Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 6: Probability. Flow of inferential statistics and probability SamplePopulation Inferential Statistics Probability.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6: Probability. Flow of inferential statistics and probability SamplePopulation Inferential Statistics Probability."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6: Probability

2 Flow of inferential statistics and probability SamplePopulation Inferential Statistics Probability

3 Jars of Marbles

4 Probability Equation Probability of A = Number of outcomes classified as A Total number of possible outcomes

5 Probability is Proportion Coin tosses -- p (heads) = ? Cards p (King of Hearts) = ? p (ace) = ? p (red ace) = ?

6 Number list 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 9

7 Simple frequency table xf

8 Random Sample 1.Each individual in the population has an equal chance of being selected. 2.If more than one individual is selected, there must be constant probability for each and every selection.

9 Biased Sample

10 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 5, 6 xf

11 Frequency distribution X frequency

12 Frequency distribution X frequency

13 Normal Curve µ X 

14 Normal Curve with percentages 13.59% µ z % 13.59% 2.28%

15 Comparison of Curves  = 6 µ X (a) µ z (b)

16 Curve broken down into sd’s z 

17 Proportion in Tail vs. Body (A) z (B) Proportion in Body (C) Proportion in Tail Meanz z C C B

18

19 Comparison of 3 curves (c) z µ (a) z µ (b) z µ

20 Comparison of 2 normal curves z (a) µ µ z (b)

21 Z-score formula in relation to probability XZ Probability z-score formula Unit normal table

22 Normal curve with mean, 1 sd, and 2 z-scores  = 100 X µ z 01.50

23 Normal curve with mean, 2 sd’s, and 3 z-scores  = 100 X µ z

24 Normal curve with top 15% shaded  = 100 X µ = 500 z Top 15%

25 Curve with mean of 100, shaded below 114 X µ = 100 z  =

26 Curve with mean of 100, shaded below 92 X µ = 100 z  = 10 92

27 Curve with mean of 60, shaded below 34% X µ = 60  = 5 P = or 34%

28 Normal Curve with Quartiles 25% z Quartiles Q1Q2Q3

29 Probability of heads in two coin tosses Probability Number of heads in two coin tosses

30 Probability of heads in 4 & 6 coin tosses Probability (a) Probability (b) Number of Heads in six coin tosses Number of Heads in four coin tosses

31 The Relationship Between the Binomial Distribution and the Normal Distribution X


Download ppt "Chapter 6: Probability. Flow of inferential statistics and probability SamplePopulation Inferential Statistics Probability."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google