Presentation on theme: "Environmental Health Specialist II"— Presentation transcript:
1 Environmental Health Specialist II Outdoor Play AreasSusan Lane, REHS, CPSIEnvironmental Health Specialist II
2 Outdoor GroundsMaintenance: The grounds shall be maintained in a sanitary condition, well drained and free of refuse, litter, animal droppings, insect and rodent harborages, poisonous plants, weed overgrowth, and unused equipment.7.0
3 Outdoor GroundsExterior Garbage: Exterior garbage and rubbish containers shall be easily cleanable, covered with a tight fitting lid, well maintained, inaccessible to children and removed on a frequency that prevents creation of a nuisance.
4 Swimming and Wading Pools Permanent Water Features A Health Permit to operate a public pool shall be maintained for a Child Care Center swimming pool or permanent wading pool.All bodies of water shall have a barrier that conforms to NAC
5 Swimming and Wading Pools Swimming and permanent wading pools shall meet all requirements of the Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) 444, “Public Bathing Places and Spas.”Portable wading pools are prohibited
6 Playground Statistics Purpose of Hazard Identification is to reduce the number and severity of life-threatening and seriously debilitating injuries#1 cause of DEATH: Entanglement due to clothes or something around a child’s neck becoming caught or entwined on a component of playground equipment
7 Playground Statistics #1 cause of INJURY: Falls which result in brain damage, permanent paralysis, long bone fractures, other long term, life-impacting injuriesBoth of these causes may be abated by proper use of equipment, supervision, and handholds, guardrails and protective barriers
8 Child Care Center Outdoor Play Areas 7.4 An outdoor play area must meet SNHD criteria for the following:7.4.1 Construction Plan Review7.4.2 Enclosures7.4.3 Visibility7.4.4 Drinking Water7.4.5 Shade7.4.6 Playground Equipment7.4.7 Protective Surfaces7.4.8 Maintenance andSupervision
9 Construction Plan Review 7.4.1 Properly developed plans for construction, expansion, renovation or conversion shall be submitted to SNHD Plan Review.
10 EnclosuresPerimeter fencing or walls must be no less than 48” in heightFencing and components must be sturdy, rigid and non-deforming
11 Enclosures 7.4.2 Spacing between vertical components and under the fencemust be 3.5” or lessNon-compliant fence
12 Enclosures 7.4.2 Hand or foot holds Chain link exposed The fence shall be constructed so that it is non-climbable.Both examples show climbable fencing due to hand or foot holds under 48 inches, and abatement netting in disrepair.Hand or foot holdsChain link exposed
13 Climbable Fences—Not Allowed Both violations show hand or foot holds under 48 inches
14 Enclosures 7.4.2 Acceptable measures to abate climbable enclosures SlatsNettingBoth!
15 Enclosures 7.4.2An additional abatement measure for climbable fencing is total replacement of the climbable fencing.Suitable non-climbable alternatives are compliant vertical component fencing (spacing between vertical components and under the fence less than 3.5 inches) or a solid wall
16 Enclosures 7.4.2Two examples of acceptable non-climbable fencing
17 Enclosure HazardsAn exposed bolt end that protrudes more than 2 full threads is an entanglement hazard—bolt ends must be trimmed to two or less threads and sanded if necessary to avoid an abrasion hazard
19 Good solution—tennis balls Enclosure HazardsGood solution—tennis ballswork alsoProtrusion
20 Visibility 7.4.3The outdoor play area must be arranged so all areas are visible to the Child Care Providers.Areas to the sides of a facility must be inaccessible.7.4.3
21 Side yard inaccessible Visibility 7.4.3Side yard accessibleSide yard inaccessible
22 Drinking Water 7.4.4Potable water must be available in each outdoor area.Fixtures must be clean and sanitaryFountain pressure must be regulated to keep the stream in the fountain basin and to avoid mouths touching the water source126.96.36.199.4
23 Drinking Water 7.4.4Dirty fountainStream overshoots
24 Drinking Water 9.1.4Potable water may be provided from containers capable of being washed, rinsed and sanitized.The container must be properly secured to prevent tipping and contamination.Single service cups must be stored in a sanitary manner7.4.4
25 Approved means of supply Drinking Water 9.1.4Approved means of supply
26 Drinking Water 9.1.4 Metal surfaces must be coated or shaded to avoid burnsBefore coatingAfter7.4.6
27 Drinking Water 9.1.4 Fountain has been made safe – push button is covered with plastic,bubbler is also plastic
28 Unshaded plastic slide Minimum 5 ft2 per child per maximum facility capacity as determined by the Licensing Authority.Excludes shade provided by walls of buildingRequired in each separately fenced areaThe ground area of the canopy of mature living trees can satisfy shade requirements.Unshaded plastic slidetemperature on asummer day7.4.5
29 Playground Equipment 7.4.6Commercial grade only, in compliance with U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission Standards (CPSC)7.4.6
30 Antique fire engines or vehicles, unshaded metal Playground Equipment 7.4.6Items not allowed:Antique fire engines or vehicles, unshaded metal7.4.6
32 Playground Equipment 7.4.6Age Appropriate Use: Access to play equipment must be limited to developmentally appropriate age groupsPlayground equipment must have signage that defines the age range of children for which the equipment is intended.7.4.6
33 Playground Equipment 7.4Playground equipment must be of safe design and maintained in good repair.Hazards that require time for correction shall be maintained inaccessible to children until corrections are made.
34 Playground Equipment Testing Required Equipment:1. National Playground Safety Institute test probes and gauges2. Spade or digging tool3. Tape Measure4. Camera7.4.6
35 Playground Equipment Testing Completely BoundedOpening Head and Torso Probes:If the Torso Probe passes through an opening, the Head Probe must also passTorsoHead
36 Playground Equipment Testing The anthropometric basis for the three-dimensional Head and Torso Probes:5th percentile 2-year old for the TorsoProbe (smallest torso)95th percentile 5-year old for the HeadProbe (largest head)“Where the smallest torso goes,the largest head must follow”
37 Playground Equipment Testing 50 FtLb Gauge usedin conjunction withthe head and torsoprobes to test completely bounded nonrigid openings such as flexible nets,tot seats, andplastic enclosures
49 Equipment Maintenance Check for structural integrity,missing pieces, equipment thathas “settled” causing joints to open7.4.6
50 Equipment Maintenance Broken swing chainCorroding metal bridgeRusty surface7.4.6
51 Equipment Maintenance Worn connecting devicesat points of moving contactDuct tape used for repair
52 Equipment HazardsVery common finger entrapment—equipment has been modified from original design, leaving this hazard
53 May be abated by restricting movement Equipment HazardsCrush, shear,entanglement hazardAbatementMay be abated by restricting movementof wheel or replacing with a solid, not open-spoked wheel or solid mounting piece
54 Equipment Hazards Hand holds at the top of this chain climber are missing—note the empty attachment bracket
55 Non-commercial materials Equipment HazardsNon-commercial materialsused for repair
56 Two examples of entanglement hazards due to protrusion of fasteners Equipment HazardsTwo examples of entanglement hazards due to protrusion of fasteners
68 Equipment Hazards Two legs of this play structure did not touch the ground, andcontained metal edges
69 Maintenance/Supervision The Child Care Center Director or designee shall inspect the outdoor play area daily before children go out to play to ensure there are no hazards present.7.4.8
70 Maintenance/Supervision Sand boxes smaller than 100 square feet shall be covered when not in use.Larger sand play areas left uncovered shall be inspected a minimum of daily, prior to children entering the area, to remove any animal fecal matter or other foreign debris.7.4.8
71 Debris present in children’s area Playground HazardsDebris present in children’s area
74 Playground HazardsOverhead obstructions (tree branches, ropes), within the use zones of play equipment must be at least 84 in. (7 ft) above each designated play surface and the pivot point of swings
75 Tree branches within children’s reach Playground HazardsTree branches within children’s reach
85 Playground Hazards Violation Utility meters must be inaccessible Power supply boxes must be locked or inaccessibleViolation7.4.8
86 Playground Hazards Utility poles and their supports need to be made inaccessibleTree supports needto be high enoughto eliminate any hazard7.4.8
87 Bird droppings on play structure handholds Playground HazardsBird droppings on play structure handholds7.4.8
88 SurfacingOutdoor play areas may be dirt, grass, concrete, asphalt, etc., and may not contain hazards such as leftover construction debris, rocks, irrigation equipment or irregular surfaces.Adequate surfacing must be in good repair—not lifting, cracking and free of holes, trip hazards or worn spots
90 Required in the use zone of Protective SurfacingRequired in the use zone ofclimbable equipment. When a center has no climbable equipment or swings no special surfacing is required.7.4.7
91 Protective Surfacing Fall height—The vertical distance from a designated play surface and the protectivesurfacing beneath itDesignated play surface—Any elevated surface for standing, walking, sitting or climbing, or a flat surface greater than 2 inches wide by 2 inches long having an angle less than 30° from horizontal
92 Protective Surfacing The slide platform is the highest elevated surface on this piece.The fall height is measured at this point.
93 Protective SurfacingCritical height—The fall height below which a life-threatening head injury would not be expected to occurProtective surfacing—Material(s) to be used within the use zone of any playground equipment
94 Protective SurfacingCheck for proper surfacing in the use zones of equipmentProtective surfacing must be installed to a depth appropriate to the fall height of the equipment and the critical height of tested materials per Handbook for Public Playground Safety, Consumer Product Safety Commission Pub. No. 325, Table 17.4.7
95 Protective SurfacingAsphalt, concrete, soil, hard packed dirt, grass and turf are unsuitable for use under and around playground equipment of any heightAcceptable playground protective surfacing materials are available in two basic types, unitary or loose-fill
96 CPSC Table 1-Critical Heights of Tested Materials (in feet/9in depth) Tests were conducted in accordance with ASTM F1292
97 Protective SurfacingThe CPSC Table 1 contains select loose-fill material data only.For other materials, including unitary materials such as pour-in-place urethane and rubberized artificial turf, or loose-fill materials such as tire crumbs and bark nuggets, test data from an independent testing laboratory certifying the critical height of material (per ASTM F1292) must be obtained and maintained on file by the operator.
98 Garden spade used to determine depth of material Protective SurfacingCenters must maintain loose surfacing integrity.The surface material must be properly drained.When loose fill, resilient material becomes compacted, it must be raked and/or turned to restore resilience.Garden spade used to determine depth of material7.4.7
99 Protective SurfacingInadequate surfacing often exposes trip hazards—in addition to the hazard of inadequate impact attenuation material.
100 Trip hazard and an exposed rock Protective SurfacingTrip hazard and an exposed rock
101 Protective SurfacingSurfacing material accumulates under platforms and slides…
102 Protective Surfacing …leaving the use zone areas with inadequate protectionand exposedhazards
103 Protective SurfacingInadequate surfacing in equipment use zones will result in play area closure until surfacing is restored; the Licensing Authority is notified.7.4.7
104 Surfacing ProblemsSquares have become hardened and no longer provide protection.They also pose a trip hazard.
105 Surfacing ProblemsWorn surfacing and exposed sub-surface which has hardened—this center attempted to replace the green turfwithout going through Plan Review orreplacing the resilient surfacing underneath.
106 Surfacing Problems Missing pieces in use zones mean no protection plus they present trip hazards
107 Surfacing ProblemsUneven surfacing witha holeExposed tree roots
108 Unitary material in disrepair Surfacing ProblemsUnitary material in disrepair
109 “Puzzle squares” are not appropriate surfacing Surfacing Problems“Puzzle squares” are not appropriate surfacing
110 Surfacing Problems Check the integrity of these mats. They age and harden andoften need to be removed because theyprovide no additionalimpact attenuationprotection, and are actually a hardersurface than the protective surface underneath.
111 Equipment Use ZonesMinimum 6 ft radius from perimeter of equipment to any unyielding surfaceConsult CPSC Handbook for Public Playground Safety for specific equipment
112 Equipment Use Zones: Stationary Equipment (excluding slides): 6 feet in all directions from the perimeter of the equipmentUse zones of two stationary adjacent pieces may overlap (6 ft) if the designated play surfaces are less than 30 inches—9 ft if greater than 30 inches
113 Use Zone for Slides In front of access and to the sides:6ft At the slide exit:H + 4ft where H=distance from protective surfacing to highest point of the chuteSlide use zones may never overlap
114 Use Zone for Single-Axis Swings Front and rearof swing:2X Height from the protective surfacing to the pivot pointSide of swing:6 feetFront and rear use zones may not overlap. Side use zones may overlap.
125 Fall ProtectionEither guardrails or protective barriers may be used to prevent inadvertent or unintentional falls off elevated platforms. In addition, they should be designed to prevent intentional attempts by children seeking to defeat the barrier either by climbing over or through the barrier.
126 Fall ProtectionGuardrails or protective barriers should completely surround an elevated platform except for entrance and exit openings necessary to access the play equipment.
127 Fall ProtectionThe recommended elevated surface heights that require protection are:Preschool-Age—more than 20”School-Age—more than 30”Platforms that are more than 48” require a protective barrier.
128 Fall ProtectionThe minimum height should prevent the largest children from inadvertently falling over the guardrail or protective barrier.A guardrail should extend low enough to prevent the smallest child from inadvertently stepping under it.A protective barrier should not permit children to climb through or under it, and should preclude passage of the torso template.
129 Fall Protection Recommended specifications for Guardrails taken from CPSC Publication No. 325
130 Guardrail Protective Barrier Fall ProtectionGuardrail Protective Barrier
131 Not required on this piece Fall ProtectionNot required on this piece
132 Fall ProtectionThe recommended minimum height of a protective barrier is:Preschool-Age Children—minimum 29”School-Age Children—minimum 38”
133 Consult the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission Handbook for Public Playground Safety Publication No. 325 for additional information regarding:SurfacingUse Zones for EquipmentLayout and DesignInstallation and Maintenance of EquipmentPlatforms, Guardrails & Protective BarriersStairways, Ladders & HandrailsGeneral Hazards
134 Family Care Homes The street address must be affixed to the residence andeasily readable fromthe street.12.1.1
135 Family Care Homes Enclosures: Perimeter fencing or walls and gates mustbe no less than 48 inches (48”) in heightSpacing between vertical components or under the fence must be 3.5” or lessGates must be secured so children cannot gain unauthorized exit12.3
136 Family Care HomesAll mechanical equipment including heating, ventilation, air conditioning systems (HVAC) must be inaccessible12.1.3
137 Family Care HomesExterior garbage and rubbish containers shall be easily cleanable, covered with a tight fitting lid and inaccessible to children.Anti-siphon, backflow prevention, or vacuum breakers shall be installed on all water outlets to which a hose may be attached.188.8.131.52
138 Family Care HomesUse of residential swimming pools, spas and portable wading pools is prohibited for children in care during business hours.12.2.1
139 Bodies of Water--Barriers to Access: Family Care HomesBodies of Water--Barriers to Access:Wall or non-climbable, permanent fence, minimum 5 ft (5’0”) highVertical openings not more than 3 ½” apart12.2.2
140 Family Care Homes Bodies of Water--Barriers to Access: Gates or doors must be self-closing withpositive self-latching mechanisms located42-48” above the ground on the sidefacing the body of water12.2.2
141 Family Care HomesShade must be provided in addition to the shade offered by the exterior walls of theresidence:Minimum 50 sq feet for Family Care HomesMinimum 100 sq feet for Group Care HomesMature trees may satisfy this requirement12.3.2
142 Family Care HomesAn elevated, portable water table may be used for water play—it must be emptied, cleaned and sanitized immediately after each useSprinkler play is permitted as long as the area remains free of pooling water12.2.312.2.4
143 Family Care HomesAn outdoor play area shall be arranged so that all areas in a given enclosed play yard are visible to the Child Care Provider12.3.1
144 Family Care HomesAge Appropriate Use: Access to play equipment shall be limited to age groups for which the equipment is developmentally appropriate according to the manufacturer instructions.Equipment not commercially manufactured shall comply with the requirements of the most current edition of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Handbook for Public Playground Safety, Publication No. 325.
145 Family Care Homes Outdoor Play Equipment Climb-on equipment shall bepositioned at least 6 feet awayfrom any unyielding surface such as pavement, fences, trees or other equipment.Surfacing and use zonesare non-compliant
146 Family Care Homes Backyard Hazards Potentially dangerous tools or equipment, pesticides and other toxic substances must be maintained inaccessible to children12.1.2
147 Family Care Homes Backyard Hazards Gas grills need to be inaccessible,and trampoline use isnot allowed12.1.312.3.3
148 Family Care Homes Backyard Hazards Storage shedsshall be lockedat all times12.1.2
149 Family Care Homes Backyard Hazards Garden hoses andloose cable orphone wireson exterior walls posean entanglement hazard
150 Family Care Homes Multiple Hazards ImpalementEntanglementTrippingAbrasion
151 More Hazards, Same Location Insufficient Use Zone—6’ minimumInsufficient Surfacing—positioned on unyielding surface
152 Family Care Home Backyard Hazards Inadequate Use ZoneInsufficient SurfacingChairs in the Use Zone
153 Inspection and Compliance The operator of the Child Care Facility shall maintain a copy of the last health inspection report as well as a copy of the regulations on file at the facility, readily available for parental review.Unless otherwise noted on the inspection report, all items of violation shall be corrected within 30 days.2.0
154 Resources www.southernnevadahealthdistrict.org which has links for: --Southern Nevada Health District Regulations Governing the Sanitation of Child Care Facilities--Southern Nevada Health District Regulations Governing the Sanitation of Food Establishments--Playground Resource Guide (a copy of this presentation)--U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission publication No. 325, Handbook for Public Playground Safety, and the Outdoor Home Playground Safety Handbook