About SNV INGO – Established in 1965- Operated in 40 countries Agriculture Renewable Energy WASH
WASH in Schools in SNV Cambodia: “Unlocking Toilet Doors, Unblocking Student’s Access to School Sanitation” Initiative and WASH in Schools advocacy. Lao/Ethiopia: CLTS in Schools via fun games and songs Tanzania: From School WASH mapping to policy changes and advocacy for WASH in Schools.
Structure of the Presentation About School WASH Mapping Achievements Challenges Ahead
School WASH Mapping - Background A joint initiative by SNV – UNICEF- WaterAid in 2,300 schools in16 districts (2009) Purpose: To get a comprehensive picture of WASH situation in all schools in the selected districts; to explore the underlying causes of the (poor) situation; and to develop strategies for improvement Physical mapping: Data collection Governance and Validation Inquiry District Feedback Meetings National Stakeholders Workshop
Facts and Figures 11% of schools meet the minimum standard in pupil/DH 6% (or 174 schools) has no latrines 20% (or 562 schools) has over 100 pupil per drop hole 6% of the existing latrine is rated as “good standard” 9% of all school is rated as having “clean” latrines 1% has soap, 4% has adequate water; 6% has HW facilities 4% school has facilities for children and adults with disabilities 48% of latrines for girls has no door 43% have never been inspected on WASH situation by LGAs Latrines have never been emptied in most school
Underlying causes Facilities (quality and quantity) Governance structure Resource allocation & management Poor WASH situation in Schools
Severe lack of facilities A major barrier to hygiene education Facilities become abandoned or unused Not attractive to use by children Heavy burden for effective O&M Rapid deterioration of facilities Overcrowded Inadequate facilities (quality and quantity)
Weak Governance Structure Unclear role; responsibility and ownership Unclear and ineffective coordination on funding and institutional arrangements at National level No arrangement for O&M of Facilities Inadequate inspection and enforcement Low level of community participation and consultation Weak leadership and guidance from LGAs and Village Government Low level of trust between community and village leaders
Poor Resource Allocation and Management Discrepancy between schools in urban and rural/remote area CG/LGCDG are late, fragmented; inadequate; unpredictable Weak transparency on resource allocation Top down direction on fund utilization No distinction between government’s fund and parent’s contribution Low priority given to School WASH at all levels
Recommendations Focus more on quality (of the learning environment and achievement) and not just quantity (enrolment rate) Strengthen national coordination and management for School WASH Identify champion to strengthen political support and priority for SWASH Strengthen SWASH monitoring, inspection and enforcement Explore fund flow mechanisms for SWASH from central government to schools Provide financial incentives for good performing schools Improve financial transparency at all levels Strengthen community involvement and ownership in SWASH Strengthen home and school linkages to improve the effectiveness of SWASH
From Mapping to Action: Achievements to Date MOU Between 4 Ministries responsible for Sanitation and Hygiene signed in 2010 and is being operationalised National School WASH Guidelines to be developed by 4 Ministries with support from SNV and UNICEF (2010) National Strategic Plan for School WASH (2010 – 2015) National Sanitation and Hygiene Policy is being developed (with higher priority and attention given to WASH in Schools) Thematic Working Group for School WASH established in 2010; chaired by MOH and MOEVT; supported by SNV and UNICEF
18 Education Sector Development Committee (ESDC) (Meets 4 times/year) School WASH Technical Working Group (SWASH-TWG) Co-Chairs: MOEVT & MOHSW Supporting DPs: UNICEF & SNV (Meets 6 times a year) Household Sanitation & Hygiene Technical Working Group (HHSH-TWG) Co-Chairs: PMO-RALG & MOHSW Supporting DPs: WSP & WaterAid (Meets 6 times a year) Education Sector Development Committee Task Force (Meet 4 times/year) Education Sector Cross Cutting Issues Technical Working Group (Meet 4 times/ year) Health Sector (HSSPIII) Technical Committee – Health SWAp (Meets twice/ year) Water Sector Development Programme Water Sector Working Group (WSWG) (Meets 4 times a year) Thematic Working Group: Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Component (Meet 8 time/ year) National Sanitation & Hygiene Technical Committee (NSHTC) Chair: MOHSW (Meets 4 times a year) National Sanitation & Hygiene Steering Committee (NSHSC) Chair: MOHSW (Meets 2 times a year) Health Promotion (Sanitation, Hygiene, Environmental Health Management and Climate Change) Technical Working Group (EHM & CC-TWG) Chair: MOHSW (Meets 12 times a year) Environmental Health & Climate Change Sub- Group Co-Chairs: NEMC & MOHSW (Meet 6 times/year) MOHSW Management Committee (Meets weekly) Thematic Working Group: Urban Water Supply & Sewerage Component (Meets 8 times a year)
Reflection on the 6 key messages Contribute evidence: Yes, very much Increase investment : Potentially high Demonstrate quality : Not yet showed results Monitor WASH in Schools: Still weak with no enforcement, need to be linked to performance monitoring and incentive-based fund allocation Involve multiple stakeholders: Starting Engage those who set policies: Yes, very much
Taking WASH in Schools to Scale - Challenges Ahead! Low priority for WASH in Schools: A difficult trade-off Teachers participation: Workload vs. motivation and incentive Engaging community and parents participation: Building trust & cohesion; changing of mind-set Enforcing minimum standard vs. fund availability Investing in WASH in Schools: Some for All or All for Some? Coordination at all levels: Agreeing on roles; responsibilities and mandates; harmonizing guidelines and standards. Performance monitoring Uncoordinated Funding for WASH in Schools Political interference vs. Political support
CLEAN AND HEALTHY SCHOOLS Better health and well-being for school children Better learning achievements, better learning outcomes INCLUSIVE SCHOOL WASH More girls to attend and stay in school More opportunities for children with disa bilities IMPROVED SCHOOL HYGIENE AND SANITATION Improve hygiene practices at home Influence positive S&H behavior in family & community Investing in WASH in Schools – Investing in a Healthier, Happier and Brighter Future Call to Action - Why WASH in Schools?