Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

In-house real-time PCRs are more sensitive than RespiFinder Plus TwoStep ®, and xTAG RVP™ for detection of respiratory viruses in nasopharyngeal flocked.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "In-house real-time PCRs are more sensitive than RespiFinder Plus TwoStep ®, and xTAG RVP™ for detection of respiratory viruses in nasopharyngeal flocked."— Presentation transcript:

1 In-house real-time PCRs are more sensitive than RespiFinder Plus TwoStep ®, and xTAG RVP™ for detection of respiratory viruses in nasopharyngeal flocked swabs from adult patients with lower respiratory tract infections Loens K. 1, Vanderstraeten A. 1, Lammens C. 1, Goossens H. 1, Coenjaerts F. 2, Claas E. 3, van Loon A. 2, Ieven M. 1, and the GRACE study group 1 University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; 2 University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; 3 Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands Objectives: We investigated the viral aetiology in lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in the European GRACE primary care network (PCN) using mono- and small multiplex real-time nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs). These had been shown to be more sensitive than large multiplex (MX) assays on a GRACE proficiency panel, but are more time-consuming and expensive due to the large diversity of respiratory viruses. Large MX assays could be more convenient. This study therefore compares the performance of the xTAG™ RVP (Luminex) and the RespiFinder ® Plus TwoStep (PathoFinder) kit to in-house real-time PCRs on nasopharyngeal flocked swabs (NPFSs). Figure 1: The 16 primary care networks involved in this study This project is supported through Priority 1 (Life Sciences, Genomics and Biotechnology for Health) of European Union's FP6, Contract number: LSHM-CT In-house PCRs were more sensitive than both commercial MX assays. The RespiFinder performed better than the xTAG RVP, especially for HCoV where a low sensitivity was obtained with the xTAG RVP. Patients: From 10/2007 through 04/2010, a total of 3102 adult patients with LRTI in the community and 2984 controls were enrolled in a 3 year prospective study in 16 primary care networks PCNs in 11 European countries. (Fig. 1). Samples: For this study, 361 NPFSs, (COPAN, Brescia, Italy) were collected prospectively in 11 PCNs in 8 European countries during the winter season of 2007/2008. They were sent to the local lab to be frozen until transport to the central lab in Antwerp for subsequent nucleic acid (NA) extraction by the NucliSens EasyMAG (bioMérieux, Grenoble, France). Methods: Aliquots of NA extracts were sent to the LUMC and UMCU for detection of influenzaviruses (INF) A/B, parainfluenzavirus (PIV) 1-4, human rhinoviruses (HRV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenoviruses (HAdV), and coronaviruses (HCoV) by in-house monoplex and small MX real-time PCR. The xTAG RVP and RespiFinder TwoStep kit were retrospectively applied in Antwerp on a selection of samples found positive for any virus with the in-house PCRs. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated against in-house PCRs. Correspondence: Katherine Loens, Project Manager, Vaccine & Infectious Disease Institute (VAXINFECTIO) University of Antwerp,Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium OBJECTIVES MATERIALS & METHODS RESULTS CONCLUSIONS 366, 347, and 290 respiratory viruses were detected by the real-time in- house PCRs, the RespiFinder TwoStep and the xTAG RVP tests, respectively (Table 1). Dual infections were detected in 13, 6, and 2 samples by in-house PCR, RespiFinder TwoStep kit and xTAG RVP, respectively (Table 3). Sensitivity and specificity of the commercial assays are shown in table 2: INF was detected significantly less frequently by both RespiFinder and xTAG RVP compared to the in-house PCRs: P=0.01 and P=0.001 respectively; HCoV was detected less often by xTAG RVP only: P=0.001 compared to in-house PCRs. All other sensitivities were not significantly different. In general, samples found negative by the commercial assays tended to have a low viral load (based on Ct-value). Table 2. Sensitivity and specificity of the different assays Table 1. Number of viruses detected by the different assays Table 3. Dual infections detected by the different assays


Download ppt "In-house real-time PCRs are more sensitive than RespiFinder Plus TwoStep ®, and xTAG RVP™ for detection of respiratory viruses in nasopharyngeal flocked."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google