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Boating Skills And Seamanship 1 Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Handling Your Boat Chapter 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Boating Skills And Seamanship 1 Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Handling Your Boat Chapter 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Boating Skills And Seamanship 1 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Handling Your Boat Chapter 4

2 Boating Skills And Seamanship 2 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Lesson Objectives 1/3 rule & fueling Gas in bilge Propeller operation & selection Boat maneuvering & trimming Boat loading/safe conduct

3 Boating Skills And Seamanship 3 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Lesson Objectives (2) Man overboard/pre-trip checks Departing & returning to a dock Anchoring Towing a skier Adverse weather

4 Boating Skills And Seamanship 4 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Fueling Your Boat What should you do prior to fueling?

5 Boating Skills And Seamanship 5 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Fueling Your Boat Turn of engines Close doors/hatches Turn off electrical equip. Extinguish open flames; no smoking Turn off galley heaters and stoves Instruct crew on safe practices Ground fuel nozzle to boat prior to pumping and keep it grounded while pumping

6 Boating Skills And Seamanship 6 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Fueling Your Boat What are some steps to take after fueling?

7 Boating Skills And Seamanship 7 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Fueling Your Boat Open doors/hatches. Run blower 4 minutes. Clean up fuel spills. Sniff for fumes. Have a fire extinguisher at hand.

8 Boating Skills And Seamanship 8 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Fueling Your Boat Gas in bilge Portable gas tanks Fill on dock after grounding Remove from pick-up bed and ground before filling

9 Boating Skills And Seamanship 9 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Fuel Usage 1/3 rule for round trips 1/3 tank for trip out 1/3 tank returning home 1/3 tank in reserve Refueling along the way Calculate fuel consumption and allow for reserve 20% reserve 10% reserve

10 Boating Skills And Seamanship 10 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Your Boat’s Propeller Diameter Pitch Size

11 Boating Skills And Seamanship 11 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Propeller Characteristics Who can describe how a twin screw propeller works?

12 Boating Skills And Seamanship 12 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Propeller Characteristics What is the function of the shear pin?

13 Boating Skills And Seamanship 13 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Shear Pin or Slip Hub Weak point in connection of propeller to shaft Breaks before drive shaft and gears are damaged. Propeller often destroyed first Carry spares

14 Boating Skills And Seamanship 14 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Propeller Characteristics Cavitation bubbles of partial vacuum that appear around blades due to a small prop or too much pitch. Ventilation air sucked down into the blades.

15 Boating Skills And Seamanship 15 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Propeller Selection How do you select a propeller?

16 Boating Skills And Seamanship 16 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Steering How does driving a boat differ from driving a car?

17 Boating Skills And Seamanship 17 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Steering Car Front wheels steer in direction you want to go Boat Stern steers in opposite direction Use spring line to control movement

18 Boating Skills And Seamanship 18 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Steering Pivot point Stopping a boat

19 Boating Skills And Seamanship 19 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Steering Single inboard engines

20 Boating Skills And Seamanship 20 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Single Propeller vs. Twin Propellers Advantages? Disadvantages?

21 Boating Skills And Seamanship 21 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Twin Propellers Steering techniques Steer with rudder when at speed Use differential prop thrust at dock Use both rudder and thrust to walk sideways Forward on port, reverse on starboard to swing bow to starboard Since forward prop has more thrust, rudder to port with above also moves stern to starboard

22 Boating Skills And Seamanship 22 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Tilt Adjustment

23 Boating Skills And Seamanship 23 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Jet Drives Propulsion Steering

24 Boating Skills And Seamanship 24 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Loading Your Boat What are some considerations?

25 Boating Skills And Seamanship 25 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Loading Your Boat Balance Trim Don’t overload; what sea condition Secure load so does not shift Safety No riding on gunwale, seat backs, transom or bow Don’t stand

26 Boating Skills And Seamanship 26 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Before You Go Brief guests Get weather report Check emergency equipment Check gas and oil

27 Boating Skills And Seamanship 27 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Engine Start Up What are things to check when starting the engine?

28 Boating Skills And Seamanship 28 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Undocking Situations Leaving dock / wind and current off dock Demonstrate

29 Boating Skills And Seamanship 29 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Undocking Situations Leaving dock wind and current on bow Demonstrate

30 Boating Skills And Seamanship 30 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Undocking Situations Leaving dock wind and current on bow What if wind and current on stern?

31 Boating Skills And Seamanship 31 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Turning in Narrow Channel Wind on stern

32 Boating Skills And Seamanship 32 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Watch Your Wake May cause damage Obey No Wake Zones Liability

33 Boating Skills And Seamanship 33 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Man Overboard What actions do you take?

34 Boating Skills And Seamanship 34 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Man Overboard Sound alarm indicating which side the person fell over. (Helm turns toward that side, moving stern away) Deploy throw cushion or life ring. Maintain a spotter Turn boat around. Approach PIW slowly with bow in wind Engines in neutral Prepare ladder Retrieve PIW

35 Boating Skills And Seamanship 35 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Docking No wind

36 Boating Skills And Seamanship 36 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Docking Wind off dock

37 Boating Skills And Seamanship 37 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Docking Wind on dock

38 Boating Skills And Seamanship 38 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Mooring to Permanent Anchor

39 Boating Skills And Seamanship 39 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Anchoring Rode Shackle Thimble

40 Boating Skills And Seamanship 40 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Anchoring Why are anchors different?

41 Boating Skills And Seamanship 41 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Types of Anchors Bruce Fisherman Plow Danforth Spade

42 Boating Skills And Seamanship 42 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Anchoring Carry two anchors Check bottom Use correct scope Check your position

43 Boating Skills And Seamanship 43 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Anchoring What is proper scope in calm water?

44 Boating Skills And Seamanship 44 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Anchoring What are the steps to deploy anchor?

45 Boating Skills And Seamanship 45 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Anchoring Boat’s Motion Lowering Anchor Setting Anchor Anchor Dragging Deck Fastenings Checking Position

46 Boating Skills And Seamanship 46 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Towing a Skier Have an observer Good towline Signaling Obey the rules

47 Boating Skills And Seamanship 47 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Towing a Skier

48 Boating Skills And Seamanship 48 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Heavy Weather Running into a sea Running in a beam sea Broaching Running in a following sea Pitchpoling Yawing Using a drogue

49 Boating Skills And Seamanship 49 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Impaired Visibility Fog Rain

50 Boating Skills And Seamanship 50 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Narrow Inlets Hidden shoals Hidden cross currents

51 Boating Skills And Seamanship 51 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Small Boat Safety Avoid moving Keep low to move Wear life jacket Check weather Load boat carefully

52 Boating Skills And Seamanship 52 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Running Aground Check for leaks Raise outboard Move passengers to stern Try rocking boat Place anchor astern and pull off Call for assistance

53 Boating Skills And Seamanship 53 Copyright Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc. Environmental Concerns Follow markers Don’t stir up bottom Use proper anchoring technique Properly dispose of waste Beware of oil and fuel spills


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