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« Open Data » Fantasy « Fantasy mirrors desire. Imagination reshapes it. » Mason Cooley (American writer) Marc Ribes – France Telecom Orange Paris – 13-15.

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Presentation on theme: "« Open Data » Fantasy « Fantasy mirrors desire. Imagination reshapes it. » Mason Cooley (American writer) Marc Ribes – France Telecom Orange Paris – 13-15."— Presentation transcript:

1 « Open Data » Fantasy « Fantasy mirrors desire. Imagination reshapes it. » Mason Cooley (American writer) Marc Ribes – France Telecom Orange Paris – octobre 2010

2 2 Open Data Fantasy is shared between public and private sectors « A fantasy is a situation imagined by an individual or group that has no basis in reality but expresses certain desires or aims on the part of its creator. » (Wikipédia) For the Public Sector: Looking for the kind of business model as used for 3G licences For the Private Sector Taking over amount of free (sic) public data to generate huge benefits € 27 Billions

3 Paris – octobre The situation in Europe and France is likely to close the gap between ambitions and reality  Reusable Public Sector Information spectrum is quite wide  Public Sector Information reuse is framed by a European directive, transposed into the French law  International approaches are various and led by Anglo Saxons countries  The potential limitation for the Private Sector is linked only to the businesses’ creativity … and by the « business model » that will be chosen by the public entities

4 Paris – octobre Reusable Public Sector Information spectrum is quite wide  « Open Data » concept was launched in the USA together with the « Open Movement » and was targeting mainly scientific data  Applied to Public Sector Information, it concerns all kinds of data produced in the scope of a public service and potentially reusable for the delivery of another kind of service  Social, economical, geographical, meteorological, touristic areas, information about businesses, patents, education…  It concerns also all kinds of format  Documents, statistics, archives, maps…  Looking for economical and employment development, accessibility, use and processing of public data by the private sector must be considered as a basic right and should be legally harmonised at European level  Key questions are about the definition of the kinds of accessible data, their format, their terms of delivery and their target use, respectful of personal data and intellectual property protection

5 Paris – octobre Public Sector Information Reuse is framed by a European directive*  The directive addresses public sector entities  State, territorial authorities, entities under public right  It is about all kinds of content, whatever their medium  Paper, electronic, sound, visual, audiovisual  It defines the concept of public sector information reuse, with a special emphasis on the cross border aspects  « Re-use » means the use by persons or legal entities of documents held by public sector bodies, for commercial or non-commercial purposes other than the initial purpose within the public task for which the documents were produced.  According to this directive, authorisation to public information reuse is not mandatory but the process to grant this authorisation to private players must be defined  It advises for an easy access to the directory of this accessible and reusable data (see also and * Directive 2003/98/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 17 novembre 2003 concernant la réutilisation des informations du secteur publicDirective 2003/98/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 17 novembre 2003 concernant la réutilisation des informations du secteur public

6 Paris – octobre In France, a legal act* dated 2005 amends the law** defining access modalities to public information  Public information can be reused for commercial or non-commercial ends by anyone allowed accessing this data  Delivery can be free or not, through a licence defining limitations and conditions of reuse of this public information  Potential cost of this licence must be linked to production and/or delivery, and not to the potential profit derived from the reuse  The public entities are not obliged to accept systematically any request for specific presentation of public information  However, any public entity must produce a directory of available reusable public information that it produces or uses  The Agency for Public Intangibles of France is entitled to link between public producers and private reusers * Ordonnance n° du 29 avril 2009 ** Loi n° du 17 juillet 1978, modifiée le 8 mai 2010Ordonnance n° du 29 avril 2009 Loi n° du 17 juillet 1978, modifiée le 8 mai 2010

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10 Paris – octobre International approaches are various and led by Anglo Saxons countries  The growing publication of public information mainly comes from (American) economic stimulation for transparency reasons  In this scope, Barack Obama pushed the publication on-line of public information for an enlightenment of his action, then a delivery of this information for further processing  Inspired by AppStores stories, numerous businesses have created dedicated applications  The business model is under development, mainly based on the delivery of raw data

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15 Paris – octobre The potential limitation for the Private Sector is linked only to the businesses’ creativity …  « Better and more use of public sector information has great potential to generate new businesses and jobs and to provide consumers with more choice and more value for money. » (Mrs Neelie Kroes, Commission Vice-President for the Digital Agenda)  It targets 2 categories of players with different capacities and constraints  Large operators will be able to acquire and process large volumes of data to create value added services in order to complete an existing offer  Small businesses, innovatives and reactive, will be able to imagine and test new models of services only if they can access rapidly and freely raw material  Free public sector information reuse, as expected by economic players, does not mean that they will be able to do anything  Personal data protection, data cross-processing, profiling, intellectual property…

16 Paris – octobre USA – Most ponctual airlines between 2 towns GB – School finder by ofsted score FR - Parking spaces for disabled FI – Public debt clock ES – Gasoline price comparison CZ – Weather forecasts for wind sports NZ – Fertilizers use optimisation AU – Data on neighborhood safety GE – European public procurement platform BR – Private farm management through satellites images HK – Use of surveillance cameras by local TV for traffic info

17 Paris – octobre … and by the « business model » that will be chosen by the public entities  The law gives to the administration the possibility of delivering public information for free or with a fee together with a licence  The monetization as public intangibles should be limited to cover data delivery costs, for further commercial purpose or not  The licence fee must not create competition distortion with public entities selling directly the same kind of information  The more data will be delivered in a structured way, the more preparation and maintenance costs and delivery delay will be high, while innovative players usually prefer raw material but rapidly available

18 Thank you Paris – octobre 2010


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