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The Culture of the High Middle Ages Agricultural and Economic Revolution The revival of learning.

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Presentation on theme: "The Culture of the High Middle Ages Agricultural and Economic Revolution The revival of learning."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Culture of the High Middle Ages Agricultural and Economic Revolution The revival of learning

2 Agricultural and Economic Revolution C. 1000-1300 AD

3 Changes in Agriculture Population explosion (38-74 mil. in 300 years) Population explosion (38-74 mil. in 300 years) The settlement of the 9 th century invaders led to peace and stability The settlement of the 9 th century invaders led to peace and stability Climate improved Climate improved More land farmed = more food More land farmed = more food Changes in technology (next slide) Changes in technology (next slide)

4 Inventions and the Agricultural Revolution (after 1000) Water and wind mills Water and wind mills Heavier plows made of iron (Carruca) Heavier plows made of iron (Carruca) Collar harness (horses instead of oxen) Collar harness (horses instead of oxen) The horseshoe The horseshoe The three field system The three field system The result The result Better crops, more food, better diet Better crops, more food, better diet Between 1000 and 1300 the population of Western Europe doubled Between 1000 and 1300 the population of Western Europe doubled

5 The Growth of Trade The population explosion also caused an increase in demand The population explosion also caused an increase in demand The first city states (Venice, Genoa, Pisa) established trade with the East (Asia-Byz-Eur) The first city states (Venice, Genoa, Pisa) established trade with the East (Asia-Byz-Eur) New business practices made trade easier “The Commercial Revolution” New business practices made trade easier “The Commercial Revolution” Coins (money economy) Coins (money economy) Banking (letters of credit) Banking (letters of credit) Partnerships (joint stock Co’s) Partnerships (joint stock Co’s)

6 The Revival of Towns Old Roman cities come back to life Old Roman cities come back to life Craftsmen now produce goods for trade and create the new middle class or Bourgeoisie Craftsmen now produce goods for trade and create the new middle class or Bourgeoisie Guilds: Apprentice, Journeyman, Master Guilds: Apprentice, Journeyman, Master Organizations of crafts workers (unions) Organizations of crafts workers (unions) Government: right to rule themselves from Charters obtained from the Lord Government: right to rule themselves from Charters obtained from the Lord Town Life (dirty, smelly, dangerous) Town Life (dirty, smelly, dangerous) Labor lords eventually become land lords Labor lords eventually become land lords Serfs become rent paying peasants Serfs become rent paying peasants

7 Literature and Language The growth of the vernacular: Everyday speech in a particular region The growth of the vernacular: Everyday speech in a particular region Dante Alghieri (1265-1321): The Divine Comedy Dante Alghieri (1265-1321): The Divine Comedy Geoffrey Chaucer: The Canterburry Tales (late 1300’s) Geoffrey Chaucer: The Canterburry Tales (late 1300’s)


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