Presentation on theme: "Climate Change Copenhagen Discord Climate Change Copenhagen Discord Walter Mendoza February Dialogues Fireflies Ashram February 17, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Climate Change Copenhagen Discord Climate Change Copenhagen Discord Walter Mendoza February Dialogues Fireflies Ashram February 17, 2010
The basis in Science The latest is the Fourth IPCC Assessment Report, "Climate Change 2007". AR4
The basis in Science Nobel Peace Prize 2007 Al Gore and IPCC
Net CO2 emissions = 7.9 GtC/yr Net CO2 intake capacity = 3.1 GtC/yr Excess CO2 emissions = 4.8 GtC/yr, 55% more than intake capacity
Total and per capita emissions 8
Canada United States Brazil Guyana Germany Netherlands United Kingdom Russia Kenya South Africa Tanzania Australia Bangladesh China India Japan Nepal New Zealand Vanuatu World average 4 tonnes per person per year Can sustain 2 tonnes per person per year
Canada United States Brazil Guyana Germany Netherlands United Kingdom Russia Kenya South Africa Tanzania Australia Bangladesh China India Japan Nepal New Zealand Vanuatu Who?
As is GHG dumping
Canada United States Brazil Guyana Germany Netherlands United Kingdom Russia Kenya South Africa Tanzania Australia Bangladesh China India Japan Nepal New Zealand Vanuatu Reduce – to converge
Canada United States Brazil Guyana Germany Netherlands United Kingdom Russia Kenya South Africa Tanzania Australia Bangladesh China India Japan Nepal New Zealand Vanuatu Increase to converge Climate justice
THE POLITICS The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 191 countries have ratified the Convention recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource it is a Framework for Intergovernmental efforts to * gather and share information greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices * launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to expected impacts, * cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries
THE POLITICS COP1 -The Berlin Mandate 1995 Common but Differentiated responsibilities Developing countries refused to take up binding commitments Two year Analytical and Assessment Phase (AAP) to address the original goal of the convention - to stabilize GHG emissions by Annex 1 countries at 1990 levels by 2000
THE POLITICS The Kyoto Protocol It is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate ChangeprotocolUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change The Kyoto Protocol is a legally binding agreement under which industrialized countries will reduce their collective emissions of greenhouse gasesgreenhouse gases by 5.2% compared to the year 1990 calculated as an average over the five-year commitment period of The Kyoto Protocol entered into force on 16 February 2005.
THE POLITICS Flexible Mechanisms CDMs
THE POLITICS COP13 - Bali 2007 The Bali Action Plan: Twin track Process IPCC – Bali : 25% - 40% < 1990 levels
THE POLITICS COP 14 at Poznan, Poland The National Action Plan on Climate Change India
ISSUES INVOLVED Industrial countries responsible for Climate change phenomenon. Over 80% of C02 emissions in the atmosphere for the last 150 years have come from richer countries
ISSUES INVOLVED Industrial countries responsible for Climate change phenomenon. Over 80% of C02 emissions in the atmosphere for the last 150 years have come from richer countries bogey increased CO2 likely from newly industrialised countries elephant in the room population!
ISSUES INVOLVED Inadequate current reduction targets compared to urgency of the problem IPCC – Bali : 25% - 40% EU : 20% - 30% US: 17% Japan: 25%
ISSUES INVOLVED Fudging on the CUT OFF – BASE Year: IPCC – Bali : 25% - 40% 1990 EU : 20% - 30% 2000? US: 17% 2005 Japan: 25% 1990
ISSUES INVOLVED Total emissions – per capita emissions bogey India and China among the top five emitters – total emissions total emissions today
Role of Civil Society Today?
Role of Civil Society Significant Role in the run-up to Kyoto CAN CSE Then commercial interests took over
The Corporation! It is an entity! It has the rights of an individual The buck stops with this entity But the power, the benefits, and the freedom go to the individuals behind these entities
Role of Civil Society As a result today there is a divide: International NGOs vs Third World NGOs Policy / Advocacy NGOs vis a vis Grassroots
beyond Marx and Capitalism poverty and oppression are issues of power poverty is technology and finance gone haywire development causes poverty
IMPLICATIONS Inequity is growing as theRe-define development: Traditionally, Development = growth + equity + social justice. trickle down theory has failed Percent income Richest 25%Middle 50%Poorest 25% %30%12% %25%6% %25%3% Richest 20%Middle 60%Poorest 20% %24%2%
beyond Marx and Capitalism Structural Change The overthrow of oppressive, exploitative structures Structural Adjustment Adjusting to reality, pragmatic programmes Managing problems – transfer of technology, knowhow
beyond Marx and Capitalism Structural Transformation
beyond Marx and Capitalism Structural Transformation economic, cultural, social, political and spiritual institutions that reflect the voices and power of the marginalized
beyond Marx and Capitalism Structural Transformation we have myriads of initiatives and experiments across the country, sub-continet, the world they are isolated, random, dispersed
beyond Marx and Capitalism Structural Transformation we need a myriad democratised intermediary level institutions that link these initiatives Focus on entitlements and capabilitie s
beyond Marx and Capitalism Structural Transformation democracy is the answer to poverty and scarcity China is no model – it is an extreme imitation of all that has gone wrong with the west democracy is giving voice and action to the marginalized
Decentralisation Layers of Autonomy local, regional, national, (international) based on Entitlements and Capabilities Implies recognition of local traditions - knowledge, technology skills, culture, … democratization of science, technology and finance neither only bottom-up; or top down
beyond Marx and Capitalism Structural Transformation in structural transformation – the independent, autonomous quest for alternatives it’s a subversive function – satyagraha
Our participation in Structural Transformation We are part of the problem urban high transaction costs excessive mobility high consumption conduits of the top-down approach We can be part of the solution dealing with our own carbon footprint respect for the dignity of local capabilities be the intersection facilitating the cross flow of information, knowledge and other resources urban resource: decentralised, democratised
beyond Marx and Capitalism Learning from Gandhi Gandhi's voluntarism was a major shift in voluntarism practiced in traditional Indian society. It emphasized empowerment and transformation of society and acquired a political content. However, these voluntary initiatives had none of the organizational characters to classify them as modern.
Structural Transformation let us be part of the Solution with conviction commitment and compassion This is true satyagraha