIPM ≠ Intelligent Pesticide Marketing !biocontrol is part of IPM, alongside other non-chemical methods (IPM is more than only “products” !)
13Biological Control uses biological agents (natural enemies) “The action of parasites, predators and pathogens in maintaining another organism’s acitivity at a lower average than would occur in their absence” (Debach, 1964)uses biological agents (natural enemies)(parasites, predators, pathogens)to manage pest populationsbelow an acceptable level(economic damage threshhold)
14Biological Control Classical Biological Control Introduction of ecologically adapted natural enemies from the area of origin of the target pest .2. Conservation Biological ControlConservation of natural enemies in the ecosystem using cultural practices or habitat management to enhance their activity.3. Augmentative Biological ControlReleasing mass-reared natural enemies.
16IPM Toolbox TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2 1.1 Goal 2 1.2 FrameworK 21.3 The three pillars of IPM 22. Development of Basic Knowledge 32.1 Pests, diseases and weeds 32.2 Plant Protection Products 32.3 Training 43. Tools for IPM before Planting 43.1 Risk assessment 43.2 Prevention 54. Tools for IPM during Cropping 64.1 Prevention 64.2 Monitoring and Decision Support Tools 74.3 Intervention 85. Tools for IPM Post-harvest 115.1 Post-harvest treatments 115.2 Storage and Transportation 11References
17Tools for IPM before Planting 3.1. Risk assessmentHistory of the plotSurrounding crops and vegetationSoil and water samplesAnalysis and Evaluation of the Risk Assessment3.2. PreventionSoil : creating and maintaining fertile and suppressive soils by :crop rotation, fallow, green manure, soil biodiversity, managing erosion, non-chemical soil-desinfection, clean-tillage or sanitation of crop residues, …Water : clean water, optimal irrigation and fertigationPlantsresistant varieties adapted to local growing conditions, resistan rootstock, pest- and disease-free starting material, plant densityClimate : warning systems based on climate modelsTiming of planting & growingLocation, plot selection
18Tools for IPM during Cropping 4.1. PreventionCleanliness of the farm (Hygiene and Sanitation)Prevent transmission of pests, diseases and weeds by vectors, people, equipment, materials and by managing crop residuesPrevent pesticide drift from neighbouring plots.Cultural and Technical MeasuresOptimal crop care (fertilization, irrigation ,etc.)Canopy management and micro-climateCropping system : cover crops, mixed crops, strip cropping, strip harvesting, permaculture, fallow field margins, ...MulchingInduced resistance against pests and diseasesOther technical measures : exclusion techniques, etc.Conservation Biological ControlMeasures to increase populations of natural enemies and pollinators in and around the cropProvide nesting places for predatory birds to control rodents.Prevent population reduction of natural enemies by using pesticides.
19Tools for IPM during Cropping 4.2. Monitoring and Decision Support ToolsOrganisationObservationRecord keepingWarning Systems and Decision ToolsEvaluation / Decision making
20Tools for IPM during Cropping 4.3. InterventionMechanical / Physical Control (e.g. roughing, vacuuming, UV-C, TPC, ...)Semiochemicals : mass-trapping, mating disruptionAugmentative Biological ControlSterile Insect Technique (SIT)Use of natural and environmentally friendly products (“Biopesticides”)Smart use of Chemical Plant Protection ProductsMonitoring, Warning Systems, Decision making, Action ThresholdsProduct SelectionAdjuvantsAnti-resistance managementApplication : Precision AgricultureNominate a person who is responsible for application of crop protection products.
27Tools for IPM Post-harvest 5.1. Post-harvest treatments5.1.1 Selection of techniques and products (chemical, biological, technical)Application techniqueRecord of applications5.2. Storage and Transportation5.2.1 Monitoring5.2.2 Prevention5.2.3 Intervention
29Development of Basic Knowledge 2.1. Pests, diseases and weedsList of relevant pests, diseases and weeds in the target crop for the specific area – region or country.Basic information (fact sheets) about the biology of the relevant pests, diseases and weeds and about their natural enemies.2.2. Plant Protection ProductsList of pesticides which can be legally applied against the relevant pests, diseases and weeds in the target crop.Basic information (fact sheets) plant protection products2.3. Training2.4. EXTENSION
30What happened with the sweet peppers from Almeria ?
35The Pesticide Policy Paradox PlusRemoval of harmful pesticidesStronger registration requirementsMRL’sPromotion of sustainable use of pesticidesMinusExtension Services are disappearingDwindling research on crop protection, which is too much focused on biotechnology alone.
36A new Green Revolution Green Revolution 1.0 Green Revolution 2.0 productivityPlant BreedingIrrigationChemical PesticidesGreen Revolution 2.0 productivity + sustainability !!!Soil & Water ManagementIntegrated Pest & Disease Management (IPM)
37are killing pest ánd innovation into other crop protection methods ! Chemical Pesticidesare killing pest ánd innovation intoother crop protection methods !