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©Know Edge Ltd / RICS1 Robin McLaren Know Edge Ltd, Edinburgh Second UN-SPIDER Expert Meeting Geneva, 16 th November 2011 Report available from:
Land and Vulnerability to Disaster Land Use and Planning: Settlements on hazardous or environmentally sensitive land. Land Tenure: “Renters and squatters”. Informal urban settlements. Lack of recognition of customary rights. Land Administration: Incomplete or inaccurate records; no backups. Lack of national/local coordination. Corruption. Aceh Records Damage Land Disputes: History of displacement and conflict. Slow or dysfunctional Courts. Land Law: Widows and orphans’ rights. Access to land for resettlement. Land Administration: Incomplete or inaccurate records; no backups. Lack of national/local coordination. Corruption. ©Know Edge Ltd / RICS2
Challenge to Land Administrators 3 Only 25% of the 6 billion land parcels worldwide are formally registered and have robust security of tenure. ©Know Edge Ltd / RICS Land Administration Solutions are only fully operational and work reasonably well in about and mainly OECD countries and countries in transition in central Asia. Not enough current (350,000) or planned Land Professionals to support current Land Administration System paradigm
The Perfect Storm of Change 4 Source: ©Know Edge Ltd / RICS UrbanisationSecurity of Tenure Chasm Too Few Land Professionals Global Navigation Satellite Systems Image Based Mapping Mobile Phones Web 2.0 Social Networking Spatially Enabled Society Crowdsourcing Can crowdsourcing support a partnership between Land Professionals and Citizens?
Empowering Citizens to Engage with Land Administration Accessing Customer Information Services Recording Ownership Rights Obtaining Title Accessing Land Information Paying Mortgage Instalments Participating in Development Control / Planning Potential Mobile Land Administration Services 5©Know Edge Ltd / RICS
6 Know Edge Ltd6 Let’s try it and pilot it and make land administration by the people for the people a distinctly 21 st Century phenomenon. ©Know Edge Ltd / RICS Greater security of tenure and more complete & resilient land records. Citizens understand land rights issues and can participate in restitution process. Know where to place homeless people. Land administration less vulnerable to disasters.
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