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How Do I Resolve Routing Congestion?

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Presentation on theme: "How Do I Resolve Routing Congestion?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How Do I Resolve Routing Congestion?

2 Objectives After completing this training, you will be able to:
Use various methods to resolve your design’s routing congestion Use the PlanAhead software to optimize your design’s routing Not everyone will have a routing problem, it will vary by application. Xilinx continues to focus on fine tuning software algorithms to improve routing optimization.

3 If you have Area Constraints…
Consider removing Area Constraints, unless you are certain they will be helpful Helpful Area Constraints only place logic near dedicated hardware or reserved I/O pins, only If your design has a top-level floorplan, unnecessary Area Constraints, or constrains a large percentage of the device, they may need to be removed In general the fewer the Area Constraints, the better A top-level floorplan usually constraints the top-most hierarchical blocks in your design, which means that over 80% of the design is constrained Note that if you eventually get the design to complete PAR, you might consider re-adding some Area Constraints and try implementing the design again

4 SmartXplorer Consider running SmartXplorer with the –cr (congestion reduction strategy) option from the command line Note that this may have a negative impact on meeting your timing constraints If any of these strategies do complete routing, it could indicate that the timing constraints are too tight Refer to Command Line Tools User Guide, UG628 for more information about the command line flow and options.

5 Run Additional Cost Tables
Run 10+ cost tables to determine how consistent the routing congestion is If a cost table is found where the congestion is greatly reduced or does not exist, compare the Congestion Metric Map output (in the PlanAhead Tool) with a failing result Evaluate the placement of the dedicated hardware (block RAM, DSP slice, and distributed RAM). If certain dedicated hardware is near routing congestion, place that dedicated hardware in the better placement. Refer to the Re-use Flow section of the Floorplanning Methodology Guide, UG633

6 Evaluating Routing Congestion
Import the design into the PlanAhead tool to analyze the vertical and horizontal routing Review the Analyzing Implementation Results and Displaying Design Metrics sections of the PlanAhead User Guide, UG632 for more details After loading the design into PlanAhead, right-click on the die view and select Metric  Horizontal/Vertical routing congestion per CLB Look for “Hot-Spots” These are locations on the die where most of the vertical or horizontal routing is used up

7 What to do with a “Hot Spot”
Determine if the logic in each hot spot is part of the same hierarchy of your design If it isn’t use Area Constraints to separate the hierarchies Don’t allow overlapping Area Constraints Try not to place timing critical logic poorly Evaluate the primitives associated with the hot-spots For example, if the logic is distributed RAM driving DSP slice or block RAM, evaluate the placement of these resources

8 What to do with a “Hot Spot”
Evaluate the routing associated with hot-spots If they are high fanout nets… Evaluate the placement of the loads. If they are far apart, consider grouping the logic with an Area Constraint. Also consider replicating the source to reduce the fanout Determine if routing congestion is near the configuration and system monitor resources If so, use the environment variable UAP_DENSMAP_CFG_NEIGHBORHOOD_SLOPE=1

9 What to do with a “Hot Spot”
Evaluate the pinout and GT placement in the PlanAhead tool to see if it is causing logic to spread out If they are consider removing the offending pin assignments to see if this is the cause

10 Evaluate Your Use of Control Signals
High fanout control signals Determine if the signals that have a fanout > 1000 are resets or clock enables Review the Spartan-6 and Virtex-6 HDL Coding Techniques Videos to determine if your design needs these signals Never code a reset for simulation purposes Also review the Retargeting Guidelines for Virtex-5 FPGAs, WP248 to determine if your design needs these signals

11 Evaluate RAM Distribution
Evaluate your use of Block RAM and Distributed RAM utilization From the MAP report determine if distributed RAM is > 40% or if your use of Block RAM is < 60% Don’t waste block RAM If your Block RAM usage is high evaluate the connectivity to these resources and consider floorplanning your memories Find all block RAMs with a common connectivity and group them into a single clock region Do the same with distributed RAMs Re-implement and re-evaluate your critical timing paths

12 Evaluate Your Clock Topology
Use your synthesis schematic viewer or the PlanAhead Tool to evaluate your design’s usage of the clocking resources Look if any clocking components can be reduced By reducing the number of BUFGs/BUFRs in a design, more flexibility is provided to the implementation tools Look for gated clocks in the design and/or clocks that might be routed on local routing resources Gated clocks can be re-targeted to the CE functionality of the BUFHCE to save routing resources

13 Evaluate Your Clock Topology with PlanAhead
Use the Find command (from PlanAhead) to trace your clocking resources or look for the primitive names

14 Manage Your Device Utilization
There is less flexibility in how the design gets implemented when the device utilization is high (usually over 80%) Avoid asynchronous resets They prevent logic from being merged into the block RAM and DSP slice resources SRLs cannot be inferred with any reset behavior Disable KEEP HIERARCHY options and/or attributes during synthesis to ensure all possible optimizations can be done by your synthesis tool

15 Summary Use a minimal amount of Area Constraints until you are certain they are not creating routing congestion Don’t let logic from different hierarchical blocks be placed in regions where routing congestion is present (separate the logic) Consider running SmartXplorer with the –cr Also consider running the tools for multiple cost tables Evaluate your routing congestion with the PlanAhead software Find your “Hot-Spots” Evaluate your use of control signals, memory resources, and clocking resources Manage your device utilization

16 Where Can I Learn More? Xilinx online documents
Virtex-6 FPGA Routing Optimization Design Techniques, WP381 Synthesis tool options, Implementation tool options, etc. PlanAhead User Guide, UG632 Display design metrics Floorplanning Methodology Guide, UG633 How to re-use placement information (Re-use Flow) Retargeting Guidelines for Virtex-5 FPGAs, WP248 Helpful resource to clarify HDL coding techniques Command Line Tool User Guide, UG628 How to run SmartXplorer with congestion reduction strategies

17 Where Can I Learn More? Xilinx Education Services courses Designing with Spartan-6 and Virtex-6 Device Families course How to get the most out of both device families How to build the best HDL code for your FPGA design How to optimize your design for Spartan-6 and/or Virtex-6 How to take advantage of the newest device features Free Video Based Training How To Create Area Constraints with PlanAhead What are the Benefits of PlanAhead? What Design Techniques Help Avoid Routing Congestion?

18 Trademark Information
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