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A Short History of the White River Crossing: Battling the Demon of Mount Hood Tom DeRoo Mt. Hood National Forest.

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Presentation on theme: "A Short History of the White River Crossing: Battling the Demon of Mount Hood Tom DeRoo Mt. Hood National Forest."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Short History of the White River Crossing: Battling the Demon of Mount Hood Tom DeRoo Mt. Hood National Forest

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5 Roads and Trails around Mt. Hood

6 Debris flows: Channelized landslide Channelized landslide Mixture of water, soil, rock Mixture of water, soil, rock Consistency of wet concrete Consistency of wet concrete Often contains wood debris Often contains wood debris Typically travels at 10 – 20 mph Typically travels at 10 – 20 mph

7 Recent debris flows on Mt. Hood

8 Number of Major Mt. Hood Debris Flows per Year,

9 Debris flows are frequent on Mt. Hood because the conditions for their formation are nearly ideal. Confined channels with steep gradients Confined channels with steep gradients Very steep side slopes Very steep side slopes Abundant loose soil and rock Abundant loose soil and rock Occasionally abundant water Occasionally abundant water

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11 Sources of water for Mt. Hood debris flows Glacier meltwater Glacier meltwater Summer/fall storms Summer/fall storms Rain-on-snow events Rain-on-snow events Rapid snowmelt Rapid snowmelt Combination of above Combination of above

12 Recent debris flows on Mt. Hood Recent debris flows on Mt. Hood

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14 White River Valley Cross Section looking downriver Green Apple Creek White River Mineral Creek

15 A short history of the Mt. Hood Loop Highway Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Construction completed in 1925 Construction completed in 1925 Last segment crossed White River Last segment crossed White River

16 A short history of the White River Crossing Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Construction completed in 1925 Construction completed in 1925 Last segment crossed White River Last segment crossed White River August 1926 debris flow buries approach August 1926 debris flow buries approach

17 A short history of the White River Crossing Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Construction completed in 1925 Construction completed in 1925 Last segment crossed White River Last segment crossed White River August 1926 debris flow buries approach August 1926 debris flow buries approach October 1926 debris flow damages bridge October 1926 debris flow damages bridge

18 A short history of the White River Crossing Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Construction completed in 1925 Construction completed in 1925 Last segment crossed White River Last segment crossed White River August 1926 debris flow buries approach August 1926 debris flow buries approach October 1926 debris flow damages bridge October 1926 debris flow damages bridge 1927 debris flow buries bridge 1927 debris flow buries bridge

19 A short history of the White River crossing Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Shown as “proposed” on 1916 map Construction completed in 1925 Construction completed in 1925 Last segment crossed White River Last segment crossed White River August 1926 debris flow buries approach August 1926 debris flow buries approach October 1926 debris flow damages bridge October 1926 debris flow damages bridge 1927 debris flow buries bridge 1927 debris flow buries bridge Bridge replaced in 1929 Bridge replaced in 1929

20 “There is White River Valley which is almost annually laid waste for half to a mile in width leaving a desert of boulders, gravel and sand, whose river almost annually rebels at human intervention and demoniacally rips out sections of the highway bridge which crosses it.” “There is White River Valley which is almost annually laid waste for half to a mile in width leaving a desert of boulders, gravel and sand, whose river almost annually rebels at human intervention and demoniacally rips out sections of the highway bridge which crosses it.” (U.S. Forest Service, Study of Mount Hood Area, )

21 “There is White River Valley which is almost annually laid waste for half to a mile in width leaving a desert of boulders, gravel and sand, whose river almost annually rebels at human intervention and demoniacally rips out sections of the highway bridge which crosses it.” “There is White River Valley which is almost annually laid waste for half to a mile in width leaving a desert of boulders, gravel and sand, whose river almost annually rebels at human intervention and demoniacally rips out sections of the highway bridge which crosses it.” (U.S. Forest Service, Study of Mount Hood Area, )

22 A short history of the White River Crossing 1920’s – 3 debris flows 1920’s – 3 debris flows 1930’s – 3 debris flows 1930’s – 3 debris flows 1940’s – 3 debris flows 1940’s – 3 debris flows 1950’s – 3 debris flows 1950’s – 3 debris flows 1960’s – 5 debris flows 1960’s – 5 debris flows 1970’s – 1 debris flow 1970’s – 1 debris flow 1980’s – 1 debris flow 1980’s – 1 debris flow

23 A short history of the White River Crossing : debris flow, 220,000 CY, partially filled in channel : debris flow, 220,000 CY, partially filled in channel : debris flow, 440,000 cubic yards, filled opening under bridge : debris flow, 440,000 cubic yards, filled opening under bridge : debris flow, 600,000 cubic yards, buried bridge : debris flow, 600,000 cubic yards, buried bridge

24 White River October 1, 2000 prolonged high temperatures rapid glacial melt intense rain event

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28 White River Bridge – pre-event

29 White River Bridge – post-event

30 What to do about the demon of Mt. Hood?

31 What to do about the demon of Mt. Hood? (same question asked in 1929)

32 White River November 7, 2006 high temperatures record rain event

33 Precipitation and Freezing Levels

34 Daily Precipitation

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61 What the Future Holds: Geologic hazards suggest problems could worsen Geologic hazards suggest problems could worsen “Wet” climate is expected to continue until about 2015 “Wet” climate is expected to continue until about 2015 Longer, higher bridges are being considered Longer, higher bridges are being considered State Highway may be relocated up or down stream State Highway may be relocated up or down stream Interagency collaboration is critical Interagency collaboration is critical

62 Interagency effort between: Oregon Department of Transportation and Mt. Hood National Forest and Federal Highway Administration

63 What to do about the demon of Mt. Hood?

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