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HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION AND REFERENCE SOURCES Chapter # 10.

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Presentation on theme: "HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION AND REFERENCE SOURCES Chapter # 10."— Presentation transcript:

1 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION AND REFERENCE SOURCES Chapter # 10

2 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Introduction Types of Information Needed. Types of Information Needed. Physical & Chemical Properties. Physical & Chemical Properties. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. NAERG. NAERG. NIOSH Pocket Guide. NIOSH Pocket Guide. Other Reference Books. Other Reference Books. MSDSs. MSDSs. Data Bases. Data Bases. Other Information Resources. Other Information Resources. Types of Information Needed. Types of Information Needed. Physical & Chemical Properties. Physical & Chemical Properties. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. NAERG. NAERG. NIOSH Pocket Guide. NIOSH Pocket Guide. Other Reference Books. Other Reference Books. MSDSs. MSDSs. Data Bases. Data Bases. Other Information Resources. Other Information Resources.

3 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Technical Data is available from many sources: Technical Data is available from many sources: Name some sources.Name some sources. How can this data help during a response?How can this data help during a response? To be useful, whats required?To be useful, whats required? Technical Data is available from many sources: Technical Data is available from many sources: Name some sources.Name some sources. How can this data help during a response?How can this data help during a response? To be useful, whats required?To be useful, whats required?

4 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources For the technical data to be useful, it must be: For the technical data to be useful, it must be: Easy to access.Easy to access. Accurate.Accurate. Understandable.Understandable. For the technical data to be useful, it must be: For the technical data to be useful, it must be: Easy to access.Easy to access. Accurate.Accurate. Understandable.Understandable.

5 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources The two types of information needed are: The two types of information needed are: Physical Properties.Physical Properties. Chemical Properties.Chemical Properties. The two types of information needed are: The two types of information needed are: Physical Properties.Physical Properties. Chemical Properties.Chemical Properties.

6 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Physical Properties: Physical Properties: Boiling point.Boiling point. Explosive/Flammable limits.Explosive/Flammable limits. Flash pointFlash point Ignition temperature.Ignition temperature. Melting point.Melting point. Specific gravity.Specific gravity. Solubility.Solubility. Vapor density.Vapor density. Vapor pressureVapor pressure Physical Properties: Physical Properties: Boiling point.Boiling point. Explosive/Flammable limits.Explosive/Flammable limits. Flash pointFlash point Ignition temperature.Ignition temperature. Melting point.Melting point. Specific gravity.Specific gravity. Solubility.Solubility. Vapor density.Vapor density. Vapor pressureVapor pressure NH 3

7 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Explosive/Flammable Limits: Explosive/Flammable Limits: LEL or LFLBURNUEL or UFL Too lean to burn Too rich to burn Too lean to burn Too rich to burn 100% LEL 100% LEL Explosive/Flammable Limits: Explosive/Flammable Limits: LEL or LFLBURNUEL or UFL Too lean to burn Too rich to burn Too lean to burn Too rich to burn 100% LEL 100% LEL

8 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Explosive/Flammable Limits: Explosive/Flammable Limits: LEL UEL 10% LEL

9 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Chemical Properties: Chemical Properties: Corrosivity.Corrosivity. Toxicity.Toxicity. Radioactivity.Radioactivity. Oxidizing potential.Oxidizing potential. Reactivity.Reactivity. Chemical Properties: Chemical Properties: Corrosivity.Corrosivity. Toxicity.Toxicity. Radioactivity.Radioactivity. Oxidizing potential.Oxidizing potential. Reactivity.Reactivity.

10 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Technical Experts: Technical Experts: Personnel at the facility can be a valuable source of information.Personnel at the facility can be a valuable source of information. Many times workers can pass on information as to what happened, what materials are involved and what the conditions are.Many times workers can pass on information as to what happened, what materials are involved and what the conditions are. Chemists and other technical experts on scene can provide useful technical information.Chemists and other technical experts on scene can provide useful technical information. Technical assistance can also be obtained from industry experts.Technical assistance can also be obtained from industry experts. Technical Experts: Technical Experts: Personnel at the facility can be a valuable source of information.Personnel at the facility can be a valuable source of information. Many times workers can pass on information as to what happened, what materials are involved and what the conditions are.Many times workers can pass on information as to what happened, what materials are involved and what the conditions are. Chemists and other technical experts on scene can provide useful technical information.Chemists and other technical experts on scene can provide useful technical information. Technical assistance can also be obtained from industry experts.Technical assistance can also be obtained from industry experts.

11 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Technical Experts: Technical Experts: Remember that although on-site personnel can give you good information about a substance, they seldom work with it in an emergency situation.Remember that although on-site personnel can give you good information about a substance, they seldom work with it in an emergency situation. They may not consider the incident to be as hazardous as you do.They may not consider the incident to be as hazardous as you do. Always be aware of the no big deal syndrome that on-site personnel can sometimes have.Always be aware of the no big deal syndrome that on-site personnel can sometimes have. All incidents must be treated as a big deal.All incidents must be treated as a big deal. If information provided is inaccurate or out-of-date, the potential for injury can be great. If information provided is inaccurate or out-of-date, the potential for injury can be great.

12 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources On-Site Personnel: On-Site Personnel: Can provide useful information:Can provide useful information: »What happened? »Materials involved? »Specific conditions? Downside of on-site personnel:Downside of on-site personnel: »No Big Deal syndrome. »Information can be inaccurate. »Information can be out-of-date.

13 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications: Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications: 2000 ERG2000 ERG NIOSHNIOSH Pocket GuidePocket Guide MSDSSMSDSS

14 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources North American Emergency Response Guidebook (NAERG): North American Emergency Response Guidebook (NAERG): Identifies most significant potential hazard.Identifies most significant potential hazard. Provides information on initial actions.Provides information on initial actions. Chemicals organized by name and four digit ID number.Chemicals organized by name and four digit ID number.

15 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources NAERG is organized into four color-coded main sections: NAERG is organized into four color-coded main sections: Blue bordered pages:Blue bordered pages: »alphabetical listing of more than 3,000 hazardous materials Yellow bordered pages:Yellow bordered pages: »a numerical list of the same items by their four-digit United Nations identification number Orange bordered pages:Orange bordered pages: »Sixty-one guides Green bordered pages:Green bordered pages: »Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances

16 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources NAERG contains step-by-step instructions: NAERG contains step-by-step instructions: Identify the hazardous substance either the four-digit ID number or the name of the material.Identify the hazardous substance either the four-digit ID number or the name of the material. Look-up the materials three digit guide number either by ID number in the yellow bordered index, or by name of the material in the blue bordered index.Look-up the materials three digit guide number either by ID number in the yellow bordered index, or by name of the material in the blue bordered index.

17 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources NAERG contains step-by-step instructions, Continued: NAERG contains step-by-step instructions, Continued: Turn to the numbered guide (orange bordered pages) and read the instructions carefully.Turn to the numbered guide (orange bordered pages) and read the instructions carefully. Located in the beginning of the Guide book there is provided A Table of Placards and Initial Response Guides for use if you cannot identify a material by name or ID number, but can only see a placard.Located in the beginning of the Guide book there is provided A Table of Placards and Initial Response Guides for use if you cannot identify a material by name or ID number, but can only see a placard. The guide to use if a material cannot be identified is Guide 111.The guide to use if a material cannot be identified is Guide 111.

18 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources NAERG Positive Characteristics: NAERG Positive Characteristics: One of the most useful guides for first responders.One of the most useful guides for first responders. Valuable tool for determining initial isolation and evacuation distances.Valuable tool for determining initial isolation and evacuation distances. Revised on a regular basis.Revised on a regular basis. Detailed information CHEMTREC is provided.Detailed information CHEMTREC is provided. NAERG Positive Characteristics: NAERG Positive Characteristics: One of the most useful guides for first responders.One of the most useful guides for first responders. Valuable tool for determining initial isolation and evacuation distances.Valuable tool for determining initial isolation and evacuation distances. Revised on a regular basis.Revised on a regular basis. Detailed information CHEMTREC is provided.Detailed information CHEMTREC is provided.

19 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources NIOSH Guide Organization: NIOSH Guide Organization: Column I - Chemicals are listed alphabetically.Column I - Chemicals are listed alphabetically. »Chemical name, Structure/formula, CAS AND RTECS numbers and DOT ID and Guide numbers. Column II - Includes other names.Column II - Includes other names. »Synonyms, Trade Names and Conversion Factors. Column III - Includes Exposure Limits.Column III - Includes Exposure Limits. »Lists The NIOSH RELs, OSHA PELs, ACGIH TLVs are listed when they are more restrictive. Column IV - IDLH level.Column IV - IDLH level. »Lists IDLH concentrations of the chemical in air.

20 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources NIOSH Guide Organization: NIOSH Guide Organization: Column V - Physical description - provides a brief description of the appearance and odor of the substance:Column V - Physical description - provides a brief description of the appearance and odor of the substance: »Purposely sniffing a chemical to determine its odor should be avoided. Column VI - Includes Chemical and Physical Properties listed in the MSDS.Column VI - Includes Chemical and Physical Properties listed in the MSDS. Column VII - Includes information on Incompatibilities and reactivities:Column VII - Includes information on Incompatibilities and reactivities: »This column is of special importance to emergency responder, who are likely to encounter the product outside of its container. Column VIII - Provides information on suggested sampling and analysis methods.Column VIII - Provides information on suggested sampling and analysis methods.

21 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources NIOSH Guide Organization: NIOSH Guide Organization: Column IX - Provides information on Personal Protection and Sanitation.Column IX - Provides information on Personal Protection and Sanitation. Column X - Provides information on Recommendations for Respirator Selection.Column X - Provides information on Recommendations for Respirator Selection. Column XI - XIV - Provides information on Health Hazards, Route of Entry, Symptoms, First Aid, and Target Organs.Column XI - XIV - Provides information on Health Hazards, Route of Entry, Symptoms, First Aid, and Target Organs.

22 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Other Reference Sources: Other Reference Sources: Chemical Hazard Response Information System (CHRIS) Manual.Chemical Hazard Response Information System (CHRIS) Manual. The Condensed Chemical Dictionary.The Condensed Chemical Dictionary. Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials.Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. Fire Protection Guide on Hazardous Materials.Fire Protection Guide on Hazardous Materials. Hazardous Materials Desk Reference.Hazardous Materials Desk Reference. Brethericks Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards.Brethericks Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards. Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products.Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products. Handbook of Compressed Gases.Handbook of Compressed Gases. Guidelines for the Selection of CPC.Guidelines for the Selection of CPC. Hazardous Materials Injuries.Hazardous Materials Injuries. Merck Index.Merck Index.

23 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Section I - Material and Manufacturer IdentificationSection I - Material and Manufacturer Identification Section II - Hazardous IngredientsSection II - Hazardous Ingredients Section III - Physical DataSection III - Physical Data Section IV - Fire and Explosion Hazard DataSection IV - Fire and Explosion Hazard Data Section V - Health Hazard DataSection V - Health Hazard Data Section VI - Reactivity DataSection VI - Reactivity Data Section VII - Spill or Leak ProceduresSection VII - Spill or Leak Procedures Section VIII - Special Protection InformationSection VIII - Special Protection Information Section IX - Special PrecautionsSection IX - Special Precautions

24 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources Other Sources of Information: Other Sources of Information: CHEMTRECs Hazard Information Transmission (HIT)CHEMTRECs Hazard Information Transmission (HIT) »Hazardline is an on-line data base that is updated daily. TOMES is available on CD-ROM and on line.TOMES is available on CD-ROM and on line. TOXCENTER, based at Northridge Hospital in Northridge, California.TOXCENTER, based at Northridge Hospital in Northridge, California. CAMEOCAMEO

25 Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources SUMMARY Types of Information Needed. Types of Information Needed. Physical & Chemical Properties. Physical & Chemical Properties. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. NAERG. NAERG. NIOSH Pocket Guide. NIOSH Pocket Guide. Other Reference Books. Other Reference Books. MSDSs. MSDSs. Data Bases. Data Bases. Other Information Resources. Other Information Resources. Types of Information Needed. Types of Information Needed. Physical & Chemical Properties. Physical & Chemical Properties. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Technical Experts & On-Site Personnel. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. Hazardous Materials Reference Books/Technical Publications. NAERG. NAERG. NIOSH Pocket Guide. NIOSH Pocket Guide. Other Reference Books. Other Reference Books. MSDSs. MSDSs. Data Bases. Data Bases. Other Information Resources. Other Information Resources.

26 1. question(s) to 2. Your question(s) will be answered asap. QuestionsQuestions ?

27 Hazardous Materials Reference Sources EXAM TIME


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