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Western Washington Hydrology Model Version 3 AWRA Washington Section January 2007 Doug Beyerlein, P.E. Clear Creek Solutions, Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Western Washington Hydrology Model Version 3 AWRA Washington Section January 2007 Doug Beyerlein, P.E. Clear Creek Solutions, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Western Washington Hydrology Model Version 3 AWRA Washington Section January 2007 Doug Beyerlein, P.E. Clear Creek Solutions, Inc.

2 Western Washington Hydrology Model Version 3 This presentation was given by Doug Beyerlein at the AWRA Washington Section meeting at Pyramid Ale House restaurant in Seattle on January 24, © 2007 Clear Creek Solutions, Inc.

3 Clear Creek Solutions’ Hydrology Expertise Clear Creek Solutions, Inc., provides complete range of hydrologic and stormwater modeling services. Clear Creek specializes in continuous simulation hydrologic modeling. We have 30+ years of experience modeling complex hydrologic and stormwater problems. We created WWHM3 for Washington State Department of Ecology and are adapting it to model San Francisco Bay Area watersheds and facilities. We teach WWHM and HSPF workshops.

4 Presentation Introduction WWHM Background and Theory WWHM and HSPF WWHM3 Standard and PRO WWHM3 LID Modeling Applications in Other Regions of the Country Questions & Answers

5 WWHM Introduction Developed for the State of Washington Department of Ecology. Project Manager: Dr. Foroozan Labib Department of Ecology PO Box Olympia, WA (360)

6 WWHM Introduction Developed for the 19 counties of western Washington. Part of Ecology’s Stormwater Management Manual

7 WWHM Introduction WWHM3 Standard is available free from the Washington State Department of Ecology web site:

8 WWHM Background and Theory Washington State Department of Ecology’s Stormwater Management Manual updated in 2005 to comply with:  Federal Clean Water Act (NPDES Phase I and II)  Federal Endangered Species Act  State Water Pollution Control Act

9 WWHM Background and Theory Ecology’s Stormwater Management Manual  Specifies a flow duration standard  Requires the use of Western Washington Hydrology Model (WWHM) or equivalent

10 WWHM Background and Theory Flow duration standard: based on erosive flows. Erosive flow range: ½ of the 2-year to the 50-year

11 WWHM Background and Theory Flow Duration Analysis: Percent of time the flow exceeds a specific value. Requires continuous simulation hydrology to compute flow duration.

12 WWHM Background and Theory Continuous simulation hydrology models the entire hydrologic cycle for multiple years. Stormwater runoff = surface runoff + interflow.

13 Where the rain goes: Forest Impervious Evapotranspiration 0% 100% Surface Runoff Interflow Groundwater/Base Flow Land use development

14 WWHM Capabilities WWHM uses continuous simulation hydrology to compute stormwater runoff for both predevelopment and post-development conditions. Predevelopment Post-development

15 WWHM Capabilities  WWHM continuous simulation computations from HSPF (included in WWHM software).  HSPF runs in the background with calibrated parameter values and local meteorological data.  HSPF sponsored and funded by EPA and USGS.

16 How WWHM/HSPF works  Drainage areas are divided into pervious land segments based on soil, vegetation, and land slope and impervious land segments.  Pervious and impervious segments are linked to conveyance pathways (pipes, ditches, ponds, streams, rivers, lakes, etc.)  Historic rainfall and evaporation are used as input.

17 How WWHM/HSPF works  The entire water cycle is modeled on an hourly or shorter time step for multiple years.  The model computes changes in soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and runoff every time step.  Three types of runoff:  surface runoff  interflow  groundwater/base flow

18 How WWHM works  Calibrated parameter values are built into WWHM (different calibrated parameter values are used for different climatic regions).  Local precipitation and evaporation data are included in WWHM.

19 How WWHM works  User locates project on county map, inputs pre- and post-development land use, and proposed mitigation measure(s).  Predevelopment and mitigated flows are compared at Point of Compliance (POC).  Mitigated flows are not allowed to exceed flow duration standards.

20 How WWHM works  User outputs report file and project file.  Output files can be submitted to the permitting agency for approval.  Permitting agency can load project file and rerun analysis, if needed.  Report file summarizes input data and output results.

21 How WWHM works  Guidance/help is provided by  User Manual  Training Workshops  CCS Project Book*  Tech Support* * Go to for more details.www.clearcreeksolutions.com

22 WWHM Version 3: Goal: give the user greater flexibility and options:  High groundwater element  Lateral flow between basins  More elements  More output options  New LID options

23 WWHM Version 3: Version 3 projects have no drainage area size limitations: entire watersheds can be modeled. Version 3 can be customized to local jurisdictions (e.g., City of Bellingham, City of Seattle)

24 WWHM3 Standard: 14 elements: 1.basin 2.trapezoidal pond 3.tank 4.lateral pervious basin (NEW) 5.high groundwater/wetland (NEW) 6.vault 7.open channel (NEW) 8.time series (NEW) 9.lateral impervious basin (NEW) 10.gravel trench bed (NEW) 11.sand filter 12.flow splitter (IMPROVED) 13.irregular-shaped pond 14.stage-storage-discharge table

25 WWHM3 PRO: WWHM3 Standard plus:  user selected time step (5 minutes to one hour)  tagged flow routing  additional elements  culverts  green roofs  landscape swales/bioretention/ rain gardens  SWMM routing connection  GIS land use connection

26 WWHM3 PRO: SWMM routing connection

27 WWHM3 PRO: GIS connection

28 WWHM3 LID Modeling Green/vegetated/eco-roof

29 WWHM Green Roof Modeling Study performed for Seattle Public Utilities Green roof modeled: Portland Hamilton Building Data provided by Portland BES

30 WWHM Green Roof Modeling Seattle Green Roof Frequency Reduction Return Period (years)Reduction 224% 520% 1018% 2516% 5015% 10015%

31 WWHM Green Roof Modeling Seattle Roof Flow Duration Comparison Conventional Runoff Green Roof Runoff

32 WWHM Green Roof Modeling Seattle Roof Peak Runoff Comparison

33 WWHM Rain Garden Modeling Seattle Bioretention Swales

34 WWHM Rain Garden Modeling Seattle Bioretention Swales

35 WWHM Rain Garden Modeling Native Soil Amended Soil (1-3 layers) Weir and vertical orifice outlet Underdrain (optional)

36 Rain Garden Modeling Seattle Rain Garden Frequency Reduction Return Period (years)Reduction 266% 563% 1064% 2566% 5067% 10069%

37 WWHM Rain Garden Modeling Stormwater volume reduction:

38 Applications in Other Regions of the County Bay Area Hydrology Model (BAHM), California Edwards Aquifer Hydrology Model, Texas

39 Bay Area Hydrology Model Developed for: Alameda Countywide Clean Water Program Santa Clara Valley Urban Runoff Pollution Prevention Program San Mateo Countywide Stormwater Pollution Prevention Program

40 BAHM Residential development:

41 BAHM – WWHM Differences: Flow control standard: BAHM: 10% of 2-yr to 10-yr WWHM: 50% of 2-yr to 50-yr Pre-development standard: BAHM: existing land use WWHM: forest Water quality standard: BAHM: 48-hr retention WWHM: 91% treatment

42 Edwards Aquifer: Major water supply for San Antonio-Austin, TX Watersheds:  Blanco  Frio-Dry Frio  Sabinal  Sabinal-Medina  Medina  Medina-Cibolo  Cibolo  Guadalupe  Nueces

43 Edwards Aquifer Watershed Topography

44 Edwards Aquifer Sabinal watershed: Compute recharge (based on 50-year historic precipitation record)

45 Edwards Aquifer Evaluate changes in annual recharge:

46 Edwards Aquifer Evaluate: Vegetation management impacts Precipitation augmentation Additional in-stream recharge structures Software to be completed in 2007.

47 Acknowledgements Seattle Public Utilities and Washington State University provided the funding for this modeling of green roofs and rain gardens. The City of Portland, Oregon, Bureau of Environmental Services (BES) provided the Hamilton green roof monitoring data.

48 WWHM Future Enhancements  additional low impact development/ source BMPs  HSPF water quality  3-D graphical interface  your ideas?

49 WWHM3 Questions? Contact: Doug Beyerlein Joe Brascher Or go to:


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