Presentation on theme: "THE CASE OF KILIMO KWANZA IN TANZANIA Presented by Janet Bitegeko 2012 CAADP Forum Tunis, Tunisia November 2012."— Presentation transcript:
THE CASE OF KILIMO KWANZA IN TANZANIA Presented by Janet Bitegeko 2012 CAADP Forum Tunis, Tunisia November 2012
The Outline Importance of Agriculture Sector in Tanzania What is KILIMO KWANZA Who was/is involved in KILIMO KWANZA Lessons learnt : Successes Challenges of KILIMO KWANZA Cost Effectiveness of KILIMO KWANZA The roles of different stakeholders Empowering Stakeholders Replication of KILIMO KWANZA Can KILIMO KWANZA be replicated
Importance of Agriculture Sector in Tanzania Agriculture provides livelihood to more than 70 percent of the population. Accounts for 24 percent of GDP 30 percent of total exports; and 65 percent of raw materials for Tanzanian industries 95 percent of the food security Provides strong inter-sector linkages with non-farm sectors, both backward and forward linkages Controls inflation, since food contributes about 50 percent of the inflation basket
What is KILIMO KWANZA? RESOLVE TO ACCELERATE AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION. KILIMO KWANZA is guided by the Ten Pillars:- 1. Instill political will and commitment of all Tanzanians to the KILIMO KWANZA 2. Financing KILIMO KWANZA 3. Institutional Re-organization for Management of KILIMO KWANZ 4. Paradigm Shift to Strategic Framework of KILIMO KWANZA 5. Land for KILIMO KWANZA 6. Incentives for KILIMO KWANZA 7. Industrialization for KILIMO KWANZA 8. Science, Technology and Human Resources for KILIMO KWANZA 9. Infrastructure Development for KILIMO KWANZA 10. Mobilization of Tanzanians for KILIMO KWANZA
Why KILIMO KWANZA Agriculture as an Economic Priority- Tanzanians Agriculture is most effective empowerment tool whose success would transform the economic wellbeing of the majority of Tanzanians Tanzania’s unique potential e.g. existence of 44 million hectares of arable land but only 23% is currently under effective cultivation; 19 million cattle, 17 million sheep and goats, 30 million chicken which are not commercially exploited
Why KILIMO KWANZA…… Global rise in food demand and prices. Global financial crisis and global food shortage limits Tanzania capacity to import food. Fundamental global shift favourable to long term agricultural development. Macro-economic conditions for investing in agricultural development in Tanzania have substantially improved, with the increasing knowledge base of farmers for higher agriculture productivity and the strengthening of the Public Private Partnership (PPP) in process. The implementation of KILIMO KWANZA is aimed at achieving the government policy objectives, as well as sector objectives as provided for in the Ministries Medium Term Strategic Plan (MTSP 2010 – 2013).
Who Was/is Involved in KILIMO KWANZA The Agricultural Council of Tanzania (ACT) The Economic Empowerment Working Group 5 th TNBC Meeting on Economic Empowerment The Local and International Roundtable meetings The TNBC Agriculture Working Group (AWG) comprising of 10 members out of which 4 are from ACT
Who Was/is Involved in KILIMO KWANZA TNBC Working Groups, comprising of Agriculture, Economic Empowerment, Lands, Infrastructure and Energy, Tourism, Manufacturing and Agro processing, Finance and Human Capital Development. KILIMO KWANZA was formulated under the auspices of Tanzania National Business Council (TNBC), the consultative mechanism between the public and private sectors. TNBC is chaired by the President of the United Republic of Tanzania..
Lessons Learnt/Successes Political will has contributed to smooth implementation of KILIMO KWANZA. Commitment of the Tanzania Government and private sector including Farmers Organizations to implement KILIMO KWANZA. Government budgetary allocations to the sector have increased from an average of 2.2% before 2005 to 9% in financial year Agriculture has enjoyed tax reduction and tax cuts on agricultural inputs and implements to attract more investment into the sector.
Lessons Learnt/Successes … Increased impetus on the implementation of the seven years Agricultural Sector Development Programme (ASDP) which was launched in 2006, by improving the participation of the private sector with an emphasis on private sector development. The endorsement of the Public Private Partnership Policy and the Action the years 2009 and 2010 respectively, to provide a framework for the involvement of the private sector in the provision public goods and services through the implementation PPP projects in infrastructure development and services.
Lessons Learnt/ Successes….. Formulation of the CAADP compatible Tanzania Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plan (TAFSIP) took cognisance of KILIMO KWANZA. CAADP objectives include attaining agriculture growth of 6% per annum. TAFSIP takes on board all agricultural sector programs and projects of the public sector, private sector and Non State Actors to provide for financing, coordination and monitoring of the sectors investments in the medium term. The establishment of the Tanzania Agricultural Development Bank(TADB)
Lessons Learnt/ Successes…. The Southern Agriculture Growth Corridor for Tanzania (SAGCOT) implements KILIMO KWANZA. SAGCOT is a home grown initiative focusing on catalysing large volumes of responsible private investment for delivery of rapid and sustainable agricultural growth to benefit the Nations’ efforts in food security, poverty reduction and climate change mitigation. ACT played the role of coordination and facilitation during the preparation and establishment of SAGCOT.
Challenges of KILIMO KWANZA… Human resource development to promote uptake and use of improved technologies Effective market arrangements for producers. Improved infrastructure for irrigation and storage facilities to reduce post harvest losses. To have each and every actor to appreciate the objectives and participate as per action plan The availability of adequate resources comprehensive program of industrial development with backward and forward linkages to ensure availability of farm implements and machinery including all inputs necessary for increased agricultural productivity
Cost Effectiveness of KILIMO KWANZA The initiative is cost effective because it:- Builds and strengthens capacity of existing private and public institutions in providing services at all levels and reduces duplication, costs and time Uses new technologies which are cost effectives in that it minimize time and wastage of resources.
The Roles of Different Stakeholders 1. The implementation of KILIMO KWANZA strongly recommend holistic implementation approach and focuses on modernization and commercialization of agriculture at all levels from the peasant to the large scale farmer. 2. The Government provides conducive business environment, legal and regulatory framework and technical and financial support. 3. Private sector provide inputs, credit and output markets and drives the process
Empowering Stakeholders KILIMO KWANZA has accelerated the implementation of the Agricultural Sector Development which aims at:- Enabled farmers to have better access to and use of agricultural knowledge, technologies, marketing systems and infrastructure. Promoted private investment based on an improved regulatory and policy environment Each player knows what to do and when it should be done.
Replication of KILIMO KWANZA Factors of success of KILIMO KWANZA that can be replicated include:- Addressing the agricultural sector holistically, Enlisting the support of related public sector institutions in terms of relevant programs and projects focusing on agriculture, since the sector is cross-cutting, Recognizing the participation of private sector as partners and investors in agricultural growth,
Replication of KILIMO KWANZA Focusing on the major components for realizing the envisaged Green Revolution, e.g., political will and mindset change, financing agriculture, agricultural processing and infrastructure development. Strengthening National Farmers Organizations to mobilise farmers and lobby the government on their behalf and monitor the implementation.