Presentation on theme: "WSADCP 16th Annual Fall Conference South Center Doubletree"— Presentation transcript:
1Drug Trends in Washington State __________________________________________________ WSADCP 16th Annual Fall ConferenceSouth Center DoubletreeTukwila, WashingtonOctober 18, 2013Steven Freng, Psy.D., MSWNW HIDTA Prevention/Treatment Manager
2What is a HIDTA? “HIGH INTENSITY DRUG TRAFFICKING AREA” HIDTAs are part of the national drug control strategy. They are grant programs managed by the Office of National Drug Control Policy, awarded to geographic areas that are considered to be critical centers of drug production, manufacturing, importation, distribution and/or chronic consumption.
4Northwest HIDTA Whatcom San Juan Okanogan Pend Orielle Ferry Skagit StevensIslandClallamSnohomishJeffersonChelanDouglasKitsapKingLincolnSpokaneGraysHarborMasonGrantKittitasPierceAdamsWhitmanThurstonPacificLewisYakimaFranklinWahkiakumGarfieldBentonCowlitzColumbiaSkamaniaWalla WallaAsotinKlickitatClark
5Northwest HIDTA Strategy Combining Public Safety and Public Health Approaches: ENFORCEMENTInvestigative SupportTask Force SupportPREVENTIONCommunity Coalition SupportPublic Education & AwarenessTREATMENTDrug Court ProgramsData Management & Evaluation
6Investigative Support Center (ISC) Primary Components Information Services UnitWatch CenterOfficer SafetyDeconflictionAnalytical UnitIntelligence Research/Strategic StudiesTactical AnalysisCase SupportAdministrative UnitTechnical Equipment & Services, Database Management, Fiscal Management, Training
7Threat Indicators “Critical Events” registered with the NW HIDTA by 61 L.E.A.s in 1998:Cocaine:Methamphetamine 79HeroinMarijuana:Other: _6_273
8The file name for the slide that has the stats for this slide P:/Watch Center RECORDS YEARLY STATS TO 2011 CEV totals.xlsThe file name for just the slide is P:/Watch Center RECORDS YEARLY STATS Percentage CEV by Drug.pptx
9Threat Indicators “Critical Events” registered by 156 L.E.A.s in 2011 & 2012:Methamphetamine 1,342 1,753Marijuana 1,Heroin ,070CocaineRx OpiatesMDMA (Ecstasy)Other5,164 5,037
10Specific Drug Used When First Starting Drug Use, 2011 SOURCE: Adapted by CESAR from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables, Available online at
11Past Year Initiates of Specific Illicit Drugs Persons Aged 12 or Older: 2009
12Percentage of U.S. 9-12th Graders Reporting Past Year Substance Abuse, 2012
13Abuse/Dependence on Illicit Drugs in the Past Year (aged 12 or older)
14Drug-related E-R Visits (DAWN, Seattle SMSA) Source: DAWN Live!!!Non-Med Use = Overmedication, Malicious poisoning, Other[Drug Abuse]
16WA State Treatment Admission by Drug Adults, 2006-12 200720082009201020112012Meth10,0219,2228,6527,4316,2346,0696,012Marijuana5,1305,4405,6626,3935,7995,4114,630Heroin3,4493,1373,4394,3934,9396,3307,267Cocaine4,1344,3714,5613,8132,3831,8651,443RxOpiates1,9952,3873,0023,9214,1513,3374,581
17Publicly-funded Tx Admissions WA State Youth It is important to put methamphetamine admissions into perspective.This data is combined for youth and adults and represents those clients admitted to publicly-funded treatmentIn Washington State almost five thousand (4,846) people with primary amphetamine/methamphetamine addiction were admitted to publicly-funded treatment in State Fiscal Year 2001.During this time period, the majority of of publicly-funded treatment admissions for youth and adults were for alcohol – This is 46% of all treatment admissionsMarijuana comprised 20% of these admissions, followed by methamphetamine (13.6%), opiates (10%), cocaine (8%), and other drugs (2%). Some of these other drugs include hallucinogens, inhalants, and over-the-counter drugs.The important reality is that methamphetamine, while on the increase, Methamphetamine comprises only 14% of our publicly funded treatment admissions.
19Unintentional Poisoning Deaths WA & US, 1980-2006 This is the graph that caught my attention a couple years ago when I started working in the Injury and Violence Prevention Program. There has been a 345% increase in unintentional poisoning deaths in Washington from 1990 to 2004.About 90% of unintentional poisoning deaths are from drug overdoses. Unintentional means that the person was not intending to die or was not harmed by another individual – it does not reflect whether or not they intended to ingest a drug or multiple drugs.
22HeroinMexican “Black Tar” is predominant; very little South American (white powder) is said to be available; no S.E. or S.W. Asian is known to be in the regionTrafficked primarily by Mexican and Central American DTOsHeroin ranked 3rd in prevalence within the regionHeroin ranked 3rd as a regional threatPrice has decreased over the past several years at app. $75 per gram; purity increased concurrently, with reports of 15-20% within the region.
23WA State OverviewHeroin use, abuse and deaths are up. Increases are primarily among young adults 18-29, and are expanding geographically across much of the state.Rx opiate availability, abuse and deaths have declined, but associated deaths still exceed heroin.Although treatment admissions for all other substances have declined, admissions for heroin and Rx opiates increased 512% statewide among year olds. Heroin is the #1 drug in this age group.The statewide caseload for buprenorphine/Suboxone patients years old was 2,189 in 2012.
26Police Evidence Tested by the WSP Crime Lab, 2001-12
27Prescription OpiatesObtained legally by prescription; obtained illegally from friends/family (free or purchased), through multiple providers, via theft, illegitimate prescriptions, illegal Internet pharmaciesNow also trafficked by numerous DTOs as “part of the inventory”Prescription opiates ranked 5th in prevalence within the regionPrescription opiates ranked 5th as a regional threatPrices for illicit purchase vary: oxycodone sells for $1 per milligram
31Percentage of U.S. High School Students Reporting Past-year Substance Abuse in Addition to Past-month Marijuana Use, 2011
32“Ma” is a pictograph of two two plants under a shelter shelter The herb is a “liberator of sin –good for female weakness, gout,rheumatism, malaria, beri beri, constipation and absent mindedness”.Chinese Emperor , 2700 B.C.
33MarijuanaWide range of sources available in Pacific NW; “domestic” now dominates the market although Canada-produced “BC Bud”, Californian, Mexican and exotic varieties are availableAsian-Canadian DTOs operate indoor grows in Western WA (recent Clark County case: 52 locations, 7,000 plants); Mexican DTOs operate outdoor grows in Eastern WADomestic marijuana ranked 1st in prevalence within region.Domestic marijuana ranked 2nd as a regional threat.Price has remained stable at app. $250/ounce; THC content has been analyzed as high as 15-20%
35Investigative Assistance Division January 5, 2011Investigative Assistance Division
362012 Marijuana Eradication Statistics Statewide 1-500Non Reported10,000Indoor/Outdoor/Hotline #s5001-9,999WahkiakumIslandSan Juan20I-84I-8297I-90I-5395128SeattleTacomaYakimaPortlandTri-CitiesSpokaneOlympia101297/20O R E G O NI D A H OC A N A D AP A C I F I CO C E A NP U G E TSOUNDKitsap86Chelan73ClallamJeffersonMasonLewisSkamaniaPacificThurston1,914/9555,492PierceKing2,652Klickitat12,688Snohomish1,503Douglas273Grant386/49,326Kittitas40,574Clark383Benton33/6,327Skagit759Whatcom1,233Okanogan193FerryStevensPendOreilleLincoln530Whitman170Garfield45Columbia3,027Franklin35,651AsotinAdams2,412Walla WallaGrays HarborCowlitz52This slide breaks down the plants seized by county.TOTAL SEIZURES(As off February 27,2013)Grows 153Indoor Plants 10,253Outdoor Plants 205,462Arrests 105Weapons 58Total Plants Seized YTD 216,010
39Initiative 502Effective 12/6/12 following 56% favorable vote in general election. The LCB has until 12/1/13 to adopt implementation details.Will allow individuals 21 and over to possess 1 oz. of smokable material; 16 oz. of infused product; 72 oz. of liquid infused product; paraphernalia.DUI will be issued if THC blood levels exceed nanograms.WA State OFM estimated a 10% increase in consumers and consumption.WA State OFM assumed a price point of $12/gram ($336/lb.).25% excise tax on production, processing and retail sale.Distribution was tied to LCB stores – now must be reconfigured.
40Initiative 502State will produce 40 metric tons (2 million sq. ft.) per yearProjected market share: 25%State will license producers, processors and retailersProduction “tiers”: less than 2,000 sq. ft.; 2-10,000 sq. ft.; ,000 sq. ft.)334 retail stores will be licensed statewide (152 in municipalities, 182 “at large” in unincorporated counties)Rules include provisions about:Advertising (no appeal to youth i.e., toy/cartoon shapes or images)Buffer between marijuana activities & places youth congregate (1,000 ft.)Types of marijuana to be soldLicensee requirements including security, transportation signage, hoursServing sizeRetail locationsWaste disposalPackaging & labelingTo date, no rules addressing internet sales & home delivery
41Initiative 502 Creates a Dedicated Marijuana Fund Healthy Youth Survey DBHR for prevention (evidence-based and emerging best practices) in consultation with SDRGDOH for hotline, grants to local health departments for coordinated intervention strategies, and media campaignUW Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute for web-based public education materialsWSIPP for cost-benefit analysisWSLCB for administrationUW & WSU for research on effects of marijuanaWA Basic Health PlanOSPI Building Bridges ProgramOFM report says DBHR will use money for prevention
42Lessons learned: dedicated funds for tobacco prevention Tobacco Prevention & Control Account:Tobacco taxes to fund Basic Health Plan, prevention and cessation, and other programs.State initiative required that $26.24 million per year be spent on prevention and cessation.In 2009, legislature diverted tobacco tax money to general fund.The account no longer has funds to sustain program.Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids:
43Percentage of Youths Reporting Which Substance is Easiest for Someone Their Age to Obtain SOURCE: Adapted by CESAR from The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA), National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens, Available online at
44Access at homeWith the demise of legal sanctions against use, some parents may choose to begin using marijuana, acting as an important new source of exposure for their adolescents. Parental use of marijuana in the last year is associated with their adolescent’s use during the same period.*Joe Shlabotnik's photos* Legalization of Marijuana: Potential Impact on Youth, American Academy of Pediatrics
45Market IssuesThe industry will have an app. 50% tax markup in addition to general state and local sales taxes of app. 10%, as well as all costs associated with developing and operating an entirely new industry.The black market is fluid, nimble and lucrative.Law enforcement is likely to disengage from enforcement.Marijuana prices in other regions will tempt producers to grow more than they are allowed and sell product interstate.Organized crime may enter the industry to exploit the weak regulatory and enforcement apparatus.The likelihood of marijuana “tourism” is very high.
47National Overview – State Legislation 2013 2 states have legalized possession20 states and D.C. have approvedmarijuana as medicine13 states have also decriminalizedmarijuana possessionPotential 2014 ballot measures to establish legalized status are seeking signatures in Alaska, Arizona, California and Oregon. Ballot proposals to legalize are also circulating in Arkansas, Florida, Idaho, Nebraska, Utah and Wyoming.
48Saturday, October 26, 2013 To find a participating location: Visit TakeBackYourMeds.org/dea-eventsPrevious Take Back Days in Washington State have received 53,451 pounds of unwanted medicines.Previous Take Back Days nationwide have received 995,185 pounds (498.5 tons).Municipalities and counties in 19 states have implemented programsThe Secure Medicine Take-back Bill (SSB 5234), requiring drug producers to fund a non-profit association that would dispose of medications, was introduced during the 2013 session and was reintroduced and retained in present status by resolution.