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Al-Husain: The Third Imam By A.S. Hashim. MD. Early Childhood Born in Medina, 3rd Yr of Hijrah Prophet gives him and his brother their names The Prophet.

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Presentation on theme: "Al-Husain: The Third Imam By A.S. Hashim. MD. Early Childhood Born in Medina, 3rd Yr of Hijrah Prophet gives him and his brother their names The Prophet."— Presentation transcript:

1 Al-Husain: The Third Imam By A.S. Hashim. MD

2 Early Childhood Born in Medina, 3rd Yr of Hijrah Prophet gives him and his brother their names The Prophet loves them very much Al-Husain was born after Ohod confrontation Along with his brother, they fill the house with joy

3 Early Childhood II The Prophet loves the two boys dearly and plays with them The Prophet calls them His own Children Prophet Visits them almost daily They go with him to the Masjid often

4 Early Childhood III At 2, a sister is born, Zainab At 3, another sister is born, Umm Kalthoom At 5, Ayah of Tat ’ heer is revealed Al-Husain is one of Ahlul Bayt

5 Ayah of Tat’heer and Ahlul Bayt Al-Kisaa as narrated by Jabir Al-Ansaari Took place in Umm Salama’s house Ali, Fatima, Al-Hasan, and Al-Husain under one cover along with the Prophet The Prophet declares: These are my Ahlul Bayt

6 Ayah of Tat’heer إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا (Surah 33: Ayah 33. According to A'isha, Ayah of Tat'heer (Purification) was revealed on behalf of Fatima, Ali, Al-Hasan, and Al-Husain, see Sahih Muslim Vol. 3, Page 130.) VERILY, ALLAH HAS DECREED TO PURIFY YOU, O' AHLUL BAYT, AND SANCTIFY YOU IN A PERFECT WAY

7 Early Childhood IV Christians from Najran visit Muhammad They inquire about Islam, and The Quran challenges them (Mubaahala) They agree to invoke Damnation of God on the liars Next day, seeing that Muhammad brought Ahlul Bayt for Mubaahala, The Christians retreat, asking to be excused from Mubaahala

8 Ayah for Mubaahala: Surah 3: Ayah 61. "THEN SAY: LET US CALL UPON OUR CHILDREN AND YOUR CHILDREN, OUR LADIES AND YOUR LADIES, OURSELVES AND YOURSELVES, THEN WE PRAY SO THAT ALLAH'S WRATH WILL BE UPON THOSE WHO TELL UNTRUTH" فَمَنْ حَآجَّكَ فِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْاْ نَدْعُ أَبْنَاء ا وَأَبْنَاءكُمْ وَنِسَاءنَا وَنِسَاءكُمْ وَأَنفُسَنَا وأَنفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَل لَّعْنَةُ اللّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِين

9 Hadiths about Hasan and Husain الحسـن والحسـين سـيدا شـباب اهل الجنه مََنٍ أحبَّ الحسـنَ والحسـين فقد أحبَّنِي ومَنٍ أبغَضَـهُما فقد أبغَضَني أنا سِلمٌ لِمَن سالمـتم، وحربٌُ لِمَن حاربتُم AL-HASAN AND AL-HUSAIN ARE EACH A PRINCE OVER THE YOUTHFUL IN HEAVEN". THE ONE WHO LOVES HASAN AND HUSAIN WILL ALSO HAVE LOVED ME, AND HE WHO DETESTS THEM,WILL HAVE DETESTED ME. "IN PEACE I AM WITH HIM WHOM YOU ARE IN PEACE WITH AND IN BATTLE I AM WITH HIM WHOM YOU ARE IN BATTLE WITH

10 Al-Husain: Age 6-7 Yrs Old Al-Husain at age 6-7: the Prophet dies Saqifa happenings and its aftermath of Khilaafah Father works in Grove to support family Father tutors Al-Hasan and Al-Husain along with Ibn Abbas Mother is sick

11 Lineage Father Ali Mother Fatima Al-Husain Grandfathers Muhammad and Abu Talib Grandmothers Khadijah and Fatima

12 Tutored at Home Ali tutors Al-Hasan and Al-Husain every night Ali also tutors Ibn Abbas Ibn Abbas was 13 Yrs old Tutoring continues for many years

13 Age 7 Yrs Old Mother Fatima dies Buried at night, as per her wishes So buried to avoid connection with some people who had angered her Al-Husain misses his mother very much In mourning Father continues to tutor them

14 New Step Mother Father marries Asmaa bint Umais Asmaa was wife of Abu Bakr Asmaa had Abu Bakr’s baby by name of Muhammad Asmaa was previously wife of Ja’far, brother of Ali. Ja’far was killed in Mu’ta battle

15 As a Child Al-Husain at 9, Abu Bakr dies, Omar the Khalifa Family busy with Muhammad son of Abu Bakr and other children Full of questions in quest of knowledge Family visitation and interaction

16 As a Youth Participates in religious discourses and discussions Omar ’ s rule Strict, Islamic Sahaaba are forbidden from leaving Medina Islamic expansion into Persia and Byzantine territories Along with Al-Hasan, helps father in writing the Corpus of Knowledge Tutors brothers and sisters

17 At Age 19 Omar dies, being stabbed by Abu Lu ’ lua Omar appoint 6 to choose a Khalifa from among them Uthman becomes Khalifa Al-Hasan and Al-Husain continue to help father in writing the Corpus of Knowledge Discourses at the Masjid Al-Nabawi

18 Al-Husain in his Twenties Gets married Neat, dignified, and well groomed At first Uthman ’ s Rule was mellow but good Uthman starts to appoint corrupt family clan to high offices all over: Dynasty Rule Corruption of the rulers lead to complaints Ali marries Umm Al-Baneen

19 Corpus of Knowledge Ali’s writings during: Abu Bakr, Omar, and Uthman’s Khilaafah: Corpus of Knowledge consists of the following: 1. Quran in chorological order 2. Tafseer (Mus’haf Fatima) 3. Hadith (Saheefa of Ali) 4. Ah’kaam 5. Al-Jafr a.White Jafr: Prophets and early times b.Red Jafr: Rules of war in Islam

20 Al-Husain in his Twenties II Al-Hasan and Al-Husain participate in North Africa Campaign Feels the anger of the society about the rule of Uthman The uprising against Uthman Defends Uthman from the rebels surrounding Uthman ’ s house

21 Al-Husain in his Twenties III Has many brothers through Umm Al-Baneen Is very close to his brother Al-Abbas Tutors his brother Al-Abbas, and other brothers The house is very active with the expanded family Continues his discourses at Masjid Al-Nabawi

22 Al-Husain in his Thirties Ali is elected for Khilaafah Some People agitate against Ali A ’ isha, Talha, and Zubair lead a force and head toward Basrah Ali and his family head toward Kufa

23 Toward Kufa Ali, family, and 500 people arrive from Medina to Kufa Al-Husain during travel In Kufa, they get to work immediately They build support to fight off the insurgents in Basrah

24 Al-Husain at Jamal Confrontation During the battle Ali was very protective of Al- Hasan and Al-Husain Ali urged his other son (Muhammad ibn Al- Hanafiyyah) to face the rebels When asked about Al-Hasan and Al-Husain, he replied: I don ’ t want to expose the lineage of Rasool Allah to be cut off (up to Al-Mahdi)

25 Al-Husain at Jamal Confrontation Al-Husain did well during the battle Al-Husain was 32 years old at the time Feels for the many who lost their lives needlessly Sees his father Ali giving freedom to Benu Umayya who fought him at Jamal battle

26 Al-Husain at Age 31-35 Helps father in administration matters in Kufa Kufa had become the Capital of the Islamic Ummah In Preparation for the forthcoming confrontation with Mu’awiya Participates in the Islamic Discourses in Kufa

27 At Age of 33 Heads to Siffin to confront Mu ’ awiya Participates in the 9 day battle Fighting was severe sometimes Numerous widows and orphans as a result Disappointment about the arbitration

28 At Age of 33 On the way to confront Mu ’ awiya, they passed by a dreary place Ali asked about the name of the place The answer was Karbala Ali ’ s face got sad and he said: هنا محطُّ رِحالهم ومهراق دمائهم "IT IS HERE WHERE THEY WILL BE STOPPED AND IT IS HERE WILL BE THE BLOOD-SHED."

29 Al-Husain at Siffin Is aware of the intrigues of Mu ’ awiya Could see the role of Ammar who was promised by the Prophet that the Vicious and Malicious fighters would kill him Al-Husain witnesses the debacle of Khariji and the call for arbitrations They return to Kufa disheartened

30 Al-Husain at Age of 34-36 Witnesses the suffering of the widows and orphans Aware of Nahrawan and the trouble of its aftermath Aware of the havoc caused by Mu ’ awiya In Iraq In Yemen In other territories

31 Al-Husain at Age of 36 Ibn Muljim wounds Ali, Ali gives Al-Hasan his last advice Ali designates Al-Hasan as the 2nd Imam Ali ’ s advice is for all of his children They bury Ali in Najaf People give Al-Hasan allegiance, he is to face Mu'awiya

32 Al-Husain at Age of 36 Sees the deceit of Mu ’ awiya about the agreement with his brother Al-Hasan Listens to Al-Hasan giving the speech to the worshippers at the Grand Mosque of Kufa Listens to Mu ’ awiya ’ s speech, and is flabbergasted at the rudeness and gall of this man Al-Husain, Al-Hasan and family return to Medina

33 In Medina, age: 36-57 Yrs Teaches Islamic discourses in Medina along with Al- Hasan Very popular Helps people as well as educate them Is pained by Mu ’ awiya ’ s deception Is pained by hearing Ali being damned in every Jumu ’ ah Prayer all over the country Cursing Ali was made the State Policy by Mu ’ awiya

34 Al-Husain at Age 37 Al-Hasan, being sick with the poison: vomiting blood material Jaundiced and feeling very weak Al-Hasan designates Al-Husain as the 3rd Imam Al-Hasan wants to be buried by the Prophet if possible Al-Husain ’ s Imamah starts

35 TO CONTINUE, Go to al-Husain to Karbala Thank you and May God Bless you. Dr. A.S. Hashim

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