Presentation on theme: "Building with Nature in practice: Two examples on wetland restoration Petra Dankers & Thomas Vijverberg 19 April 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Building with Nature in practice: Two examples on wetland restoration Petra Dankers & Thomas Vijverberg 19 April 2011
Introduction Wetland = areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt. Two examples of Building with Nature in practice Creating new wetland Lake Marken marsh project Wetland restoration Managed realignments Perkpolder project
Creating new wetland – focus on lakes Why? degeneration of lake systems creating stepping stone creating habitat nature compensation
Example: Case Markermeer Lake Marken - high turbidity - no interesting ecosystem While the lake would be suitable as - stepping stone - habitat for fresh water flora and fauna - high quality recreation and living area
Example: case Lake Marken NMIJ project – More natural Lake Marken and Lake IJ goal: developing measures to create a robust ecosystem and climate proof water system measure: enlarging habitat diversity by creating a large fresh water marsh (wetland) Task: give advice on building/creating new wetland BwN: allow natural processes to shape and develop the wetland (no polder, no dikes preventing water inflow, open boundaries)
Creating new wetland What is a large fresh water marsh? Step 1: reference situations Step 2: translate to Lake Marken situation How do you make it? Step 1: decide on species, size and material Step 2: start building
What is a large fresh water marsh?
-Shallow water, creeks, (10%) -Mud and sand flats (10 – 20 %) -Water and gently sloping shores with abundant water plants (10 – 20%) -Sedges (biezen) and phragmytes (riet) in shallow water (up to 50%) -floodplains (5%) -Dynamic with pionier vegetation -Erosion and sedimentation
What is a large fresh water swamp?
How do you make it? Which species? Which size? Which material?
Which species and size? 400 a 500 ha to have 75% of marsh birds Building block plas dras
Which material Material from Lake Marken - top layer is holocene material (mud, clay, peat) -< 10-15 m is sand (building sand) But how do you build with mud? is it stable, does it stay in place? does it set and how much? how much does it consolidate? when can things start growing? when can you walk on it? PILOT LAKE MARKEN MARSH
Pilot Marsh Ecology is leading but engineering is tested (because of time frame) Laboratory in Lake Marken of a few ha. Testing consolidation, construction, behaviour and suitability for developing marsh/swamp pioneer vegetation Result: in 2015 advice on creating large marsh in Lake Marken