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Presentation on theme: "THE GREAT DEPARTURE II."— Presentation transcript:


2 THEMES Biological Old Regime Industrial Revolution Empires

3 THEMES China and India Imperialism / State power Euro-centric World
The War to End all Wars

4 THEMES World War I / Versailles Treaty
Colonial Independence Movements / Rise of Germany Capitalism/Depression : Communism The Great Departure (fertilizer and fossil fuels) occurs!

5 World War II Axis Resentment and Imperial ambition by the Axis Powers
Struggle for what system will rule the world! WAR! (U.S. isolationist) Allies Axis

6 World War II 50 million dead (20 million in USSR; 10 million in China)
All industrial production for war effort Ends in 1945!

7 Post-World War II systems (?)
Hitler’s National-Socialism discredited Japan’s ‘statist development’ model discredited Europe’s colonial system discredited U.S. capitalist model survives - reshapes Japan; rebuilds Europe USSR communist model intact - China would go communist in 1949

8 Post-World War II systems (?)
Different visions US and USSR oppose colonized Third World -- US wants capital markets and resources! -- USSR wants world communism

9 Decolonization European states weak after WWII
Britain decides to make India independent - Splits into India and Pakistan No ‘state’ experience in Africa; borders drawn arbitrarily

10 Decolonization Much of Asia and ME decolonized by 1950
Africa mostly independent states by 1960 UN expands from 51 in 1945 to 127 by 1970; over 200 members today

11 Significant Revolutions
China – Nationalist Guomindang versus communists - communist victory in 1949 Vietnam – oust French in 1954; US loses in 1975 Algeria kicks out French in 1962 Portugal out of Angola in 1975 Former colonies leery of Western development – choose different paths to ‘close the gap’

12 The Cold War 1947-1991 Two Superpowers; Two warring blocs (cold)
US with international institutions (IMF, World Bank, UN) USSR with ‘world communism’

13 The Cold War - Highlights
“Reverse Course” with Germany and Japan “Containment” of USSR and Soviet Bloc China 1949 Korea (Koreans and Chinese) Vietnam Cuba Overthrow of elected Leftists in Latin America Support of authoritarian regimes in ME Cold War militarized much of the world!

14 Clash of Economies PRODUCTIONISM
Production to produce industrial goods Goal is more and more production Soviet ‘planned economy’ – state allocates resources - few incentives; people need pride - falsifying records common to meet quotas

15 Clash of Economies PRODUCTIONISM China and Mao use ‘5 year plans’
‘Great Leap Forward’ - rural industrialization of China - 20 million die of famine Environmental degradation immense - polluted water - polluted air

16 Clash of Economies Produce goods for consumers
US and allies follow ‘free trade’ and creation of industries for consumers ‘planned obsolescence’ and ‘advertising’ key!

17 Clash of Economies Cars and cheap housing fuel American Dream of consumerism Increase in electricity allows appliances for more leisure By 2000, 2/3 of US is consumer production; 1/3 for producers

18 Clash of Economies Cheap and available energy necessary!
- oil, steel, and cars Global finance develops to trade oil – politics of oil becomes prominent Environmental problems of oil; but world embraces consumerism

19 HOMEWORK Read p.185-194 again Quiz p.155-185
Write a short essay – choose a topic: - Cuba communist revolution - Algeria independence fight - Angola independence fight


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