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Computers Are Your Future Eleventh Edition Chapter 5: Application Software: Tools for Productivity Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing.

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Presentation on theme: "Computers Are Your Future Eleventh Edition Chapter 5: Application Software: Tools for Productivity Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Computers Are Your Future Eleventh Edition Chapter 5: Application Software: Tools for Productivity Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall1

2 2 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

3 Application Software: Tools for Productivity Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall3

4 Objectives Understand how system software supports application software. List the most popular types of general- purpose applications. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of standalone programs, integrated programs, and software suites. 4Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

5 Objectives Discuss the advantages of Web-hosted technology and file compatibility. Explain the concept of software versions and software upgrades. Understand how commercial software, shareware, freeware, and public domain software differ. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall5

6 Objectives Describe the essential concepts of application software and the skills needed to use it. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall6

7 General-Purpose Applications Application software is any program that gives the user the ability to complete work on the computer. General-purpose applications, such as word-processing or spreadsheet programs, enable users to complete common tasks. 7Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

8 Types of general-purpose application software Personal productivity programs Multimedia and graphics software Applications that work through and run from the Internet Home and education programs Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall8 General-Purpose Applications

9 Personal productivity programs Make it easier to do work Examples Word-processing software Spreadsheet or database software Presentation software Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall9 General-Purpose Applications

10 Multimedia and graphics software includes the use of two or more media, such as graphics plus video or audio. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall10 General-Purpose Applications

11 Multimedia and graphics software programs Professional desktop publishing Multimedia authoring Paint, drawing, and animation Image editing 3D rendering Audio Video editing Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall11 General-Purpose Applications

12 Codecs are algorithms that reduce file size and allow faster Internet transfer speeds. Lossless compression does not delete any information needed to reproduce the image without flaw. Lossy compression removes some information, but the loss is typically not noticeable. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall12 General-Purpose Applications

13 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall13 Use paint programs to create bitmapped images (raster graphics), which are made up of tiny dots known as pixels. General-Purpose Applications

14 Paint program standard file formats Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) Lossless compression of simple images Often used for Web pages Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) Lossy compression of complex images Also used for Web pages Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall14 General-Purpose Applications

15 Portable Network Graphics (PNG) Patent-free alternative to a GIF Lossless compression, suitable for Web use only Windows Bitmap (BMP) Compression optional Files tend to be large Tag Image File Format (TIFF) Includes descriptive information with the image Used in publishing Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall15 General-Purpose Applications

16 Drawing programs create vector graphics that can be edited and resized without distortion. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall16 General-Purpose Applications

17 Three-dimensional rendering programs provide graphic objects with 3D effects. Image editors Are advanced types of paint programs Can change complicated bitmapped objects, including photographs Can edit, but not create, bitmapped images Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall17 General-Purpose Applications

18 Animation programs give the user the ability to create animation from images and run the animation. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall18 General-Purpose Applications

19 Audio software is used to capture and process sound used in multimedia presentations. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall19 General-Purpose Applications

20 Standard sound file formats MP3 Windows Media Audio (WMA) WAV Ogg Vorbis Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall20 General-Purpose Applications

21 Video editors enable the user to: Modify digitized videos. Save those videos in at least one of the following video file formats: Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) QuickTime Video for Windows Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall21 General-Purpose Applications

22 Multimedia authoring systems Used to create multimedia presentations Require a large amount of disk space and memory to run properly Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 22

23 General-Purpose Applications Applications that work through the Internet Examples Instant messaging software Web browsers Video conferencing programs Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall23

24 General-Purpose Applications Web-hosted technology Share files and collaborate. Windows Office Live Google Docs Help avoid file incompatibility. Undesirable Internet software Spyware monitors your activity. Adware targets products to your interests. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall24

25 General-Purpose Applications Home and educational programs Computerized reference software Multimedia dictionaries Encyclopedias How-to guides Personal finance software Computer games Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall25

26 Tailor-Made Applications Software designed for specific businesses or users are known as tailor-made applications. Tailor-made applications normally cost more than general-purpose applications because of their development costs. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall26

27 Tailor-Made Applications Custom software, developed for a user’s specific needs, may be necessary when an application is not available. Packaged software is developed for the mass market. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall27

28 A fully self-contained program is called a standalone program. Advantages Purchased and installed separately Function by themselves Disadvantages Take a lot of storage space Do not share resources Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall28 Standalone Programs, Integrated Programs, & Software Suites

29 Integrated programs provide leading productivity programs in one package. Easy to learn and share the same interface Example: Microsoft Works Have fewer features than standalone programs and software suites Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall29 Standalone Programs, Integrated Programs, & Software Suites

30 A software suite (office suite) is a bundle of standalone programs. Word processing Spreadsheet Presentation graphics Database Personal information Share common code, drivers, and graphic libraries. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall30

31 System Requirements & Software Versions System requirements outline the minimal level of resources that a program requires. Releases of programs are cited by a year or version number. In a version number, a decimal number indicates a maintenance release. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall31

32 System Requirements & Software Versions Time-limited trial versions are occasionally offered for commercial programs by software companies. Beta versions of software are sometimes available to users. Software is in the final testing stages and may contain bugs. Access is free. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall32

33 System Requirements & Software Versions Software is kept current through software upgrading. Small fixes to software are called patches. Large or major fixes to software are called service packs or service releases. Software can be distributed through the Internet and purchased in stores. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall33

34 System Requirements & Software Versions Documentation may be in print or downloaded from the Internet. Brief tutorials Read Me files Help files Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall34

35 Software Licenses & Registration A contract included with purchased software that permits the user to install the program on one computer is known as a software license. A contract that gives organizations the right to install copies of programs on a precise number of computers is known as a site license. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall35

36 Software Licenses & Registration Commercial Software Users must purchase before using Examples Microsoft Office Adobe Acrobat Apple iLife Shareware You may try software before purchasing it. If you like it, pay for it and continue using it. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall36

37 Software Licenses & Registration Freeware Free to users as long as users do not sell it to others Public domain software Copyright-free software Users can modify or sell Copy-protected software Internal process prohibits making unauthorized copies Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall37

38 Installing & Managing Application Software Installing software on a computer involves moving the software to the hard disk and properly configuring the software. Uninstalling software takes the program off the hard disk. Launching software moves it from the hard disk to memory. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall38

39 Installing & Managing Application Software Users can choose options to identify how they want a program to run. Defaults are software settings used by the program unless overridden by the user. Quitting or closing down an application is known as exiting. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall39

40 System software supports application software, the programs that give the user the ability to complete work on the computer. General-purpose software includes personal productivity programs, multimedia and graphics software, Internet programs, and home and education software. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall40 Summary

41 Types of programs available to users include standalone programs, integrated programs, and suites of personal productivity software. Office suites that incorporate Web- hosted technology are gaining popularity with today’s users. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall41

42 New or updated versions of software are usually cited with a version number. Small changes to software are defined as patches, and larger changes or fixes are known as service packs or service releases. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall42 Summary

43 Software can be categorized as commercial, shareware, freeware, and public domain software. To use their computers effectively, users should learn to install applications, start applications, select options, and exit the applications. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall43 Summary


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