Ms. Sims/Crenshaw hopped on a plane and made their way to Greece. Greece is located in Europe.
The first stop was the Parthenon. Here, Ms. Sims/Crenshaw learned that builders and architects in the United States copied the architecture of ancient Greece.. This is the Lincoln Memorial. It is located in the United States. This is the Parthenon. It is located in Greece.
Architecture is the style or design of a building. Each of these buildings have columns. A column is a pillar or post that stands upright.
Thomas Jefferson, who was the third president of the United States, was also an architect. Thomas Jefferson designed many buildings using Greek architecture. Monticello Charlottesville, Virginia
The U.S. Supreme Court Building was built to look like the Parthenon. Can you tell which building is the Parthenon?
The U.S. Treasury Building was also built to model the Parthenon.
After Ms. Sims/Crenshaw left the Parthenon, they made their way to the ancient Treasury of Athens.
There they learned that the U.S. Department of Treasury was modeled after the ancient Treasury of Athens. The Treasury of Athens U.S. Treasury Department
Journal Time Ms. Sims/Crenshaw stopped to rest and took notes in her travel journal on what they had learned so far.
1.Greece is located in Europe. 2.You can find buildings in the United States that were modeled after the Parthenon and The Treasury of Athens. 3.Many buildings in ancient Greece have columns.
Ms. Sims/Crenshaw Next Stop: City- States The cities of ancient Greece each had their own government. They were called city-states. Many were monarchies. A monarchy is a type of government ruled by a king. What are the 5 city-states shown on the map?
Ms. Sims/Crenshaw learned that in Athens, around 500 B.C., the people began a new form of government that was led by the people. This new form of government was called a democracy. A democracy is a government run by the people in which the majority rule. The majority of a group is the group with the biggest number – usually over half.
The government in ancient Athens, Greece was a DIRECT DEMOCRACY Only male citizens of Athens had the right and responsibility to vote on leaders and laws.
Ms. Sims/Crenshaw also learned that when the founding fathers of the U.S. were developing our democracy, they modeled it after the democracy in ancient Greece. The biggest difference in the U.S. government is that we are a… REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY We choose people to represent us in government. They vote on laws for us.
Journal Time What has Mrs. Sims/Crenshaw learned about the government of Ancient Greece?
1.Cities in Ancient Greece had their own government. 2.A democracy is a form of government in which the majority rule. 3.Ancient Greece had a Direct Democracy while the U.S. has a Representative Democracy.
While in Ancient Greece, Ms. Sims/Crenshaw had the opportunity to watch the ancient Greek Olympics. They couldn’t participate in the games because they are women. Check out what Ms. Sims/Crenshaw learned about the Greek Olympics.
The Olympics of ancient Greece were always held in Olympia, Greece every four years. Only men who spoke Greek could enter the games. There were not as many sports in the ancient Olympics as there are today.
Although only men who spoke Greek were allowed to participate, the games included men from several different Greek city-states. Events in Ancient Greece Running Wrestling Boxing Chariot Races Pentathlon (this included discus, javelin throw, and long jump)
Winners of the ancient Olympic games were national heroes! The Olympic champions were capped with a crown of olive branches. The olive branch is a symbol of hope and peace.
Modern Olympics The modern Olympics began in the late 1800s. Countries from all over the world have participated. Women are allowed to participate in today’s Olympics.
There were 28 sports and over 300 sporting events in the 2008 Summer Olympics. Today, Olympic winners receive medals (gold, silver, bronze) instead of olive crowns.
Journal Time Let’s see what Ms. Sims/Crenshaw learned about the Ancient Greek Olympics and the Modern Olympics.
1.Only men who spoke Greek could participate in the games. 2.Olympic champions in the ancient Greek Olympics were given a crown of olive branches. Olympic champions in modern Olympics are awarded medals. 3.Woman are now allowed to participate in the Olympic games.
Ms. Sims/Crenshaw learned some very important information about Greece, the government, and the Olympics. It’s now time to return home!