2 THEMES Biological Old Regime Industrial Revolution Empires Nation-states
3 THEMES China and India Imperialism / State power Euro-centric World The War to End all Wars
4 THEMES World War I / Versailles Treaty Colonial Independence Movements /Rise of GermanyCapitalism/Depression : CommunismThe Great Departure (fertilizer and fossil fuels) occurs!
5 World War II Axis Resentment and Imperial ambition by the Axis Powers Struggle for what system will rule the world!WAR!(U.S. isolationist)AlliesAxis
6 World War II 50 million dead (20 million in USSR; 10 million in China) All industrial production for war effortEnds in 1945!
7 Post-World War II systems (?) Hitler’s National-Socialism discreditedJapan’s ‘statist development’ model discreditedEurope’s colonial system discreditedU.S. capitalist model survives- reshapes Japan; rebuilds EuropeUSSR communist model intact- China would go communist in 1949
8 Post-World War II systems (?) Different visionsUS and USSR oppose colonized Third World-- US wants capital markets and resources!-- USSR wants world communism
9 Decolonization European states weak after WWII Britain decides to make India independent- Splits into India and PakistanNo ‘state’ experience in Africa; borders drawn arbitrarily
10 Decolonization Much of Asia and ME decolonized by 1950 Africa mostly independent states by 1960UN expands from 51 in 1945 to 127 by 1970; over 200 members today
11 Significant Revolutions China – Nationalist Guomindang versus communists- communist victory in 1949Vietnam – oust French in 1954; US loses in 1975Algeria kicks out French in 1962Portugal out of Angola in 1975Former colonies leery of Western development – choose different paths to ‘close the gap’
12 The Cold War 1947-1991 Two Superpowers; Two warring blocs (cold) US with international institutions (IMF, World Bank, UN)USSR with ‘world communism’
13 The Cold War - Highlights “Reverse Course” with Germany and Japan“Containment” of USSR and Soviet BlocChina 1949Korea (Koreans and Chinese)VietnamCubaOverthrow of elected Leftists in Latin AmericaSupport of authoritarian regimes in MECold War militarized much of the world!
14 Clash of Economies PRODUCTIONISM Production to produce industrial goodsGoal is more and more productionSoviet ‘planned economy’ – state allocates resources- few incentives; people need pride- falsifying records common to meet quotas
15 Clash of Economies PRODUCTIONISM China and Mao use ‘5 year plans’ ‘Great Leap Forward’- rural industrialization of China- 20 million die of famineEnvironmental degradation immense- polluted water- polluted air
16 Clash of Economies Produce goods for consumers US and allies follow ‘free trade’ and creation of industries for consumers‘planned obsolescence’ and ‘advertising’ key!
17 Clash of EconomiesCars and cheap housing fuel American Dream of consumerismIncrease in electricity allows appliances for more leisureBy 2000, 2/3 of US is consumer production; 1/3 for producers
18 Clash of Economies Cheap and available energy necessary! - oil, steel, and carsGlobal finance develops to trade oil – politics of oil becomes prominentEnvironmental problems of oil; but world embraces consumerism
19 HOMEWORK Read p.185-194 again Quiz p.155-185 Write a short essay – choose a topic:- Cuba communist revolution- Algeria independence fight- Angola independence fight
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