Presentation on theme: "THE GREAT DEPARTURE II. THEMES Biological Old Regime Industrial Revolution Empires Nation-states."— Presentation transcript:
THE GREAT DEPARTURE II
THEMES Biological Old Regime Industrial Revolution Empires Nation-states
THEMES China and Indi a Euro-centric World Imperialism / State power The War to End all Wars
THEMES World War I / Versailles Treaty Colonial Independence Movements / Rise of Germany Capitalism/Depression : Communism The Great Departure (fertilizer and fossil fuels) occurs!
World War II Resentment and Imperial ambition by the Axis Powe rs Struggle for what system will rule the world! (U.S. isolationist) Allies Axis WAR!
World War II 50 million dead (20 million in USSR; 10 million in China) All industrial production for war effort Ends in 1945!
Post-World War II systems (?) Hitlers National-Socialism discredited Japans statist development model discredi ted Europes colonial system discredited U.S. capitalist model survives - reshapes Japan; rebuilds Europe USSR communist model intact - China would go communist in 1949
Post-World War II systems (?) Different visions US and USSR oppose colonized Third Worl d -- US wants capital markets and resources! -- USSR wants world communism
Decolonization European states weak after WWII Britain decides to make India independent - Splits into India and Pakistan No state experience in Africa; borders dr awn arbitrarily
Decolonization Much of Asia and ME decolonized by Africa mostly independent states by 1960 UN expands from 51 in 1945 to 127 by 19 70; over 200 members today
Significant Revolutions China – Nationalist Guomindang versus commu nists - communist victory in 1949 Vietnam – oust French in 1954; US loses in Algeria kicks out French in 1962 Portugal out of Angola in 1975 Former colonies leery of Western development – c hoose different paths to close the gap
The Cold War Two Superpowers; Two warring blocs (co ld) US with international institutions (IMF, World Bank, UN) USSR with world communism
The Cold War - Highlights Reverse Course with Germany and Japa n Containment of USSR and Soviet Bloc China 1949 Korea (Koreans and Chinese) Vietnam Cuba Overthrow of elected Leftists in Latin Amer ica Support of authoritarian regimes in ME Cold War militarized much of the world!
Clash of Economies Production to produce industrial goods Goal is more and more production Soviet planned economy – state alloca tes resources - few incentives; people need pride - falsifying records common to meet quotas PRODUCTIONISM
Clash of Economies China and Mao use 5 year plans Great Leap Forward - rural industrialization of China - 20 million die of famine Environmental degradation immense - polluted water - polluted air PRODUCTIONISM
Clash of Economies Produce goods for consumers US and allies follow free trade and creatio n of industries for consumers planned obsolescence and advertising k ey!
Clash of Economies Cars and cheap housing fuel American Dr eam of consumerism Increase in electricity allows appliances fo r more leisure By 2000, 2/3 of US is consumer productio n; 1/3 for producers
Clash of Economies Cheap and available energy necessary! - oil, steel, and cars Global finance develops to trade oil – polit ics of oil becomes prominent Environmental problems of oil; but world embraces consumerism
HOMEWORK Read p again Quiz p Write a short essay – choose a topic: - Cuba communist revolution - Algeria independence fight - Angola independence fight