Presentation on theme: "Doc.: IEEE 802.11-10/0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 1 GroupID Concept for Downlink MU- MIMO Transmission Date: 2010-01-18."— Presentation transcript:
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 1 GroupID Concept for Downlink MU- MIMO Transmission Date: Authors:
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 2 Background Non-resolvable LTFs –# LTF symbols = max i (# spatial streams for user i) –Each user cannot estimate H i Q i reliably unless ||H i Q j ||=0 We cannot guarantee this assumption in general. –Advantage Shorter preamble –Disadvantage Incompatible with high-performance MU downlink algorithms Incompatible with certain antenna configurations Incompatible with interference suppression Resolvable LTFs –# of LTF symbols >= total # of spatial streams –Each user can measure both its signal channel and all interference channels –We can enhance the MU-MIMO performance that cannot be obtained with unresolvable LTFs at the cost of longer preamble. For resolvable LTFs, we need a mechanism to identify which streams are for which user.
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 3 Group ID Definition A group ID (y bits) is used to specify a group of K MU-MIMO users in a specified order Group ID is defined by AP and is communicated to STAs –Group ID may be transmitted within the body of a management frame Management frame may be a sounding frame or a non-sounding frame Management frame without sounding may be used to indicate AID list for a Group ID without requesting channel measurement feedback frame (when the management frame transmitter already has CSI information) A group ID is modified or created by transmitting group- definition-field –See next slide Group ID may be overloaded. AP may assign same Group ID to mutually exclusive sets of users if necessary –A station can be member of up to 2^y groups
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 4 Group-definition-field Group-definition-field is defined as following –K number of MU-MIMO users per group (K=4 for example) Several group-definition-fields may be transmitted in one management or sounding frame –Another field indicates how many group-definition-fields are included in the management or sounding frame Upon reception of Group-definition-field, each STA knows its own STA number (one to four in this example) associated with group ID. Group ID is managed by AP. AID2AID3AID4Group IDAID1 AID stands for Associated Identifier AID may be replaced by some other field that identifies STAs
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 5 An Example of Sounding Mechanism Sounding packet includes the MAC addresses of recipients to sound (possible candidates for MU-MIMO packet recipients) –The order of AIDs (Associated ID) in Group-definition-field in the PHY payload indicates the station number (1 to 4). AP will choose the participating STAs for MU-MIMO packet based on available downlink traffic and current channel state information for all the STAs –All of STAs that were included in Group-definition-field are not required to be recipients of MU-MIMO packet. Sounding AP In sounding packet, four AIDs are included in MAC header or DATA. Each AID represents MAC address to sound for MU-MIMO From this order, each destination STA knows the assigned number (1 to 4) STA1 STA2 STA3 STA4 MU-MIMO Packet time Group-definition-field in DATA or MAC header Group-ID-field in VHT-SIG A Feedback Frames - Details are TBD -
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 6 Stream Number Indication in VHT-SIG A  VHT-SIG A tells the number of columns of Qk (steering matrix for user k) in the order of assigned user number in the sounding frame. All STAs can listen to VHT-SIG A, so each participating user knows when to start to detect its own stream. VHT-SIG A may include following bits (called MU-MIMO bits) –Some of these bits may be reused for SU-MIMO packet Qk is the steering matrix for user k MU indication 1 bit # of columns of Qk (Nsts_k) for k=1,2,3,4 x bits Group ID y bits x bits indicate the number of columns of Nsts for user 1,2,3 and 4. Details are TBD It is possible Nsts_k = 0 for certain k if STA k is not a recipient of MU-MIMO packet.
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 7 Summary MU-MIMO with resolvable LTFs requires a mechanism to indicate which streams are for which user. Group ID and MU-MIMO bits in VHT-SIG field are introduced for this information –In MU-MIMO bits, For SU, MU-MIMO indication bit is set to 0 –Some of MU-MIMO bits may be reused for other purpose For MU, MU-MIMO indication bit is set to 1.
doc.: IEEE /0073r0 Submission January 2010 Joonsuk Kim, Broadcom Corp.Slide 8 Reference  “ ac ac-preamble.ppt"