Presentation on theme: "C OMMUNICATION MEANS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE A NTIQUE P ERIOD Presentation was prepared by the English teachers : Guchkova Vera Vadimovna Pastukhova Alla."— Presentation transcript:
C OMMUNICATION MEANS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE A NTIQUE P ERIOD Presentation was prepared by the English teachers : Guchkova Vera Vadimovna Pastukhova Alla Grigorevna November, 2013 Moscow School 2047
The Antique period lasted thirteen centuries. It started in the eighth century BC and ended in the fifth century AM. The Antique civilization is divided into two local ones: the ancient Greek and the ancient Roman. All the civilizations appeared much earlier. We are going to tell you about the languages spoken at the beginning of the Antique period. The great achievement of the Greek culture was the creation of the alphabet. At the beginning of the Roman civilization the Latin alphabet was created. People could write on stones and wooden small boards.
Here you can see the map of the world during the Antique period. There are several languages spoken in the world. The Slavonic languages were spoken in this part of the world (pointing). The Germanic languages were spoken in Europe and North America. The Romanesque languages were spoken in Europe and South America.
Dead languages not used in oral speech. They are Latin, Ancient Greek, Babylonian language and many others. We can find them in written speech.
Праславянский Древнегреческий Латинский Египетский Санскрит Хаттский There are a lot of dead languages. The most popular of them are: Pre-Slavonic, Ancient Greek, Latin, Egyptian, Sanskrit, and Hattic.
С АНСКРИТ Sanskrit is the ancient literature language of India. It was mentioned in 1500 BC. This language is included in the list of 22 official languages of India now.
П РАСЛАВЯНСКИЙ Pre-Slavonic language is the father of all Slavonic languages. People had used it before the VI-th century. But no written monuments of Slavonic languages can be seen now. Let`s look at some letters (repeat after me): АЗ, ЖИВЕТЕ, ЕСТЬ, ПОКОЙ,
Its name came from а small tribe lived in the centre оf the Apennine peninsula. The brothers, Romulus and Ram founded Rome in 753 BC here. It was one of the basic written languages of the Western science, culture, public life. Now this language is being used in biology, medicine. Repeat after me some statements: Л АТИНСКИЙ
Некоторые высказывания на латинском: Alea jacta est - жребий брошен Veni, vidi, vici – пришел,увидел, победил Conscientia mille testes - совесть тысяча свидетелей Divide et impera - разделяй и властвуй Qui tacet - consentire videtur - молчание знак согласия Scio me nihil scire - я знаю, что ничего не знаю Fiat lux - да будет свет Ibi victoria, ubi concordia – там победа, где согласие Errare humanum est – человеку свойственно ошибаться
Е ГИПЕТСКИЙ Egyptian language is one of the most ancient languages of the world. The bases of these languages are hieroglyphs.
Д РЕВНЕГРЕЧЕСКИЙ The Ancient Greek language was used in philosophy, literature and Biblia. It was the second official language of the Roman Imperia. Let`s look at several letters. Point the letters mentioned by me: α – альфа β – бета π – пи ω – омега
There are about 6809 «living» languages in the world. The half of the world population uses 8 languages in their life.