Presentation on theme: "Hepatitis B What You Need To Know. What is the Liver?What is Hepatitis B?TransmissionGlobal/Local Impact Hepatitis B and AA & NHOPIs Seattle-King County."— Presentation transcript:
Hepatitis B What You Need To Know
What is the Liver?What is Hepatitis B?TransmissionGlobal/Local Impact Hepatitis B and AA & NHOPIs Seattle-King County Refugee Data Test, vaccinate, treat! Living with Chronic Hepatitis B FAQResources
What is the Liver? Where is the liver? What does it do? Cleans your blood Helps you digest food Helps your body fight infections
“ Hepat itis” = liver inflammation What is Hepatitis?
How is Hepatitis B Spread? From a mother passing the hepatitis B virus to their baby during birth
How is Hepatitis B Spread? By having unprotected sex with a person who has the hepatitis B virus By using unsterilized needles for tattoos, body piercings, injection drug use, or acupuncture By sharing shaving razors, toothbrushes, or other personal items that may come into contact with blood
How Hepatitis B is NOT Spread It is NOT spread from hugging, holding hands, sharing food, breastfeeding, kissing, or living with an infected person
Acute vs. Chronic Hepatitis B Acute: initial infection with the hepatitis B virus Chronic: the hepatitis B virus remains in the blood for more than 6 months The younger a person is first exposed to the hepatitis B virus, the more likely they’ll develop chronic hepatitis B 1 1 Asian Liver Center. FAQ about Hepatitis B. Available at: Accessed Jan Hepatitis B Foundation. Acute vs. Chronic Hepatitis B. Available at: Accessed Jan
Why Do We Care About Chronic Hepatitis B? Chronic Hepatitis B Liver cirrhosis Liver failure Liver cancer 25% of those with chronic hepatitis B end up with liver cirrhosis and/or cancer without proper management 60-80% of primary liver cancer worldwide is caused by chronic hepatitis B 1 1 Asian Liver Center. FAQ about Hepatitis B. Available at: Accessed Jan
Chronic Hepatitis B is a Silent Threat Half of all people with chronic hepatitis B show no symptoms 1 People who have the hepatitis B virus may infect others without knowing it People often find out they have the hepatitis B virus after they get really sick, when it’s usually too late or difficult to treat the infection There is no cure, but there are effective treatments available 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis B. Available at: Accessed May 21, 2004.
Hepatitis B is Serious – Global Impact It’s a common disease! Over 350 million people in the world have chronic hepatitis B 1 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis B FAQs for Health Professionals. Available at: Accessed January 28, World Health Organization. Hepatitis B. Available at: documents/hepatitis/docs/whocdscsrlyo20022/disease/world_distribution.html. Accessed June 1, 2004.
Chronic hepatitis B is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide 1 The hepatitis B virus is 100 times more infectious than HIV 2 1 Lavanchy D. Hepatitis B virus epidemiology, disease burden, treatment, and current and emerging prevention and control measures.J Viral Hepatitis. 2004;11: Hepatitis B Foundation. Hep B Statistics. Available at: Accessed December 29, Hepatitis B is Serious – Global Impact
Hepatitis B is Serious – U.S. Chronic hepatitis B causes 4,000 to 5,500 deaths a year in the U.S. 1 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis B and the vaccine. Available at: hepb/q&a.htm. Accessed June 1, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at Accessed February 20, Hepatitis B in the United States 2
Hepatitis B and AA & NHOPIs AA & NHOPIs account for –78% of the 350 million people worldwide with chronic hepatitis B 1 –More than 50% of the chronic hepatitis B cases in the U.S. (estimated 750,000) 2 1 in 10 AA & NHOPIs in the United States are positive for chronic hepatitis B 1 Asians have the highest liver cancer rates of any ethnic group 3 1 Stanford School of Medicine. Hep B Education FAQ. Available at: 2 Asian Liver Center at Stanford University. Hepatitis B in Asian Americans. Available at: Accessed June 1, International Agency for Research on Cancer. GLOBOCAN Available at: Accessed June 1, 2004.
Hepatitis B in Washington State 15,296 cases of chronic hepatitis B were reported between Dec 2000-September –King County (64%) –Snohomish County (7%) –Pierce County (7%) 1272 new chronic hepatitis B cases are reported annually 1 More than 28,000 Washingtonians are currently living with chronic hepatitis B 2 1 Washington State Department of Health. Washington State Chronic Hepatitis B and Chronic Hepatitis C Surveillance Report. Available: Accessed Jan communication from DOH Public Health staff
Hepatitis B and Refugees (Seattle-King County) The four largest refugee communities in 2009 were from Bhutan (29%), Burma/Myanmar (24%), former USSR (12%), and Iraq (12%) 1 1 Public Health – Seattle & King County – Refugee Health Screening Report
*CDC recommends testing refugees from countries with a prevalence of HBsAG+ of 2% or greater. Eastern European refugees are not screened. 1 Public Health – Seattle & King County – Refugee Health Screening Report Near East/South Asia Caribbean/ Latin America Africa Soviet Union/ East Europe* Other SE Asia Caribbean/ Latin America Africa Soviet Union/ East Europe* Other SE Asia Near East/South Asia Hepatitis B and Refugees (Seattle-King County)
*No. screened may be too small to draw accurate conclusions Public Health – Seattle and King County Number of Hepatitis B Positive Cases by Country (2008) Hepatitis B and Refugees (Seattle-King County)
Number of Hepatitis B Positive Cases by Country (2009) *No. screened may be too small to draw accurate conclusions Public Health – Seattle and King County Hepatitis B and Refugees (Seattle-King County)
Protect Yourself And Your Family! Hepatitis B can infect EVERYONE, regardless of age By getting tested and vaccinated, you can protect your family If you test positive, ask your doctor about your treatment/management options Prevention is the best approach to hepatitis B.
Importance of Testing The only way to know if you are infected with the hepatitis B virus is to get tested! Not all routine blood panels test for hepatitis B - Ask your doctor for the tests specific to chronic hepatitis B People of all ages should be tested, especially if you’re from areas of high prevalence Early detection can help: - Prevent spread of the hepatitis B virus - Identify appropriate treatment options - Reduce risk for developing liver cancer
Importance of Prevention The most effective means of preventing hepatitis B infection is through vaccination! Children born before 1992 in the U.S. and those born overseas probably did not receive the vaccine You need all 3 shots to be protected It is okay to finish the last shot at anytime after 6 months from the 1 st shot 1 st shot – at any time 2 nd shot – 1 month after the 1st 3 rd shot – 6 months after the 1st
Other ways to prevent exposure to the hepatitis B virus include: –Receiving vaccination at birth –Practicing protected sex –NOT sharing needles or personal care items that may come into contact with blood (toothbrushes, razors, etc) –Knowing your status! Importance of Prevention
Living with Chronic Hepatitis B Chronic hepatitis B requires management, just like diabetes! Ask your doctor about… –Getting regular blood tests –Whether or not you need treatment or ultrasounds Be informed! –Understand your test results –Get the hepatitis B vaccine –Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking –Help prevent transmission to others Talk to your friends and family! –Make sure your loved ones have been tested and vaccinated –Develop a support system for yourself Asian Liver Center. For Hepatitis B and Liver Cancer Patients. Available at: Accessed Jan
There is Treatment for Chronic Hepatitis B! Pills, shots, or a combination of both Not everyone with chronic hepatitis B needs treatment immediately If you have hepatitis B, you should see your family doctor, who can refer you to a specialist if needed
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Why is hepatitis B more common in some places than in others? Infected mothers often unknowingly pass on the virus to their children. Unfortunately, most countries do not have the money to provide vaccines to babies at birth, making hepatitis B more common in some places. How long does the hepatitis B virus survive outside of the body? The hepatitis B virus can live for 7 days outside of the body. I already got tested/vaccinated when I immigrated to the U.S. Do I still need to get tested again? Yes, another test may be necessary. Different countries have different policies about hepatitis B so we can’t be sure you received the test or vaccination. Knowing your status is important!
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) My doctor already tested my blood during my checkup. Shouldn’t that be enough? No, typical routine blood tests usually don’t include the hepatitis HBsAg and anti-HBs tests needed to test for chronic hepatitis B. Having your blood drawn does not guarantee you were tested! Please double check with your doctor. I am chronically infected with the hepatitis B virus. Do I still need a vaccine? No, vaccines are only effective for those who have not yet been exposed to the hepatitis B virus. You do not need a vaccine if you are chronically infected. What does it mean when I’m a carrier? Being a carrier means you are chronically infected with hepatitis B and can transmit the virus to others.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) What are the common signs/symptoms of hepatitis B?
If an infected person does have symptoms, they might include:
Resources Hepatitis B Coalition of Washington - WithinReach - Association of Asian Pacific Community Health Organizations - Hepatitis B Facts - m m Hepatitis B Foundation - Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum -
Resources International Community Health Services (ICHS) -
Acknowledgements This presentation was inspired in part by 26 community conversations (18 Talking Circles and 8 one-on-one interviews) with community members and organizations in Washington state Additionally, staff and volunteers from the Hepatitis B Coalition of Washington State and International Community Health Services, including AmeriCorps team members contributed to this presentation.